21.2.8 Finding Faces in Images, Face Detection

Chapter Contents (Back)
Face Recognition. Face Detection. Application, Face Detection. Faces, Locating. Detection. See also Human Detection, People Detection, Pedestrians, Locating.

FotoNation,
1997.
WWW Link. Vendor, Face Detection. Primarily Camera embedded products such as dust detection and removal, red-eye removal and face detection and tracking. Recently acquired by (Tessera Technologies). See also Tessera Technologies.

CognoVision,
2006.
WWW Link. Vendor, Face Detection. Face counting and people counting systems for traffic monitoring purposes inside retail environments.

Face Sensing Engine,
2001.
WWW Link. Vendor, Face Detection. A part of Oki Electric. Face detection for digital cameras.

BetaFace: Face Detection and Recognition,
2001.
WWW Link. Vendor, Face Detection. Face detection for multimedia content.

TLD: Tracks the object, Learns its appearance and Detects,
2011
HTML Version. Code, Face Tracking. Code, Face Detection. See also University of Surrey.

CV Dazzle: Camouflage from Computer Vision,
2012.
WWW Link. Vendor, Face Detection. Actually, not face detection, but what to do to eliminate detection. Hiding faces from detection.

Lambert, L.C.[Laurence C.],
Autonomous face recognition machine,
US_Patent5,012,522, Apr 30, 1991
WWW Link. BibRef 9104

Sexton, G.G.[Graham G.],
Video image processing,
US_Patent5,086,480, Feb 4, 1992
WWW Link. Head detection BibRef 9202

Keren, D.[Daniel], Osadchy, M.[Margarita], Gotsman, C.[Craig],
Antifaces: A Novel, Fast Method for Image Detection,
PAMI(23), No. 7, July 2001, pp. 747-761.
IEEE DOI 0108
BibRef
Earlier:
Anti-Faces for Detection,
ECCV00(I: 134-148).
Springer DOI 0003
Series of filters with small values (hence anti-) on the sample, and large values elsewhere. Apply detectors in sequence. BibRef

Osadchy, M.[Margarita], Le Cun, Y.L.[Yann L.], Miller, M.L.[Matthew L.],
Synergistic Face Detection and Pose Estimation with Energy-Based Models,
CLOR06(196-206).
Springer DOI 0711
BibRef

Yang, M.H.[Ming-Hsuan], Kriegman, D.J.[David J.], Ahuja, N.[Narendra],
Detecting Faces in Images: A Survey,
PAMI(24), No. 1, January 2002, pp. 34-58.
IEEE DOI
HTML Version. 0201
Survey, Face Detection. Survey of different factors and scopes. BibRef

Hjelmås, E.[Erik], Low, B.K.[Boon Kee],
Face Detection: A Survey,
CVIU(83), No. 3, September 2001, pp. 236-274.
DOI Link 0110
Evaluation, Face Detection. Survey, Face Detection. Classify algorithms as feature-based or image-based. No standardized tests so no comparative evaluation, unless data from the original authors. BibRef

Samil, A., and Iyengar, P.A.,
Human Face Detection Using Silhouettes,
PRAI(9), 1995, pp. 845-867. BibRef 9500

Govindaraju, V.,
Locating Human Faces in Photographs,
IJCV(19), No. 2, August 1996, pp. 129-146.
Springer DOI 9609
BibRef

Govindaraju, V., Srihari, S.N., Sher, D.B.,
A computational model for face location,
ICCV90(718-721).
IEEE DOI 0403
BibRef

Govindaraju, V., Sher, D.B., Srihari, R.K., and Srihari, S.N.,
Locating Human Faces in Newspaper Photographs,
CVPR89(549-554).
IEEE DOI Recognize Faces. Given a model of how a face appears in a photo, find it. BibRef 8900

Arbuckle, T.D.[Thomas D.],
Method of recognizing images of faces or general images using fuzzy combination of multiple resolutions,
US_Patent5,842,194, November 24, 1998.
WWW Link. BibRef 9811

Dai, Y.[Ying], Nakano, Y.[Yasuaki],
Recognition of Facial Images with Low-Resolution Using a Hopfield Memory Model,
PR(31), No. 2, February 1998, pp. 159-167.
WWW Link. 9802
BibRef

Tankus, A., Yeshurun, Y., Intrator, N.,
Face Detection By Direct Convexity Estimation,
PRL(18), No. 9, September 1997, pp. 913-922. 9801
BibRef

Sakamoto, S., Cox, I.J., Tajima, J.,
A Multiple-Base-Line Stereo for Precise Human Face Acquisition,
PRL(18), No. 9, September 1997, pp. 923-931. 9801
BibRef

Miao, J.[Jun], Yin, B.C.[Bao-Cai], Wang, K.Q.[Kong-Qiao], Shen, L.S.[Lan-Sun], Chen, X.C.[Xue-Cun],
A hierarchical multiscale and multiangle system for human face detection in a complex background using gravity-center template,
PR(32), No. 7, July 1999, pp. 1237-1248.
WWW Link. BibRef 9907

Kondo, T.[Toshiaki], Yan, H.[Hong],
Automatic human face detection and recognition under non-uniform illumination,
PR(32), No. 10, October 1999, pp. 1707-1718.
WWW Link. BibRef 9910

Jonsson, K., Matas, J., Kittler, J.V., Haberl, S.,
Saliency-Based Robust Correlation for Real-time Face Registration and Verification,
BMVC98(xx-yy). BibRef 9800

Jonsson, K., Matas, J., Kittler, J.V.,
Learning Salient Features For Real-Time Face Verification,
AVBPA99(xx-yy). BibRef 9900

Han, C.C.[Chin-Chuan], Liao, H.Y.M.[Hong-Yuan Mark], Yu, G.J.[Gwo-Jong], Chen, L.H.[Liang-Hua],
Fast face detection via morphology-based pre-processing,
PR(33), No. 10, October 2000, pp. 1701-1712.
WWW Link. 0006
BibRef
Earlier: CIAP97(II: 469-476).
Springer DOI 9709
BibRef

Wang, J.G.[Jian-Guo], Tan, T.N.[Tie-Niu],
A new face detection method based on shape information,
PRL(21), No. 6-7, June 2000, pp. 463-471. 0006
BibRef

Maio, D.[Dario], Maltoni, D.[Davide],
Real-time face location on gray-scale static images,
PR(33), No. 9, September 2000, pp. 1525-1539.
WWW Link. 0005
BibRef

