22.5.11.1 Tree Crowns, Crown Shape, Crown Delineation

Chapter Contents (Back)
Tree Crowns. Crowns. See also Trees, Forest Canopy Analysis.

Pouliot, D.A., King, D.J., Bell, F.W., Pitt, D.G.,
Automated tree crown detection and delineation in high-resolution digital camera imagery of coniferous forest regeneration,
RSE(82), No. 2-3, October 2002, pp. 322-334.
HTML Version. 0210
BibRef

Lévesque, J.[Josée], King, D.J.[Douglas J.],
Spatial analysis of radiometric fractions from high-resolution multispectral imagery for modelling individual tree crown and forest canopy structure and health,
RSE(84), No. 4, 10 April 2003, pp. 589-602.
Elsevier DOI 0309
BibRef

Brandtberg, T.[Tomas], Warner, T.A.[Timothy A.], Landenberger, R.E.[Rick E.], McGraw, J.B.[James B.],
Detection and analysis of individual leaf-off tree crowns in small footprint, high sampling density lidar data from the eastern deciduous forest in North America,
RSE(85), No. 3, 30 May 2003, pp. 290-303.
Elsevier DOI 0309
BibRef

Wang, L.[Le], Gong, P.[Peng], Biging, G.S.[Gregory S.],
Individual Tree-Crown Delineation and Treetop Detection in High-Spatial-Resolution Aerial Imagery,
PhEngRS(70), No. 3, March 2004, pp. 351-358. A promising agreement between automatic methods and manual delineation results was achieved in counting the number of trees as well as in delineating tree crowns.
WWW Link. 0403
BibRef

Erikson, M.[Mats], Olofsson, K.[Kenneth],
Comparison of three individual tree crown detection methods,
MVA(16), No. 4, September 2005, pp. 258-265.
Springer DOI 0512
BibRef

Erikson, M.[Mats],
Structure-Preserving Segmentation of Individual Tree Crowns by Brownian Motion,
SCIA03(283-289).
Springer DOI 0310
BibRef
Earlier:
Structure-keeping Colour Segmentation of Tree Crowns in Aerial Images,
SCIA01(O-Tu1). 0206
BibRef

Koch, B.[Barbara], Heyder, U.[Ursula], Weinacker, H.[Holger],
Detection of Individual Tree Crowns in Airborne Lidar Data,
PhEngRS(72), No. 4, April 2006, pp. 357-364.
WWW Link. 0610
An approach to delineate tree crowns in mixed and deciduous temperate forests. BibRef

Gupta, S., Weinacker, H.[Holger], Koch, B.[Barbara],
Comparative Analysis of Clustering-Based Approaches for 3-D Single Tree Detection Using Airborne Fullwave Lidar Data,
RS(2), No. 4, April 2010, pp. 968-989.
DOI Link 1203
BibRef

Wang, Y., Weinacker, H.[Holger], Koch, B.[Barbara],
Development of a Procedure for Vertical Structure Analysis and 3D Single Tree Extraction within Forests Based on Lidar Point Cloud,
Laser07(419).
PDF File. 0709
BibRef

Koch, B.[Barbara],
Status and future of laser scanning, synthetic aperture radar and hyperspectral remote sensing data for forest biomass assessment,
PandRS(65), No. 6, November 2010, pp. 581-590.
Elsevier DOI 1101
Forest biomass mapping; Fullwave laser; Polarimetric SAR interferometry; Hyperspectral data; Multi-sensoral data BibRef

Gougeon, F.A.[François A.], Leckie, D.G.[Donald G.],
The Individual Tree Crown Approach Applied to Ikonos Images of a Coniferous Plantation Area,
PhEngRS(72), No. 11, November 2006, pp. 1287-1297.
WWW Link. 0704
An assessment of the effects of 1m and 4m resolution on the detection, delineation, and classification of individual tree crowns. BibRef

Solberg, S.[Svein], Naesset, E.[Erik], Bollandsas, O.M.[Ole Martin],
Single Tree Segmentation Using Airborne Laser Scanner Data in a Structurally Heterogeneous Spruce Forest,
PhEngRS(72), No. 12, December 2006, pp. 1369-1378.
WWW Link. 0704
A new method for single tree segmentation and algorithms for estimating crown base height are presented and tested. BibRef

