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Video/Scene/Born Digital Images",
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        YEAR = "2013",
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@article{bb279102,
        AUTHOR = "Xue, M.L. and Shivakumara, P. and Zhang, C. and Xiao, Y. and Lu, T. and Pal, U. and Lopresti, D. and Yang, Z.B.",
        TITLE = "Arbitrarily-Oriented Text Detection in Low Light Natural Scene Images",
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        YEAR = "2021",
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@article{bb279103,
        AUTHOR = "Roy, S. and Shivakumara, P. and Jalab, H.A. and Ibrahim, R.W. and Pal, U. and Lu, T.",
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recognition in video frames",
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@article{bb279104,
        AUTHOR = "Nandanwar, L. and Shivakumara, P. and Mondal, P. and Raghunandan, K.S. and Pal, U. and Lu, T. and Lopresti, D.",
        TITLE = "Forged text detection in video, scene, and document images",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273761"}

@inproceedings{bb279105,
        AUTHOR = "Wang, W.H. and Wu, Y.R. and Shivakumara, P. and Lu, T.",
        TITLE = "Cloud of Line Distribution and Random Forest Based Text Detection from
Natural/Video Scene Images",
        BOOKTITLE = MMMod18,
        YEAR = "2018",
        PAGES = "II:48-60",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273762"}

@article{bb279106,
        AUTHOR = "Roy, S. and Shivakumara, P. and Pal, U. and Lu, T. and Kumar, G.H.",
        TITLE = "Delaunay triangulation based text detection from multi-view images of
natural scene",
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        YEAR = "2020",
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@article{bb279107,
        AUTHOR = "Khare, V. and Shivakumara, P. and Raveendran, P. and Blumenstein, M.",
        TITLE = "A blind deconvolution model for scene text detection and recognition
in video",
        JOURNAL = PR,
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273764"}

@article{bb279108,
        AUTHOR = "Phan, T.Q. and Shivakumara, P. and Bhowmick, S. and Li, S.M. and Tan, C.L. and Pal, U.",
        TITLE = "Semiautomatic Ground Truth Generation for Text Detection and
Recognition in Video Images",
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        PAGES = "1277-1287",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273765"}

@inproceedings{bb279109,
        AUTHOR = "Qin, L.F. and Shivakumara, P. and Lu, T. and Pal, U. and Tan, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Video Scene Text Frames Categorization for Text Detection and
Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR16,
        YEAR = "2016",
        PAGES = "3886-3891",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273766"}

@article{bb279110,
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273770"}

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        AUTHOR = "Minetto, R. and Thome, N. and Cord, M. and Leite, N.J. and Stolfi, J.",
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@inproceedings{bb279115,
        AUTHOR = "Minetto, R. and Thome, N. and Cord, M. and Fabrizio, J. and Marcotegui, B.",
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@inproceedings{bb279116,
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@inproceedings{bb279117,
        AUTHOR = "Fabrizio, J. and Marcotegui, B. and Cord, M.",
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@inproceedings{bb279118,
        AUTHOR = "Fabrizio, J. and Cord, M. and Marcotegui, B.",
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@article{bb279119,
        AUTHOR = "Huang, R. and Shivakumara, P. and Feng, Y. and Uchida, S.",
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Multiple-Hypothesis Framework",
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        PAGES = "2235-2244",
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@inproceedings{bb279120,
        AUTHOR = "Huang, R. and Oba, S. and Palaiahnakote, S. and Uchida, S.",
        TITLE = "Scene character detection and recognition based on multiple hypotheses
framework",
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@article{bb279121,
        AUTHOR = "Song, X.D. and Peng, X.L. and Xu, J.Z. and Shi, G. and Wu, F.",
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@inproceedings{bb279122,
        AUTHOR = "Song, X.D. and Peng, X.L. and Xu, J.Z. and Wu, F.",
        TITLE = "Cloud-Based Distributed Image Coding",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273778"}