Zhao, W.Y.[Wen-Yi], Bhat, D.[Dinkar], Nandhakumar, N., Chellappa, R.,
A reliable descriptor for face objects in visual content,
SP:IC(16), No. 1-2, September 2000, pp. 123-136.
WWW Link. 0008
BibRef

Rajagopalan, A.N., Kumar, K. .S.I.[K. Sun-Il], Karlekar, J.[Jayashree], Manivasakan, R., Patil, M.M.[M. Milind], Desai, U.B., Poonacha, P.G., Chaudhuri, S.,
Locating Human Faces in a Cluttered Scene,
GM(62), No. 5, September 2000, pp. 323-342. 0010
BibRef
Earlier:
Finding Faces in Photographs,
ICCV98(640-645).
IEEE DOI BibRef

Karlekar, J., Desai, U.B.,
Finding faces in color images using wavelet transform,
CIAP99(1085-1088).
IEEE DOI 9909
BibRef

Rajagopalan, A.N., Chellappa, R.[Rama], Koterba, N.T.[Nathan T.],
Background Learning for Robust Face Recognition With PCA in the Presence of Clutter,
IP(14), No. 6, June 2005, pp. 832-843.
IEEE DOI 0505
BibRef
Earlier:
Robust Face Recognition in the Presence of Clutter,
AVBPA03(1-9).
Springer DOI 0310
BibRef

Punnappurath, A.[Abhijith], Rajagopalan, A.N.[Ambasamudram Narayanan],
Recognizing blurred, nonfrontal, illumination, and expression variant partially occluded faces,
JOSA-A(33), No. 9, September 2016, pp. 1887-1900.
DOI Link 1609
Image processing BibRef

Fleuret, F.[Francois], Geman, D.[Donald],
Coarse-to-Fine Face Detection,
IJCV(41), No. 1-2, January-February 2001, pp. 85-107.
DOI Link 0105
BibRef

Chen, C.C.[Chi-Chyang], Hsu, C.W.[Chiun-Wen], Lin, T.L.[Te-Lung],
Image prediction using face detection and triangulation,
PRL(22), No. 13, November 2001, pp. 1347-1357.
Elsevier DOI 0108
BibRef

Pham, T.V.[Thang V.], Worring, M.[Marcel], Smeulders, A.W.M.[Arnold W.M.],
Face detection by aggregated Bayesian network classifiers,
PRL(23), No. 4, February 2002, pp. 451-461.
Elsevier DOI 0202
BibRef

Yang, M.H.[Ming-Hsuan], Kriegman, D.J.[David J.], Ahuja, N.[Narendra],
Face Detection Using Multimodal Density Models,
CVIU(84), No. 2, November 2001, pp. 264-284.
DOI Link 0203
BibRef

Yang, M.H.[Ming-Hsuan], Ahuja, N.[Narendra], Kriegman, D.J.[David J.],
Face Detection Using Mixtures of Linear Subspaces,
AFGR00(70-76).
IEEE DOI
PS File. 0003
BibRef
Earlier:
Face Recognition Using Kernel Eigenfaces,
ICIP00(Vol I: 37-40).
IEEE DOI
PDF File. 0008
BibRef
Earlier:
Face Detection using a Mixture of Factor Analyzers,
ICIP99(III:612-616).
IEEE DOI
PS File. BibRef

Yang, M.H.[Ming-Hsuan],
Discriminant Isometric Mapping for Face Recognition,
CVS03(470 ff).
Springer DOI 0306
BibRef
Earlier:
Face recognition using extended isomap,
ICIP02(II: 117-120).
IEEE DOI 0210
BibRef

Yang, M.H.[Ming-Hsuan],
Kernel Eigenfaces vs. Kernel Fisherfaces: Face Recognition Using Kernel Methods,
AFGR02(205-211).
IEEE DOI 0206
BibRef
Earlier:
Empirical Studies of Kernel Methods for Face Recognition,
EEMCV01(xx-yy). 0110
BibRef

Koh, L.H.[Lian Hock], Ranganath, S.[Surendra], Venkatesh, Y.V.,
An integrated automatic face detection and recognition system,
PR(35), No. 6, June 2002, pp. 1259-1273.
WWW Link. 0203
BibRef

Koh, L.H., Ranganath, S., Lee, M.W., Venkatesth, Y.V.,
An integrated face detection and recognition system,
CIAP99(532-537).
IEEE DOI 9909
BibRef

Elad, M.[Michael], Hel-Or, Y.[Yacov], Keshet, R.[Renato],
Rejection based classifier for face detection,
PRL(23), No. 12, October 2002, pp. 1459-1471.
Elsevier DOI 0206
BibRef

Ayinde, O.[Olugbenga], Yang, Y.H.[Yee-Hong],
Region-based face detection,
PR(35), No. 10, October 2002, pp. 2095-2107.
WWW Link. 0206
BibRef

Muller, N.[Neil], Herbst, B.M.,
On the Use of SDF-Type Filters for Distortion Parameter Estimation,
PAMI(24), No. 11, November 2002, pp. 1521-1528.
IEEE Abstract. 0211
BibRef
Earlier:
On the Use of SDF-Type Filters for Distortion Invariant Image Location,
ICPR00(Vol III: 526-529).
IEEE DOI 0009
Study of discriminant functions ( See also Multivariant Techniques for Multiclass Pattern Recognition. ), applied to face location. BibRef

Wu, J.X.[Jian-Xin], Zhou, Z.H.[Zhi-Hua],
Efficient face candidates selector for face detection,
PR(36), No. 5, May 2003, pp. 1175-1186.
WWW Link. 0301
BibRef

Lewis, M.B.[Michael B.], Ellis, H.D.[Hadyn D.],
How we detect a face: A survey of psychological evidence,
IJIST(13), No. 1, 2003, pp. 3-7.
DOI Link 0308
Survey, Face Detection. BibRef

Kouzani, A.Z.,
Locating human faces within images,
CVIU(91), No. 3, September 2003, pp. 247-279.
WWW Link. 0310
BibRef

Kouzani, A.Z.,
Lighting Normalisation for Face Recognition,
ICIP05(II: 930-933).
IEEE DOI 0512
BibRef

Yang, G.Z.[Guang-Zheng], Huang, T.S.[Thomas S.],
Human face detection in a complex background,
PR(27), No. 1, January 1994, pp. 53-63.
WWW Link. 0401
BibRef
Earlier:
Human face detection in a scene,
CVPR93(453-458).
IEEE DOI 0403
BibRef
Earlier:
Finding human faces in a picture,
CAIP93(766-769).
Springer DOI 9309
BibRef