Řrka, H.O., Naesset, E.[Erik], Bollandsĺs, O.M.[Ole Martin],
Utilizing Airborne Laser Intensity for Tree Species Classification,
Laser07(300).
PDF File. 0709
BibRef

Horváth, P.[Péter], Jermyn, I.H.[Ian H.], Kato, Z.[Zoltan], Zerubia, J.B.[Josiane B.],
A Higher-Order Active Contour Model of a 'Gas of Circles' and its Application to Tree Crown Extraction,
PR(42), No. 5, May 2009, pp. 699-709.
Elsevier DOI 0902
BibRef
Earlier:
An Improved 'Gas of Circles' Higher-Order Active Contour Model and Its Application to Tree Crown Extraction,
ICCVGIP06(152-161).
Springer DOI 0612
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A2, A4, A3:
A Higher-Order Active Contour Model for Tree Detection,
ICPR06(II: 130-133).
IEEE DOI 0609
See also Higher Order Active Contours. Tree; Crown; Extraction; Aerial image; Higher-order; Active contour; Gas of circles; Prior; Shape BibRef

Horváth, P.[Péter],
A Multispectral Data Model for Higher-Order Active Contours and Its Application to Tree Crown Extraction,
ACIVS07(200-211).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Horváth, P.[Peter], Jermyn, I.H.[Ian H.],
A New Phase Field Model of a 'Gas of Circles' for Tree Crown Extraction from Aerial Images,
CAIP07(702-709).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Perrin, G.[Guillaume], Descombes, X.[Xavier], Zerubia, J.B.[Josiane B.],
2D and 3D Vegetation Resource Parameters Assessment using Marked Point Processes,
ICPR06(I: 1-4).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef
And:
A Non-Bayesian Model for Tree Crown Extraction using Marked Point Processes,
INRIARR-5846, 2006.
HTML Version. BibRef
Earlier:
A Marked Point Process Model for Tree Crown Extraction in Plantations,
ICIP05(I: 661-664).
IEEE DOI 0512
BibRef
Earlier:
Point processes in forestry: an application to tree crown detection,
INRIARR-5544, 2005.
HTML Version. BibRef

Descombes, X.[Xavier], Minlos, R.[Robert], Zhizhina, E.[Elena],
Object Extraction Using a Stochastic Birth-and-Death Dynamics in Continuum,
JMIV(33), No. 3, March 2009, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI 0903
Tree crown extraction. BibRef

Arslan, F.[Fatih], Descombes, X.[Xavier], Zerubia, J.B.[Josiane B.],
Object extraction from high resolution SAR images using a birth and death dynamics,
ICIP09(561-564).
IEEE DOI 0911
BibRef

Daliakopoulos, I.N.[Ioannis N.], Grillakis, E.G.[Emmanouil G.], Koutroulis, A.G.[Aristeidis G.], Tsanis, I.K.[Ioannis K.],
Tree Crown Detection on Multispectral VHR Satellite Imagery,
PhEngRS(75), No. 10, October 2009, pp. 1201-1212.
WWW Link. 0910
A new method called Arbor Crown Enumerator was developed for tree crown detection from multispectral Very High Resolution satellite imagery. BibRef

Jung, S., Kwak, D., Park, T., Lee, W., Yoo, S.,
Estimating Crown Variables of Individual Trees Using Airborne and Terrestrial Laser Scanners,
RS(3), No. 11, November 2011, pp. 2346-2363.
DOI Link 1203
BibRef

Katoh, M., Gougeon, F.,
Improving the Precision of Tree Counting by Combining Tree Detection with Crown Delineation and Classification on Homogeneity Guided Smoothed High Resolution (50 cm) Multispectral Airborne Digital Data,
RS(4), No. 5, May 2012, pp. 1411-1424.
DOI Link 1205
BibRef

Hung, C.[Calvin], Bryson, M.[Mitch], Sukkarieh, S.[Salah],
Multi-class predictive template for tree crown detection,
PandRS(68), No. 1, March 2012, pp. 170-183.
Elsevier DOI 1204
Agriculture; Forestry; Vision; Mapping; Engineering; Robotics BibRef