@inproceedings{bb279123,
        AUTHOR = "Liang, F. and Peng, X.L. and Xu, J.Z.",
        TITLE = "Scene-aware perceptual video coding",
        BOOKTITLE = VCIP13,
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@inproceedings{bb279124,
        AUTHOR = "Peng, X.L. and Xu, J.Z. and Wu, F.",
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@article{bb279125,
        AUTHOR = "Sharma, N. and Shivakumara, P. and Pal, U. and Blumenstein, M. and Tan, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Piece-wise linearity based method for text frame classification in
video",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273781"}

@article{bb279126,
        AUTHOR = "Yin, X.C. and Zuo, Z.Y. and Tian, S. and Liu, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Text Detection, Tracking and Recognition in Video:
A Comprehensive Survey",
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        PAGES = "2752-2773",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273782"}

@article{bb279127,
        AUTHOR = "Kanadje, M. and Miller, Z. and Agarwal, A. and Gaborski, R. and Zanibbi, R. and Ludi, S.",
        TITLE = "Assisted keyword indexing for lecture videos using unsupervised
keyword spotting",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273783"}

@article{bb279128,
        AUTHOR = "Xu, J.M. and Shivakumara, P. and Lu, T. and Tan, C.L. and Uchida, S.",
        TITLE = "A new method for multi-oriented graphics-scene-3D text classification
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273784"}

@article{bb279129,
        AUTHOR = "Mittal, A. and Roy, P.P. and Singh, P. and Raman, B.",
        TITLE = "Rotation and script independent text detection from video frames
using sub pixel mapping",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273785"}

@article{bb279130,
        AUTHOR = "Roy, S. and Shivakumara, P. and Jain, N. and Khare, V. and Dutta, A. and Pal, U. and Lu, T.",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273786"}

@article{bb279131,
        AUTHOR = "Yin, X.W. and Yin, X.C. and Huang, K. and Hao, H.W.",
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@article{bb279132,
        AUTHOR = "Tian, S. and Yin, X.C. and Su, Y. and Hao, H.W.",
        TITLE = "A Unified Framework for Tracking Based Text Detection and Recognition
from Web Videos",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
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        PAGES = "542-554",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273788"}

@inproceedings{bb279133,
        AUTHOR = "Yin, X.W. and Yin, X.C. and Hao, H.W. and Iqbal, K.",
        TITLE = "Effective text localization in natural scene images with MSER,
geometry-based grouping and AdaBoost",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273789"}

@article{bb279134,
        AUTHOR = "Yin, X. and Pei, W. and Zhang, J. and Hao, H.W.",
        TITLE = "Multi-Orientation Scene Text Detection with Adaptive Clustering",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
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        PAGES = "1930-1937",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273790"}

@article{bb279135,
        AUTHOR = "Wankhede, V. and Kagalkar, R.M.",
        TITLE = "Support vector machine-based approach for text description from the
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        JOURNAL = IJCVR,
        VOLUME = "8",
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        NUMBER = "4",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273791"}

@article{bb279136,
        AUTHOR = "Bulatov, K. and Razumnyi, N. and Arlazarov, V.V.",
        TITLE = "On optimal stopping strategies for text recognition in a video stream
as an application of a monotone sequential decision model",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273792"}

@article{bb279137,
        AUTHOR = "Bhunia, A.K. and Konwer, A. and Bhunia, A.K. and Bhowmick, A. and Roy, P.P. and Pal, U.",
        TITLE = "Script identification in natural scene image and video frames using
an attention based Convolutional-LSTM network",
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        YEAR = "2019",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273793"}

@article{bb279138,
        AUTHOR = "Mithun, N.C. and Li, J.C. and Metze, F. and Roy Chowdhury, A.K.",
        TITLE = "Joint embeddings with multimodal cues for video-text retrieval",
        JOURNAL = MultInfoRetr,
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        YEAR = "2019",
        NUMBER = "1",
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        PAGES = "3-18",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273794"}