Kresch, R.[Renato],
System and method for face detection using candidate image region selection,
US_Patent6,463,163, Oct 8, 2002
WWW Link. BibRef 0210

Li, S.Z.[Stan Z.], Lu, J.W.[Ju-Wei],
Face Detection, Alignment, and Recognition,
ETCV04(Chapter 9). Survey, Face Detection. BibRef 0400

Viola, P.A.[Paul A.], Jones, M.J.[Michael J.],
Robust Real-Time Face Detection,
IJCV(57), No. 2, May 2004, pp. 137-154.
DOI Link 0402
BibRef
Earlier: ICCV01(II: 747).
IEEE DOI 0106
BibRef
And:
Rapid Object Detection using a Boosted Cascade of Simple Features,
CVPR01(I:511-518).
IEEE DOI Award, Longuet-Higgins. 0110
Cascades of boosted ensembles. Landmark detection. Find the eyes, nose, mouth. Code: See also Analysis of the Viola-Jones Face Detection Algorithm, An. BibRef

Viola, P.A.[Paul A.], Jones, M.J.[Michael J.],
Object recognition system,
US_Patent7,031,499, Apr 18, 2006
WWW Link. BibRef 0604

Kinjo, N.[Naoto],
Method and device for extracting principal image subjects,
US_Patent6,529,630, Mar 4, 2003
WWW Link. BibRef 0303

Xiao, R., Li, M.J., Zhang, H.J.,
Robust Multipose Face Detection in Images,
CirSysVideo(14), No. 1, January 2004, pp. 31-41.
IEEE Abstract. 0402
BibRef

Liu, Z.[Zhi], Yang, J.[Jie], Peng, N.S.[Ning Song],
An efficient face segmentation algorithm based on binary partition tree,
SP:IC(20), No. 4, April 2005, pp. 295-314.
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Hotta, K.[Kazuhiro], Tanaka, M.[Masaru], Kurita, T.[Takio], Mishima, T.[Taketoshi],
An Efficient Search Method Based on Dynamic Attention Map by Ising Model,
IEICE(E88-D), No. 10, October 2005, pp. 2286-2295.
DOI Link 0510
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1, A3, A4:
Dynamic Attention Map by Ising Model for Human Face Detection,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1044-1046).
IEEE DOI 9808
BibRef

Kurita, T., Tanaka, M., Hotta, K., Shimai, H., Mishima, T.,
Efficient Face Detection from News Images by Adaptive Estimation of Prior Probabilities and Ising Search,
ICPR00(Vol II: 917-920).
IEEE DOI
IEEE DOI 0009
BibRef

Park, B.G.[Bo-Gun], Lee, K.M.[Kyoung-Mu], Lee, S.U.[Sang-Uk],
Face Recognition Using Face-ARG Matching,
PAMI(27), No. 12, December 2005, pp. 1982-1988.
IEEE DOI 0512
Attributed relational graphs. Match partial graphs to deal with expressions. BibRef

Jeon, B.H.[Byeong Hwan], Lee, S.U.[Sang Uk], Lee, K.M.[Kyoung Mu],
Face detection using the 1st-order RCE classifer,
ICIP02(II: 125-128).
IEEE DOI 0210
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A3, A2:
Rotation Invariant Face Detection Using a Model-Based Clustering Algorithm,
ICME00(TP10). 0007
BibRef

Kim, T.[Tae], Lee, K.M.[Kyoung Mu], Lee, S.U.[Sang Uk], Yim, C.H.[Chung-Hyuk],
Occlusion Invariant Face Recognition Using Two-Dimensional PCA,
VISAPP06(305-315).
Springer DOI 0711
BibRef

Oh, H.J.[Hyun Jun], Lee, K.M.[Kyoung Mu], Lee, S.U.[Sang Uk],
Occlusion invariant face recognition using selective local non-negative matrix factorization basis images,
IVC(26), No. 11, 1 November 2008, pp. 1515-1523.
WWW Link. 0804
Face recognition; Occlusion invariant; Selective local non-negative matrix factorization BibRef

Oh, H.J.[Hyun Jun], Lee, K.M.[Kyoung Mu], Lee, S.U.[Sang Uk], Yim, C.H.[Chung-Hyuk],
Occlusion Invariant Face Recognition Using Selective LNMF Basis Images,
ACCV06(I:120-129).
Springer DOI 0601
BibRef

Colombo, A.[Alessandro], Cusano, C.[Claudio], Schettini, R.[Raimondo],
3D face detection using curvature analysis,
PR(39), No. 3, March 2006, pp. 444-455.
WWW Link. 0601
BibRef

Colombo, A.[Alessandro], Cusano, C.[Claudio], Schettini, R.[Raimondo],
Gappy PCA Classification for Occlusion Tolerant 3D Face Detection,
JMIV(33), No. 3, November 2009, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI 0909
BibRef
Earlier:
Recognizing Faces In 3D Images Even In Presence Of Occlusions,
BTAS08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0809
BibRef
Earlier:
Face^3 a 2D+3D Robust Face Recognition System,
CIAP07(393-398).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Colombo, A.[Alessandro], Cusano, C.[Claudio], Schettini, R.[Raimondo],
Three-Dimensional Occlusion Detection and Restoration of Partially Occluded Faces,
JMIV(40), No. 1, May 2011, pp. 105-119.
WWW Link. 1103
BibRef

Huang, L.L.[Lin-Lin], Shimizu, A.[Akinobu],
A multi-expert approach for robust face detection,
PR(39), No. 9, September 2006, pp. 1695-1703.
WWW Link. Keywords: Face detection; Pattern classifier; Multiple experts; Polynomial neural network classifier; Combination 0606
BibRef

Huang, L.L.[Lin-Lin], Shimizu, A.[Akinobu], Kobatake, H.,
A multi-expert approach for robust face detection,
ICPR04(III: 942-945).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef

Le, D.D.[Duy-Dinh], Satoh, S.[Shin'ichi],
A Multi-Stage Approach to Fast Face Detection,
IEICE(E89-D), No. 7, July 2006, pp. 2275-2285.
DOI Link 0607
BibRef
Earlier: BMVC05(xx-yy).
HTML Version. 0509
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Jin, L.[Lizuo], Satoh, S., Sakauchi, M.,
A novel adaptive image enhancement algorithm for face detection,
ICPR04(IV: 843-848).
IEEE DOI 0409
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Kadoury, S.[Samuel], Levine, M.D.[Martin D.],
Face detection in gray scale images using locally linear embeddings,
CVIU(105), No. 1, January 2007, pp. 1-20.
WWW Link. 0701
BibRef
Earlier:
Finding Faces in Gray Scale Images Using Locally Linear Embeddings,
CIVR06(221-230).
Springer DOI 0607
Locally linear embedding; Machine learning; Support vector machines; Head pose; Illumination; Facial expression; Occlusion; Aging BibRef