Jing, L.[Linhai], Hu, B.X.[Bao-Xin], Noland, T.[Thomas], Li, J.[Jili],
An individual tree crown delineation method based on multi-scale segmentation of imagery,
PandRS(70), No. 1, June 2012, pp. 88-98.
Elsevier DOI 1206
Remote sensing; Forestry; Extraction; Imagery; Segmentation; Multiresolution BibRef

Lin, Y., Hyyppa, J.,
Multiecho-Recording Mobile Laser Scanning for Enhancing Individual Tree Crown Reconstruction,
GeoRS(50), No. 11, November 2012, pp. 4323-4332.
IEEE DOI 1210
BibRef

Zhen, Z.[Zhen], Quackenbush, L.J.[Lindi J.], Zhang, L.J.[Lian-Jun],
Impact of Tree-Oriented Growth Order in Marker-Controlled Region Growing for Individual Tree Crown Delineation Using Airborne Laser Scanner (ALS) Data,
RS(6), No. 1, 2014, pp. 555-579.
DOI Link 1402
BibRef

Zhao, Y.H.[Ying-Hui], Hao, Y.S.[Yuan-Shuo], Zhen, Z.[Zhen], Quan, Y.[Ying],
A Region-Based Hierarchical Cross-Section Analysis for Individual Tree Crown Delineation Using ALS Data,
RS(9), No. 10, 2017, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 1711
BibRef

Srinivasan, S.[Shruthi], Popescu, S.C.[Sorin C.], Eriksson, M.[Marian], Sheridan, R.D.[Ryan D.], Ku, N.W.[Nian-Wei],
Terrestrial Laser Scanning as an Effective Tool to Retrieve Tree Level Height, Crown Width, and Stem Diameter,
RS(7), No. 2, 2015, pp. 1877-1896.
DOI Link 1503
BibRef

Strîmbu, V.F.[Victor F.], Strîmbu, B.M.[Bogdan M.],
A graph-based segmentation algorithm for tree crown extraction using airborne LiDAR data,
PandRS(104), No. 1, 2015, pp. 30-43.
Elsevier DOI 1505
Individual tree crown (ITC) BibRef

Díaz-Varela, R.A.[Ramón A.], de la Rosa, R.[Raúl], León, L.[Lorenzo], Zarco-Tejada, P.J.[Pablo J.],
High-Resolution Airborne UAV Imagery to Assess Olive Tree Crown Parameters Using 3D Photo Reconstruction: Application in Breeding Trials,
RS(7), No. 4, 2015, pp. 4213-4232.
DOI Link 1505
BibRef

Mongus, D.[Domen], Žalik, B.[Borut],
An efficient approach to 3D single tree-crown delineation in LiDAR data,
PandRS(108), No. 1, 2015, pp. 219-233.
Elsevier DOI 1511
LiDAR BibRef

Horvat, D.[Denis], Žalik, B.[Borut], Mongus, D.[Domen],
Context-dependent detection of non-linearly distributed points for vegetation classification in airborne LiDAR,
PandRS(116), No. 1, 2016, pp. 1-14.
Elsevier DOI 1604
LiDAR BibRef

Clasen, A.[Anne], Somers, B.[Ben], Pipkins, K.[Kyle], Tits, L.[Laurent], Segl, K.[Karl], Brell, M.[Max], Kleinschmit, B.[Birgit], Spengler, D.[Daniel], Lausch, A.[Angela], Förster, M.[Michael],
Spectral Unmixing of Forest Crown Components at Close Range, Airborne and Simulated Sentinel-2 and EnMAP Spectral Imaging Scale,
RS(7), No. 11, 2015, pp. 15361.
DOI Link 1512
BibRef

Liu, T.[Tao], Im, J.[Jungho], Quackenbush, L.J.[Lindi J.],
A novel transferable individual tree crown delineation model based on Fishing Net Dragging and boundary classification,
PandRS(110), No. 1, 2015, pp. 34-47.
Elsevier DOI 1601
ITCD BibRef