Toews, M.[Matthew], Arbel, T.[Tal],
A Statistical Parts-Based Model of Anatomical Variability,
MedImg(26), No. 4, April 2007, pp. 497-508.
IEEE DOI 0704
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And: Correction: MedImg(26), No. 5, May 2007, pp. 757-757.
IEEE DOI BibRef
And:
Detecting, Localizing and Classifying Visual Traits from Arbitrary Viewpoints Using Probabilistic Local Feature Modeling,
AMFG07(154-167).
Springer DOI 0710
BibRef
Earlier:
Detection Over Viewpoint via the Object Class Invariant,
ICPR06(I: 765-768).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef
And:
Detecting and Localizing 3D Object Classes using Viewpoint Invariant Reference Frames,
ICCV07(1-8).
IEEE DOI 0710
Object class appearance. Learn relation between scale invariant image features and geometric structure. Faces, with appearance variations. See also Detection, Localization, and Sex Classification of Faces from Arbitrary Viewpoints and under Occlusion. BibRef

You, Q.[Qubo], Zheng, N.N.[Nan-Ning], Du, S.Y.[Shao-Yi], Wu, Y.[Yang],
Neighborhood Discriminant Projection for Face Recognition,
PRL(28), No. 10, 15 July 2007, pp. 1156-1163.
WWW Link. 0706
BibRef
Earlier: ICPR06(II: 532-535).
IEEE DOI 0609
Face recognition; Manifold learning; Within-class submanifold; Between-class submanifold; Linear subspace BibRef

Nosaka, R.[Ryusuke], Ohkawa, Y.[Yasuhiro], Fukui, K.[Kazuhiro],
Feature Extraction Based on Co-occurrence of Adjacent Local Binary Patterns,
PSIVT11(II: 82-91).
Springer DOI 1111
micropatterns. BibRef

Li, X.[Xi], Fukui, K.[Kazuhiro], Zheng, N.N.[Nan-Ning],
Image-Set Based Face Recognition Using Boosted Global and Local Principal Angles,
ACCV09(I: 323-332).
Springer DOI 0909
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Kim, T.K.[Tae-Kyun], Kittler, J.V.[Josef V.],
Composite Support Vector Machines with Extended Discriminative Features for Accurate Face Detection,
IEICE(E88-D), No. 10, October 2005, pp. 2373-2379.
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Chen, L.B.[Long-Bin], Hu, B.G.[Bao-Gang], Zhang, L.[Lei], Li, M.J.[Ming-Jing], Zhang, H.J.[Hong-Jiang],
Face Annotation for Family Photo Album Management,
IJIG(3), No. 1, January 2003, pp. 81-94. 0301
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Malagon-Borja, L.[Luis], Fuentes, O.[Olac],
Object detection using image reconstruction with PCA,
IVC(27), No. 1-2, January 2009, pp. 2-9.
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Earlier:
An Object Detection System using Image Reconstruction with PCA,
CRV05(2-8).
IEEE DOI 0505
Object detection; Pedestrian detection; Principal Component Analysis; Support Vector Machines BibRef

Ramirez, G.A.[Geovany A.], Fuentes, O.[Olac],
Multi-Pose Face Detection with Asymmetric Haar Features,
WACV08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0801
BibRef
Earlier:
Face Detection Using Combinations of Classifiers,
CRV05(610-615).
IEEE DOI 0505
See also Street Detection with Asymmetric Haar Features. BibRef

Zheng, J.[Jun], Ramírez, G.A.[Geovany A.], Fuentes, O.[Olac],
Face Detection in Low-Resolution Color Images,
ICIAR10(I: 454-463).
Springer DOI 1006
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Destrero, A.[Augusto], de Mol, C.[Christine], Odone, F.[Francesca], Verri, A.[Alessandro],
A Sparsity-Enforcing Method for Learning Face Features,
IP(18), No. 1, January 2009, pp. 188-201.
IEEE DOI 0812
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And:
A Regularized Approach to Feature Selection for Face Detection,
ACCV07(II: 881-890).
Springer DOI 0711
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Destrero, A.[Augusto], de Mol, C.[Christine], Odone, F.[Francesca], Verri, A.[Alessandro],
A Regularized Framework for Feature Selection in Face Detection and Authentication,
IJCV(83), No. 2, June 2009, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI 0903
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Destrero, A.[Augusto], Odone, F.[Francesca], Verri, A.[Alessandro],
A system for face detection and tracking in unconstrained environments,
AVSBS07(499-504).
IEEE DOI 0709
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And:
A trainable system for face detection in unconstrained environments,
CIAP07(407-412).
IEEE DOI 0709
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Steinberg, E.[Eran], Corcoran, P.[Peter],
Perfecting of digital image rendering parameters within rendering devices using face detection,
US_Patent7,315,630, Jan 1, 2008
WWW Link. BibRef 0801
And:
Digital image processing composition using face detection information,
US_Patent7,317,815, Jan 8, 2008
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And:
Perfecting the optics within a digital image acquisition device using face detection,
US_Patent7,362,368, Apr 22, 2008
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Steinberg, E.[Eran],
Digital image adjustable compression and resolution using face detection information,
US_Patent7,269,292, Sep 11, 2007
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Ho, E.[Edwin], Lennon, A.J.[Alison Joan],
Face detection in digital images,
US_Patent6,661,907, Dec 9, 2003
WWW Link. BibRef 0312

Ho, E.[Edwin], Lennon, A.J.[Alison Joan], Bradley, A.P.[Andrew Peter],
Face detection in digital images,
US_Patent7,218,759, May 15, 2007
WWW Link. BibRef 0705

Farrugia, N., Mamalet, F., Roux, S., Yang, F., Paindavoine, M.,
Fast and Robust Face Detection on a Parallel Optimized Architecture Implemented on FPGA,
CirSysVideo(19), No. 4, April 2009, pp. 597-602.
IEEE DOI 0906
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Tsao, W.K.[Wen-Kwang], Lee, A.J.T.[Anthony J.T.], Liu, Y.H.[Ying-Ho], Chang, T.W.[Ting-Wei], Lin, H.H.[Hsiu-Hui],
A data mining approach to face detection,
PR(43), No. 3, March 2010, pp. 1039-1049.
Elsevier DOI 1001
Face detection; Feature pattern; Maximal frequent pattern; Data mining; Support vector machine BibRef