Tao, S.L.[Sheng-Li], Wu, F.F.[Fang-Fang], Guo, Q.H.[Qing-Hua], Wang, Y.C.[Yong-Cai], Li, W.K.[Wen-Kai], Xue, B.L.[Bao-Lin], Hu, X.Y.[Xue-Yang], Li, P.[Peng], Tian, D.[Di], Li, C.[Chao], Yao, H.[Hui], Li, Y.[Yumei], Xu, G.C.[Guang-Cai], Fang, J.Y.[Jing-Yun],
Segmenting tree crowns from terrestrial and mobile LiDAR data by exploring ecological theories,
PandRS(110), No. 1, 2015, pp. 66-76.
Elsevier DOI 1601
Terrestrial LiDAR BibRef

Dalponte, M.[Michele], Ene, L.T.[Liviu Theodor], Marconcini, M.[Mattia], Gobakken, T.[Terje], Nćsset, E.[Erik],
Semi-supervised SVM for individual tree crown species classification,
PandRS(110), No. 1, 2015, pp. 77-87.
Elsevier DOI 1601
Tree species classification BibRef

Leckie, D.G.[Donald G.], Walsworth, N.[Nicholas], Gougeon, F.A.[François A.],
Identifying tree crown delineation shapes and need for remediation on high resolution imagery using an evidence based approach,
PandRS(114), No. 1, 2016, pp. 206-227.
Elsevier DOI 1604
Forest inventory BibRef

Zhen, Z.[Zhen], Quackenbush, L.J.[Lindi J.], Zhang, L.J.[Lian-Jun],
Trends in Automatic Individual Tree Crown Detection and Delineation: Evolution of LiDAR Data,
RS(8), No. 4, 2016, pp. 333.
DOI Link 1604
BibRef

Barnes, C.[Chloe], Balzter, H.[Heiko], Barrett, K.[Kirsten], Eddy, J.[James], Milner, S.[Sam], Suárez, J.C.[Juan C.],
Individual Tree Crown Delineation from Airborne Laser Scanning for Diseased Larch Forest Stands,
RS(9), No. 3, 2017, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 1704
BibRef

Paris, C., Kelbe, D., van Aardt, J., Bruzzone, L.,
A Novel Automatic Method for the Fusion of ALS and TLS LiDAR Data for Robust Assessment of Tree Crown Structure,
GeoRS(55), No. 7, July 2017, pp. 3679-3693.
IEEE DOI 1706
Laser fusion, Laser radar, Measurement by laser beam, Shape, Surface emitting lasers, Vegetation, Airborne laser scanning (ALS), forest structure, forestry, light detection and ranging (LiDAR), registration, remote sensing, terrestrial, laser, scanning, (TLS) BibRef

Blomley, R.[Rosmarie], Hovi, A.[Aarne], Weinmann, M.[Martin], Hinz, S.[Stefan], Korpela, I.[Ilkka], Jutzi, B.[Boris],
Tree species classification using within crown localization of waveform LiDAR attributes,
PandRS(133), No. Supplement C, 2017, pp. 142-156.
Elsevier DOI 1711
WF-recording LiDAR, Feature design, Geometric features, Tree species, BibRef

Camino, C.[Carlos], Zarco-Tejada, P.J.[Pablo J.], Gonzalez-Dugo, V.[Victoria],
Effects of Heterogeneity within Tree Crowns on Airborne-Quantified SIF and the CWSI as Indicators of Water Stress in the Context of Precision Agriculture,
RS(10), No. 4, 2018, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 1805
BibRef

Maschler, J.[Julia], Atzberger, C.[Clement], Immitzer, M.[Markus],
Individual Tree Crown Segmentation and Classification of 13 Tree Species Using Airborne Hyperspectral Data,
RS(10), No. 8, 2018, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 1809
BibRef

Wagner, F.H.[Fabien Hubert], Ferreira, M.P.[Matheus Pinheiro], Sanchez, A.[Alber], Hirye, M.C.M.[Mayumi C.M.], Zortea, M.[Maciel], Gloor, E.[Emanuel], Phillips, O.L.[Oliver L.], de Souza Filho, C.R.[Carlos Roberto], Shimabukuro, Y.E.[Yosio Edemir], Aragăo, L.E.O.C.[Luiz E.O.C.],
Individual tree crown delineation in a highly diverse tropical forest using very high resolution satellite images,
PandRS(145), 2018, pp. 362-377.
Elsevier DOI 1811
Image segmentation, Multispectral image, Tropical forests, Species identification, Rolling ball algorithm, Mathematical morphology BibRef

Arellano-Pérez, S.[Stéfano], Castedo-Dorado, F.[Fernando], López-Sánchez, C.A.[Carlos Antonio], González-Ferreiro, E.[Eduardo], Yang, Z.Q.[Zhi-Qiang], Díaz-Varela, R.A.[Ramón Alberto], Álvarez-González, J.G.[Juan Gabriel], Vega, J.A.[José Antonio], Ruiz-González, A.D.[Ana Daría],
Potential of Sentinel-2A Data to Model Surface and Canopy Fuel Characteristics in Relation to Crown Fire Hazard,
RS(10), No. 10, 2018, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 1811
BibRef

Harikumar, A., Bovolo, F., Bruzzone, L.,
A Local Projection-Based Approach to Individual Tree Detection and 3-D Crown Delineation in Multistoried Coniferous Forests Using High-Density Airborne LiDAR Data,
GeoRS(57), No. 2, February 2019, pp. 1168-1182.
IEEE DOI 1901
Vegetation, Forestry, Laser radar, Laser beams, Distance measurement, Biomass, tree top detection BibRef

Yan, Z.[Zhaojin], Liu, R.[Rufei], Cheng, L.[Liang], Zhou, X.[Xiao], Ruan, X.G.[Xiao-Guang], Xiao, Y.[Yijia],
A Concave Hull Methodology for Calculating the Crown Volume of Individual Trees Based on Vehicle-Borne LiDAR Data,
RS(11), No. 6, 2019, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 1903
BibRef

Aubry-Kientz, M.[Mélaine], Dutrieux, R.[Raphaël], Ferraz, A.[Antonio], Saatchi, S.[Sassan], Hamraz, H.[Hamid], Williams, J.[Jonathan], Coomes, D.[David], Piboule, A.[Alexandre], Vincent, G.[Grégoire],
A Comparative Assessment of the Performance of Individual Tree Crowns Delineation Algorithms from ALS Data in Tropical Forests,
RS(11), No. 9, 2019, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 1905
BibRef

Li, W.J.[Wei-Jia], He, C.H.[Cong-Hui], Fu, H.H.[Hao-Huan], Zheng, J.P.[Jue-Peng], Dong, R.M.[Run-Min], Xia, M.C.[Mao-Cai], Yu, L.[Le], Luk, W.[Wayne],
A Real-Time Tree Crown Detection Approach for Large-Scale Remote Sensing Images on FPGAs,
RS(11), No. 9, 2019, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 1905
BibRef

Weinstein, B.G.[Ben G.], Marconi, S.[Sergio], Bohlman, S.[Stephanie], Zare, A.[Alina], White, E.[Ethan],
Individual Tree-Crown Detection in RGB Imagery Using Semi-Supervised Deep Learning Neural Networks,
RS(11), No. 11, 2019, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 1906
BibRef

Fang, R.[Rong], Strimbu, B.M.[Bogdan M.],
Comparison of Mature Douglas-Firs' Crown Structures Developed with Two Quantitative Structural Models Using TLS Point Clouds for Neighboring Trees in a Natural Regime Stand,
RS(11), No. 14, 2019, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 1908
BibRef

Nguyen, H.M.[Hoang Minh], Demir, B.[Begüm], Dalponte, M.[Michele],
A Weighted SVM-Based Approach to Tree Species Classification at Individual Tree Crown Level Using LiDAR Data,
RS(11), No. 24, 2019, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 1912
BibRef

Qiu, L.[Lin], Jing, L.[Linhai], Hu, B.X.[Bao-Xin], Li, H.[Hui], Tang, Y.[Yunwei],
A New Individual Tree Crown Delineation Method for High Resolution Multispectral Imagery,
RS(12), No. 3, 2020, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 2002
BibRef

Bush, E.R.[Emma R.], Mitchard, E.T.A.[Edward T. A.], Silva, T.S.F.[Thiago S. F.], Dimoto, E.[Edmond], Dimbonda, P.[Pacôme], Makaga, L.[Loďc], Abernethy, K.[Katharine],
Monitoring Mega-Crown Leaf Turnover from Space,
RS(12), No. 3, 2020, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 2002
BibRef