Ozkan, D.[Derya], Duygulu, P.[Pýnar],
Interesting faces: A graph-based approach for finding people in news,
PR(43), No. 5, May 2010, pp. 1717-1735.
Elsevier DOI 1003
BibRef
Earlier:
A Graph Based Approach for Naming Faces in News Photos,
CVPR06(II: 1477-1482).
IEEE DOI 0606
BibRef
And:
Finding People Frequently Appearing in News,
CIVR06(173-182).
Springer DOI 0607
Face finding; Graph representation; Densest component; Interest points; News photos and videos. Associate text and face information. Reduce search by using only faces near when the name appears. Most similar subset is likely to be the person. BibRef

Golge, E.[Eren], Duygulu, P.[Pinar],
FAME: Face Association through Model Evolution,
AMFG15(43-49)
IEEE DOI 1510
Accuracy. Face images from query a name. BibRef

Sznitman, R.[Raphael], Jedynak, B.[Bruno],
Active Testing for Face Detection and Localization,
PAMI(32), No. 10, October 2010, pp. 1914-1920.
IEEE DOI 1008
Hierarchical model for face detection. BibRef

Yang, M.[Ming], Crenshaw, J.[James], Augustine, B.[Bruce], Mareachen, R.[Russell], Wu, Y.[Ying],
AdaBoost-based face detection for embedded systems,
CVIU(114), No. 11, November 2010, pp. 1116-1125.
Elsevier DOI 1011
Face detection; AdaBoost; FPGA; Genetic Algorithm BibRef

Yang, M.[Ming], Wu, Y.[Ying], Crenshaw, J.[James], Augustine, B.[Bruce], Mareachen, R.[Russell],
Face detection for automatic exposure control in handheld camera,
CVS06(17).
IEEE DOI 0602
BibRef

Vural, S.[Sadi], Mae, Y.S.[Yasu-Shi], Uvet, H.[Huseyin], Arai, T.[Tatsuo],
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PRL(33), No. 2, 15 January 2012, pp. 126-133.
Elsevier DOI 1112
Haar filters; Face detection; Multi-view; Object detection; Restricted environments BibRef

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CirSysVideo(21), No. 12, December 2011, pp. 1810-1821.
IEEE DOI 1112
BibRef
Earlier:
Face Recognition Using Sparse Representations and Manifold Learning,
ISVC10(I: 509-518).
Springer DOI 1011
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And:
Manifold Modeling with Learned Distance in Random Projection Space for Face Recognition,
ICPR10(653-656).
IEEE DOI 1008
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Earlier:
Random Projections for face detection under resource constraints,
ICIP09(1233-1236).
IEEE DOI 0911
BibRef

Johnson, M.[Matthew], Savakis, A.E.[Andreas E.],
L1-Grassmann manifolds for robust face recognition,
ICIP15(482-486)
IEEE DOI 1512
Grassmann manifolds BibRef

Zhou, W.[Weina], Dai, L.[Lin], Zou, Y.[Yao], Zeng, X.Y.[Xiao-Yang], Han, J.[Jun],
A High Speed Reconfigurable Face Detection Architecture Based on AdaBoost Cascade Algorithm,
IEICE(E95-D), No. 2, February 2012, pp. 383-391.
WWW Link. 1202
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Xiao, J.[Jian], Zhang, J.[Jinguo], Zhu, M.[Min], Yang, J.[Jun], Shi, L.X.[Long-Xing],
Fast AdaBoost-Based Face Detection System on a Dynamically Coarse Grain Reconfigurable Architecture,
IEICE(E95-D), No. 2, February 2012, pp. 392-402.
WWW Link. 1202
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Kawulok, M., Szymanek, J.,
Precise multi-level face detector for advanced analysis of facial images,
IET-IPR(6), No. 2, 2012, pp. 95-103.
DOI Link 1204
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Kalal, Z.[Zdenek], Mikolajczyk, K.[Krystian], Matas, J.[Jiri],
Tracking-Learning-Detection,
PAMI(34), No. 7, July 2012, pp. 1409-1422.
IEEE DOI 1205
BibRef
Earlier:
Face-TLD: Tracking-Learning-Detection applied to faces,
ICIP10(3789-3792).
IEEE DOI 1009
Long term tracking in video. Object by location and extent in frame. Decompose into T,L, and D. Tracker follows, Detector localizes and corrects tracker, Learning estimates errors and updates. See also TLD: Tracks the object, Learns its appearance and Detects. BibRef

Dupuis, Y., Savatier, X., Ertaud, J.Y., Vasseur, P.,
Robust Radial Face Detection for Omnidirectional Vision,
IP(22), No. 5, May 2013, pp. 1808-1821.
IEEE DOI 1303
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Hassaballah, M., Murakami, K.[Kenji], Ido, S.[Shun],
Face detection evaluation: a new approach based on the golden ratio ?,
SIViP(7), No. 2, March 2013, pp. 307-316.
WWW Link. 1303
Evaluation, Face Detection. BibRef

Zhai, Y.[Yikui], Gan, J.Y.[Jun-Ying], Li, J.W.[Jin-Wen], Zeng, J.Y.[Jun-Ying], Xu, Y.[Ying],
Real-Time Face Detection and Recognition via Local Binary Pattern Plus Sample Selective Biomimetic Pattern Recognition,
IEICE(E96-D), No. 3, March 2013, pp. 523-530.
WWW Link. 1303
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Taffar, M.[Mokhtar], Miguet, S.[Serge], Benmohammed, M.[Mohammed],
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IJCVR(3), No. 3, 2013, pp. 182-196.
DOI Link 1309
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Wang, D.Y.[Da-Yong], Hoi, S.C.H., He, Y.[Ying], Zhu, J.K.[Jian-Ke], Mei, T.[Tao], Luo, J.B.[Jie-Bo],
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PAMI(36), No. 3, March 2014, pp. 550-563.
IEEE DOI 1403
Detect human faces and assign them names. Web exploration, find similar faces. Use noisy labels approximation theory BibRef

Wang, Y.Q.[Yi-Qing],
An Analysis of the Viola-Jones Face Detection Algorithm,
IPOL(2014), No. 2014, pp. 128-148.
DOI Link 1407
Code, Face Detection. See also Robust Real-Time Face Detection. BibRef