Ahongshangbam, J.[Joyson], Röll, A.[Alexander], Ellsäßer, F.[Florian], Hendrayanto, Hölscher, D.[Dirk],
Airborne Tree Crown Detection for Predicting Spatial Heterogeneity of Canopy Transpiration in a Tropical Rainforest,
RS(12), No. 4, 2020, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 2003
BibRef

Ma, Z.Y.[Zhen-Yu], Pang, Y.[Yong], Wang, D.[Di], Liang, X.J.[Xiao-Jun], Chen, B.[Bowei], Lu, H.[Hao], Weinacker, H.[Holger], Koch, B.[Barbara],
Individual Tree Crown Segmentation of a Larch Plantation Using Airborne Laser Scanning Data Based on Region Growing and Canopy Morphology Features,
RS(12), No. 7, 2020, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 2004
BibRef

Zhu, Z.H.[Zi-Hui], Kleinn, C.[Christoph], Nölke, N.[Nils],
Towards Tree Green Crown Volume: A Methodological Approach Using Terrestrial Laser Scanning,
RS(12), No. 11, 2020, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 2006
BibRef

Plesoianu, A.I.[Alin-Ionut], Stupariu, M.S.[Mihai-Sorin], Sandric, I.[Ionut], Patru-Stupariu, I.[Ileana], Dragut, L.[Lucian],
Individual Tree-Crown Detection and Species Classification in Very High-Resolution Remote Sensing Imagery Using a Deep Learning Ensemble Model,
RS(12), No. 15, 2020, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 2008
BibRef

Gu, J.Y.[Jian-Yu], Grybas, H.[Heather], Congalton, R.G.[Russell G.],
Individual Tree Crown Delineation from UAS Imagery Based on Region Growing and Growth Space Considerations,
RS(12), No. 15, 2020, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 2008
BibRef

Braga, J.R.G.[José R. G.], Peripato, V.[Vinícius], Dalagnol, R.[Ricardo], Ferreira, M.P.[Matheus P.], Tarabalka, Y.[Yuliya], Aragăo, L.E.O.C.[Luiz E. O. C.], de Campos Velho, H.F.[Haroldo F.], Shiguemori, E.H.[Elcio H.], Wagner, F.H.[Fabien H.],
Tree Crown Delineation Algorithm Based on a Convolutional Neural Network,
RS(12), No. 8, 2020, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 2004
BibRef


Grznárová, A., Mokroš, M., Surový, P., Slavík, M., Pondelík, M., Merganic, J.,
The Crown Diameter Estimation From Fixed Wing Type of UAV Imagery,
UAV-g19(337-341).
DOI Link 1912
BibRef

Kempf, C., Tian, J., Kurz, F., d'Angelo, P., Reinartz, P.,
Local Versus Global Variational Approaches to Enhance Watershed Transformation Based Individual Tree Crown Segmentation of Digital Surface Models From 3k Optical Imagery,
Semantics3D19(43-50).
DOI Link 1912
BibRef

Okojie, J.A., Effiom, A.E., Tawiah, E.N., Akpejiori, I.J.,
Computational Time Modelling for Tree Crown Extraction From High Resolution Imagery Using Geographic Object-based Image Analysis,
UAV-g19(483-488).
DOI Link 1912
BibRef

Bulatov, D.[Dimitri], Wayand, I.[Isabell], Schilling, H.[Hendrik],
Automatic Tree-crown Detection In Challenging Scenarios,
ISPRS16(B3: 575-582).
DOI Link 1610
BibRef

Argamosa, R.J.L., Paringit, E.C., Quinton, K.R., Tandoc, F.A.M., Faelga, R.A.G., Ibańez, C.A.G., Posilero, M.A.V., Zaragosa, G.P.,
Fully Automated Gis-based Individual Tree Crown Delineation Based On Curvature Values From A Lidar Derived Canopy Height Model In A Coniferous Plantation,
ISPRS16(B8: 563-569).
DOI Link 1610
BibRef

Chang, K.T., Lin, C., Lin, Y.C., Liu, J.K.,
Accuracy Assessment Of Crown Delineation Methods For The Individual Trees Using Lidar Data,
ISPRS16(B8: 585-588).
DOI Link 1610
BibRef