Yan, J.J.[Jun-Jie], Zhang, X.Z.[Xu-Zong], Lei, Z.[Zhen], Li, S.Z.[Stan Z.],
Face detection by structural models,
IVC(32), No. 10, 2014, pp. 790-799.
Elsevier DOI 1410
Face detection See also Face liveness detection by exploring multiple scenic clues. BibRef

Yan, J.J.[Jun-Jie], Zhang, X.C.[Xu-Cong], Lei, Z.[Zhen], Yi, D.[Dong], Li, S.Z.,
Structural models for face detection,
FG13(1-6)
IEEE DOI 1309
face recognition BibRef

Pamplona Segundo, M., Silva, L., Bellon, O.R.P., Sarkar, S.,
Orthogonal projection images for 3D face detection,
PRL(50), No. 1, 2014, pp. 72-81.
Elsevier DOI 1410
3D face detection BibRef

Jin, J.[Jing], Xu, B.[Bin], Liu, X.L.[Xiao-Liang], Wang, Y.Q.[Yuan-Qing], Cao, L.Q.[Li-Qun], Han, L.[Lei], Zhou, B.[Biye], Li, M.G.[Ming-Gao],
A face detection and location method based on Feature Binding,
SP:IC(36), No. 1, 2015, pp. 179-189.
Elsevier DOI 1509
Feature Binding BibRef

Liao, S., Jain, A.K., Li, S.Z.,
A Fast and Accurate Unconstrained Face Detector,
PAMI(38), No. 2, February 2016, pp. 211-223.
IEEE DOI 1601
Detectors BibRef

Mattheij, R.[Ruud], Groeneveld, K.[Kim], Postma, E.[Eric], van den Herik, H.J.[H. Jaap],
Depth-based detection with region comparison features,
JVCIR(38), No. 1, 2016, pp. 82-99.
Elsevier DOI 1605
Face detection BibRef

Wang, D.[Dong], Yang, J.[Jing], Deng, J.K.[Jian-Kang], Liu, Q.S.[Qing-Shan],
FaceHunter: A multi-task convolutional neural network based face detector,
SP:IC(47), No. 1, 2016, pp. 476-481.
Elsevier DOI 1610
Face detection BibRef

Murphy, T.M.[Thomas M.], Broussard, R.[Randy], Schultz, R.[Robert], Rakvic, R.N.[Ryan N.], Ngo, H.[Hau],
Face detection with a Viola-Jones based hybrid network,
IET-Bio(6), No. 3, May 2017, pp. 200-210.
DOI Link 1704
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Torfason, R.[Robert], Agustsson, E.[Eirikur], Rothe, R.[Rasmus], Timofte, R.[Radu],
From Face Images and Attributes to Attributes,
ACCV16(III: 313-329).
Springer DOI 1704
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Rothe, R.[Rasmus], Timofte, R.[Radu], Van Gool, L.J.[Luc J.],
Some Like It Hot: Visual Guidance for Preference Prediction,
CVPR16(5553-5561)
IEEE DOI 1612
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Deng, J.J.[Jing-Jing], Xie, X.H.[Xiang-Hua],
Nested Shallow CNN-Cascade for Face Detection in the Wild,
FG17(165-172)
IEEE DOI 1707
Detectors, Face, Face detection, Feature extraction, Training, Visualization BibRef

Deng, J.J.[Jing-Jing], Xie, X.H.[Xiang-Hua], Edwards, M.[Michael],
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Kiranyaz, S., Waris, M.A., Ahmad, I., Hamila, R., Gabbouj, M.,
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ICIP16(2306-2310)
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Fric, V.[Vojtech],
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ICIAR16(333-340).
Springer DOI 1608
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Wilber, M.J.[Michael J.], Shmatikov, V., Belongie, S.J.[Serge J.],
Can we still avoid automatic face detection?,
WACV16(1-9)
IEEE DOI 1606
Detectors;Face;Face detection;Face recognition;Facebook;Privacy BibRef

Zhou, M.Y.[Ming-Yuan], Lin, H.T.[Hai-Ting], Yu, J.Y.[Jing-Yi], Young, S.S.,
Hybrid sensing face detection and recognition,
AIPR15(1-9)
IEEE DOI 1605
cameras BibRef

Yan, W.Q.[Wei Qi], Kankanhalli, M.S.[Mohan S.],
Face Search in Encrypted Domain,
PSIVT15(775-790).
Springer DOI 1602
Process the encrypted image directly. BibRef

Nguyen, D.L.[Dinh-Luan], Nguyen, V.T.[Vinh-Tiep], Tran, M.T.[Minh-Triet], Yoshitaka, A.[Atsuo],
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Springer DOI 1602
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Aldea, E.[Emanuel], Marastoni, D.[Davide], Kiyani, K.H.[Khurom H.],
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HIS14(665-679).
Springer DOI 1504
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Ge, Z.[Zhubei], Cai, C.H.[Can-Hui], Zeng, H.Q.[Huan-Qiang], Zhu, J.Q.[Jian-Qing], Ma, K.K.[Kai-Kuang],
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RoLoD14(725-734).
Springer DOI 1504
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Benzaoui, A., Bourouba, H., Boukrouche, A.,
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IPTA12(354-358)
IEEE DOI 1503
discrete cosine transforms BibRef

Dupuis, Y., Quispe, A.M.[A. Mendoza], Vasseur, P., Castaneda, B., Ragot, N.,
Enhanced omnidirectional image unwrapping for face detection,
ICIP14(263-267)
IEEE DOI 1502
Detectors BibRef

Conotter, V., Bodnari, E., Boato, G., Farid, H.,
Physiologically-based detection of computer generated faces in video,
ICIP14(248-252)
IEEE DOI 1502
Computers BibRef

Hassaballah, M., Ahmed, M.[Mourad],
On using Hough forests for robust face detection,
ICIP14(273-277)
IEEE DOI 1502
Databases BibRef

Zhang, Y.P.[Yu-Peng], Lu, Y.H.[Yu-Heng], Nagahara, H.[Hajime], Taniguchi, R.I.[Rin-Ichiro],
Anonymous Camera for Privacy Protection,
ICPR14(4170-4175)
IEEE DOI 1412
Cameras BibRef

Fletcher, S.[Sam], Islam, M.Z.[M. Zahidul],
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ICPR14(3594-3599)
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Chiu, Y.I.[Yi-I], Hsu, R.Y.[Ru-Yun], Huang, C.R.[Chun-Rong],
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Mathias, M.[Markus], Benenson, R.[Rodrigo], Pedersoli, M.[Marco], Van Gool, L.J.[Luc J.],
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ECCV14(IV: 720-735).
Springer DOI 1408
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Sanket, N.J., Manikantan, K., Ramachandran, S.,
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NCVPRIPG13(1-4)
IEEE DOI 1408
discrete cosine transforms BibRef

Hassaballah, M., Ahmed, M.[Mourad],
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CompIMAGE14(375-386).
Springer DOI 1407
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Pereira, E.T.[Eanes Torres], Gomes, H.M.[Herman Martins], de Carvalho, J.M.[João Marques],
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MCPR14(182-191).
Springer DOI 1407
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Lancaster, M., Green, R.,
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IVCNZ13(276-281)
IEEE DOI 1402
face recognition BibRef

Jain, V.[Vidit], Farfade, S.S.[Sachin Sudhakar],
Adapting Classification Cascades to New Domains,
ICCV13(105-112)
IEEE DOI 1403
Face detection; classification cascades; domain adaptation BibRef

Bagdanov, A.D.[Andrew D.], del Bimbo, A.[Alberto], Lisanti, G.[Giuseppe], Masi, I.[Iacopo],
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ICIP12(1469-1472).
IEEE DOI 1302
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Ma, K.[Kai], Ben-Arie, J.[Jezekiel],
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CVPR12(3186-3193).
IEEE DOI 1208
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Kwak, I.S.[Iljung S.], Murillo, A.C.[Ana C.], Belhumeur, P.[Peter], Kriegman, D.J.[David J.], Belongie, S.J.[Serge J.],
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Goodrich, B.[Ben], Arel, I.[Itamar],
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IEEE DOI 1207
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Logesh, S., Bharathi, S.A.[S. Arun], Chandra Mouli, P.V.S.S.R.,
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Tan, T., Elenein, Y.A.[Y. Abou], Mariani, R.,
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Lo, P.Y.[Pei-Yu], Shih, S.W.[Sheng-Wen], Liu, J.C.[Jen-Chang], Hong, J.S.[Jen-Shin],
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Hajati, F.[Farshid], Lucas, C.[Caro], Gao, Y.S.[Yong-Sheng],
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Hsu, G.S.[Gee-Sern], Tran, T.H.[Thu Ha], Chung, S.L.[Sheng-Lun],
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Hu, Y.[Yuan], Yan, J.Q.[Jing-Qi], Li, W.[Wei], Shi, P.F.[Peng-Fei],
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Yeh, M.C.[Mei-Chen], Zhang, S.[Sheng], Cheng, K.T.[Kwang-Ting],
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Hanai, Y.[Yuya], Kuroda, T.[Tadahiro],
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Wong, W.S.[Wei-Su], Chen, C.R.[Chih-Rung], Chiu, C.T.[Ching-Te],
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Neshatian, K., Zhang, M.J.[Meng-Jie],
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Ephraim, T.[Theo], Himmelman, T.[Tristan], Siddiqi, K.[Kaleem],
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Farajzadeh, N.[Nacer], Faez, K.[Karim],
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Belle, V.[Vaishak], Deselaers, T.[Thomas], Schiffer, S.[Stefan],
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Pal, A.,
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Arandjelovic, O.D.[Ognjen D.],
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Lee, T.H.[Tae-Hoon],
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Telatar, Z.[Ziya], Saz, M.H.[Murat H.], Muhammad, I.[Irfan],
Neural Network Based Face Detection from Pre-scanned and Row-Column Decomposed Average Face Image,
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Lin, D.[Dahua], Tang, X.[Xiaoou],
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CVPR07(1-7).
IEEE DOI 0706
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Moeslund, T.B.[Thomas B.], Petersen, J.S.[Jess S.], Skalski, L.D.[Lasse D.],
Face Detection Using Multiple Cues,
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Foucher, S., Gagnon, L.,
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Shimanuki, H.[Hiroshi], Kato, J.[Jien], Watanabe, T.[Toyohide],
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Bauckhage, C.[Christian], Kaster, T.[Thomas],
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Bauckhage, C.[Christian], Tsotsos, J.K.[John K.],
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Ryu, H.J.[Han-Jin], Yoon, J.C.[Ja-Cheon], Chun, S.S.[Seung Soo], Sull, S.H.[Sang-Hoon],
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Hayashi, S.J.[Shin-Ji], Hasegawa, O.[Osamu],
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IEEE DOI 0606
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Springer DOI 0601
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Earlier:
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Demirkir, C.[Cem], Sankur, B.[Bülent],
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IEEE DOI 0312
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Fröba, B.[Bernhard], Ernst, A.[Andreas],
Fast Frontal-View Face Detection Using a Multi-path Decision Tree,
AVBPA03(921-928).
Springer DOI 0310
BibRef

Fröba, B.[Bernhard], Külbeck, C.[Christian],
Real-Time Face Detection Using Edge-Orientation Matching,
AVBPA01(78).
Springer DOI 0310
BibRef

Dass, S.C.[Sarat C.], Jain, A.K.[Anil K.],
Markov Face Models,
ICCV01(II: 680-687).
IEEE DOI 0106
BibRef

Dass, S.C., Jain, A.K., Lu, X.,
Face Detection and Synthesis Using Markov Random Field Models,
ICPR02(IV: 201-204).
IEEE DOI 0211
BibRef

Araki, Y., Shimada, N., Shirai, Y.,
Detection of faces of various directions in complex backgrounds,
ICPR02(I: 409-412).
IEEE DOI 0211
BibRef

Bang, R.D.[Richard D.], Fang, M.[Ming], Schwartz, S.C.[Stuart C.], Andress, K.M.[Keith M.],
Apparatus and method for detecting a face in a video image,
US_Patent5,715,325, Feb 3, 1998
WWW Link. BibRef 9802

Zhu, Y.[Ying], Schwartz, S.C.[Stuart C.],
Efficient face detection with multiscale sequential classification,
ICIP02(II: 121-124).
IEEE DOI 0210
BibRef

Zhu, Y.[Ying], Schwartz, S.C.[Stuart C.], Orchard, M.[Michael],
Fast Face Detection using Subspace Discriminant Wavelet Features,
CVPR00(I: 636-642).
IEEE DOI 0005
BibRef

Kurita, T., Taguchi, T.,
A Modification of Kernel-Based Fisher Discriminant Analysis for Face Detection,
AFGR02(285-290).
IEEE DOI 0206
BibRef

Torralba, A.[Antonio], Sinha, P.[Pawan],
Detecting Faces in Impoverished Images,
MIT AIM-2001-028, November 2001.
WWW Link. 0205
BibRef

Yang, M.H., Roth, D., Ahuja, N.,
Face Detection Using Large Margin Classifiers,
ICIP01(II: 665-668).
IEEE DOI 0108
BibRef