Shahzad, M., Schmitt, M., Zhu, X.X.,
Segmentation and Crown Parameter Extraction of Individual Trees in an Airborne Tomosar Point Cloud,
PIA15(205-209).
DOI Link 1504
BibRef

Erfanifard, Y., Behnia, N., Moosavi, V.,
Tree Crown Delineation on VHR Aerial Imagery with SVM Classification Technique Optimized by Taguchi Method: A Case Study in Zagros Woodlands,
SMPR13(153-158).
HTML Version. 1311
BibRef

Bayat, F., Arefi, H., Alidoost, F.,
Individual Tree Detection and Determination of Tree Parameters Using Uav-based Lidar Data,
SMPR19(179-182).
DOI Link 1912
BibRef

Talebi, S., Zarea, A., Sadeghian, S., Arefi, H.,
Detection of Tree Crowns Based on Reclassification Using Aerial Images and LIDAR Data,
SMPR13(415-420).
HTML Version. 1311
BibRef

Steren'czak, K., Mis'cicki, S.,
Crown Delineation Influence On Standing Volume Calculations In Protected Area,
ISPRS12(XXXIX-B8:441-445).
DOI Link 1209
BibRef

Zdunic, K., Behn, G., van Dongen, R.,
Investigating The Dynamics of Wandoo Crown Decline With Time Series Landsat Imagery,
ISPRS12(XXXIX-B3:447-451).
DOI Link 1209
BibRef

Silván-Cárdenas, J.L.[José Luis],
A Segmentation Method for Tree Crown Detection and Modelling from LiDAR Measurements,
MCPR12(65-74).
Springer DOI 1208
BibRef

Li, Z.R.[Zheng-Rong], Hayward, R.[Ross], Zhang, J.L.[Jing-Lan], Liu, Y.[Yuee], Walker, R.[Rodney],
Towards automatic tree crown detection and delineation in spectral feature space using PCNN and morphological reconstruction,
ICIP09(1705-1708).
IEEE DOI 0911
BibRef

Riyahi, R., Kleinn, C., Fuchs, H.,
Comparison of Different Image Fusion Techniques for Individual Tree Crown Identification using QUICKBIRD Images,
HighRes09(xx-yy).
PDF File. 0906
BibRef

Korpela, I., Dahlin, B., Schäfer, H., Bruun, E., Haapaniemi, F., Honkasalo, J., Ilvesniemi, S., Kuutti, V., Linkosalmi, M., Mustonen, J., Salo, M., Suomi, O., Virtanen, H.,
Single-Tree Forest Inventory Using Lidar and Aerial Images for 3D Treetop Positioning, Species Recognition, Height and Crown Width Estimation,
Laser07(227).
PDF File. 0709
BibRef

Abd Rahman, M.Z.[Muhammad Zulkarnain], Gorte, B.G.H.[Ben G.H.], Bucksch, A.[Alexander],
A New Method for Individual Tree Delineation and Undergrowth Removal from High Resolution Airborne Lidar,
Laser09(283). 0909
BibRef

Abd Rahman, M.Z.[Muhammad Zulkarnain], Gorte, B.G.H.[Ben G.H.],
Tree Crown Delineation from High Resolution Airborne Lidar Based on Densities of High Points,
Laser09(123). 0909
BibRef

Abramo, E., Crosilla, F.[Fabio],
Assessing the 3D Structure of the Single Crowns in Mixed Alpine Forests,
PIA07(129).
PDF File. 0711
BibRef
And:
Improving the Morphological Analysis for Tree Extraction: A Dynamic Approach to Lidar Data,
Laser07(26).
PDF File. 0709
BibRef

Tiede, D., Hochleitner, G., Blaschke, T.,
A Full GIS-Based Workflow for Tree Identification and Tree Crown Delineation using Laser Scanning,
CMRT05(xx-yy).
PDF File. 0508
BibRef

da Silva, D., Boudon, F., Godin, C., Puech, O., Smith, C., Sinoquet, H.,
A Critical Appraisal of the Box Counting Method to Assess the Fractal Dimension of Tree Crowns,
ISVC06(I: 751-760).
Springer DOI 0611
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Chapter on Remote Sensing, Cartography, Aerial Images, Buildings, Roads, Terrain, ATR continues in
Urban Trees, Individual Trees, Street Trees .


Last update:Oct 19, 2020 at 15:02:28