Jesorsky, O.[Oliver], Kirchberg, K.J.[Klaus J.], Frischholz, R.W.[Robert W.],
Robust Face Detection Using the Hausdorff Distance,
AVBPA01(90-95).
Springer DOI
PDF File. Hausdorff model-based BibRef 0100

Rihan, J.[Jonathan], Kohli, P.[Pushmeet], Torr, P.H.S.[Philip H. S.],
OBJCUT for Face Detection,
ICCVGIP06(576-584).
Springer DOI 0612
BibRef

Romdhani, S.[Sami], Torr, P.H.S.[Phil H.S.], Scholkopf, B.[Bernhard], Blake, A.[Andrew],
Computationally Efficient Face Detection,
ICCV01(II: 695-700).
IEEE DOI 0106
BibRef

Schneiderman, H.[Henry],
Object finder for two-dimensional images, and system for determining a set of sub-classifiers composing an object finder,
US_Patent7,194,114, Mar 20, 2007
WWW Link. BibRef 0703

Schneiderman, H.[Henry],
Learning Statistical Structure for Object Detection,
CAIP03(434-441).
Springer DOI 0311
BibRef
Earlier:
A Statistical Approach to 3D Object Detection Applied to Faces and Cars,
CMU-RI-TR-00-06, May 2000. BibRef Ph.D.Thesis. CMU. 0102
BibRef

Schneiderman, H.[Henry], Kanade, T.[Takeo],
A Statistical Method for 3D Object Detection Applied to Faces and Cars,
CVPR00(I: 746-751).
IEEE DOI 0005
BibRef
And:
A Histogram-based Method for Detection of Faces and Cars,
ICIP00(Vol III: 504-507).
IEEE DOI 0008
BibRef
And:
Frontal Face Images,

WWW Link. Dataset, Faces. Combined CMU MIT face dataset. BibRef

CMU Profile Face Images,
2000.
HTML Version. Dataset, Faces.

Howell, A.J.[A. Jonathan], Buxton, H.[Hilary],
Face Detection and Attentional Frames for Visually Mediated Interaction,
HUMO00(143-148).
IEEE Top Reference. 0010
See also Gesture Recognition for Visually Mediated Interaction. BibRef

Meng, L., Nguyen, T.,
Two Subspace Methods to Discriminate Faces and Clutters,
ICIP00(Vol II: 215-218).
IEEE DOI 0008
BibRef

Vogelhuber, V.[Veronika], Schmid, C.[Cordelia],
Face Detection Based on Generic Local Descriptors and Spatial Constraints,
ICPR00(Vol I: 1084-1087).
IEEE DOI 0009
BibRef

Gu, Q., Li, S.Z.,
Combining Feature Optimization Into Neural Network Based Face Detection,
ICPR00(Vol II: 814-817).
IEEE DOI
IEEE DOI 0009
BibRef

Fouad, M.A., Darwish, A.M., Bayoumi, F., Shaheen, S.I.,
Model-Based Human Face Detection in Unconstrained Scenes,
ICIP00(Vol II: 227-230).
IEEE DOI 0008
BibRef

Tsapatsoulis, N., Avrithis, Y.S., Kollias, S.D.,
Efficient Face Detection for Multimedia Applications,
ICIP00(Vol II: 247-250).
IEEE DOI 0008
BibRef

Lv, X.G.[Xiao-Guang], Zhou, J.[Jie], Zhang, C.S.[Chang-Shui],
A Novel Algorithm for Rotated Human Face Detection,
CVPR00(I: 760-765).
IEEE DOI 0005
BibRef

Meng, L.[Lingmin], Nguyen, T.Q.[Truong Q.], Castañon, D.A.[David A.],
An Image-based Bayesian Framework for Face Detection,
CVPR00(I: 302-307).
IEEE DOI 0005
BibRef

Kim, S.H.[Sang-Hoon], Kim, H.G.[Hyoung-Gon],
Face Detection using Multi-modal Information,
AFGR00(14-19).
IEEE DOI 0003
BibRef

Ben-Yacoub, S., Fasel, B., Luttin, J.,
Fast Face Detection Using MLP and FFT,
AVBPA99(xx-yy). BibRef 9900

Huang, T.S.[Thomas S.], Colmenarez, A.J.[Antonio J.],
Pattern Detection with Information-Based Maximum Discrimination and Error Bootstrapping,
ICPR98(Vol I: 222-224).
IEEE DOI 9808
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1:
Face Detection with Information Based Maximum Discrimination,
CVPR97(782-787).
IEEE DOI 9704
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1:
Maximum likelihood face detection,
AFGR96(307-311).
IEEE DOI 9610
BibRef

Qian, R.J., Huang, T.S.,
Object Detection Using Hierarchical MRF and MAP Estimation,
CVPR97(186-192).
IEEE DOI 9704
Faces in single images using face templates. BibRef

Leroy, B., Herlin, I., Cohen, L.D.,
Face Identification by Deformation Measure,
ICPR96(III: 633-637).
IEEE DOI
PS File. 9608
(INRIA, Rocquencourt, F) BibRef

Tanaka, H.T., Ikeda, M., Chiaki, H.,
Curvature-Based Face Surface Recognition Using Spherical Correlation-Principal Directions for Curved Object Recognition,
AFGR98(372-377).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9800
Earlier: A1, A2 only: ICPR96(III: 638-642).
IEEE DOI 9608
(Ritsumeikan Univ., J). BibRef

Lew, M.S.,
Information theoretic view-based and modular face detection,
AFGR96(198-203).
IEEE DOI 9610
BibRef

Lew, M.S., Huijsmanns, N.,
Information Theory and Face Detection,
ICPR96(III: 601-605).
IEEE DOI 9608
(Leiden Univ., NL) BibRef

Hoogenboom, R., Lew, M.S.,
Face detection using local maxima,
AFGR96(334-339).
IEEE DOI 9610
BibRef

Huang, J., Gutta, S., Wechsler, H.,
Detection of human faces using decision trees,
AFGR96(248-252).
IEEE DOI 9610
BibRef

Dai, Y.[Ying], Nakano, Y.[Yasuaki], Miyao, H.,
Extraction of Facial Images from a Complex Background Using SGLD Matrices,
ICPR94(A:137-141).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9400

Chapter on Face Recognition, Detection, Tracking, Gesture Recognition, Fingerprints, Biometrics continues in
Localizing a Face in an Image, Face Localization .


Last update:Sep 22, 2017 at 21:00:01