@article{bb279139,
        AUTHOR = "Nag, S. and Shivakumara, P. and Pal, U. and Lu, T. and Blumenstein, M.",
        TITLE = "A new unified method for detecting text from marathon runners and
sports players in video (PR-D-19-01078R2)",
        JOURNAL = PR,
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        YEAR = "2020",
        PAGES = "107476",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273795"}

@article{bb279140,
        AUTHOR = "He, W.H. and Zhang, X.Y. and Yin, F. and Luo, Z.B. and Ogier, J.M. and Liu, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Realtime multi-scale scene text detection with scale-based region
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        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "98",
        YEAR = "2020",
        PAGES = "107026",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273796"}

@article{bb279141,
        AUTHOR = "Mafla, A. and Tito, R. and Dey, S. and Gomez, L. and Rusinol, M. and Valveny, E. and Karatzas, D.",
        TITLE = "Real-time Lexicon-free Scene Text Retrieval",
        JOURNAL = PR,
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        YEAR = "2021",
        PAGES = "107656",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273797"}

@article{bb279142,
        AUTHOR = "Cheng, Z. and Lu, J. and Zou, B. and Qiao, L. and Xu, Y. and Pu, S. and Niu, Y. and Wu, F. and Zhou, S.",
        TITLE = "FREE: A Fast and Robust End-to-End Video Text Spotter",
        JOURNAL = IP,
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        YEAR = "2021",
        PAGES = "822-837",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273798"}

@article{bb279143,
        AUTHOR = "Yu, H.Y. and Huang, Y. and Pi, L.H. and Zhang, C.Q. and Li, X. and Wang, L.",
        TITLE = "End-to-End Video Text Detection with Online Tracking",
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        YEAR = "2021",
        PAGES = "107791",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273799"}

@article{bb279144,
        AUTHOR = "Gao, Y. and Li, X. and Zhang, J.J. and Zhou, Y. and Jin, D. and Wang, J. and Zhu, S.G. and Bai, X.",
        TITLE = "Video Text Tracking With a Spatio-Temporal Complementary Model",
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        YEAR = "2021",
        PAGES = "9321-9331",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273800"}

@article{bb279145,
        AUTHOR = "Nandanwar, L. and Shivakumara, P. and Ramachandra, R. and Lu, T. and Pal, U. and Antonacopoulos, A. and Lu, Y.",
        TITLE = "A New Deep Wavefront Based Model for Text Localization in 3D Video",
        JOURNAL = CirSysVideo,
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        MONTH = "June",
        PAGES = "3375-3389",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273801"}

@inproceedings{bb279146,
        AUTHOR = "Theus, A. and Rossetto, L. and Bernstein, A.",
        TITLE = "HyText: A Scene-Text Extraction Method for Video Retrieval",
        BOOKTITLE = MMMod22,
        YEAR = "2022",
        PAGES = "II:182-193",
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@inproceedings{bb279147,
        AUTHOR = "Feng, W. and Yin, F. and Zhang, X.Y. and Liu, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Semantic-Aware Video Text Detection",
        BOOKTITLE = CVPR21,
        YEAR = "2021",
        PAGES = "1695-1705",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273803"}

@inproceedings{bb279148,
        AUTHOR = "Hernandez Carrascosa, P. and Penate Sanchez, A. and Lorenzo Navarro, J. and Freire Obregon, D. and Castrillon Santana, M.",
        TITLE = "TGCRBNW: A Dataset for Runner Bib Number Detection (and Recognition)
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        BOOKTITLE = ICPR21,
        YEAR = "2021",
        PAGES = "9445-9451",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273804"}

@inproceedings{bb279149,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, Y.L. and Chen, H. and Shen, C.H. and He, T. and Jin, L.W. and Wang, L.W.",
        TITLE = "ABCNet: Real-Time Scene Text Spotting With Adaptive Bezier-Curve
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        YEAR = "2020",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273805"}

@inproceedings{bb279150,
        AUTHOR = "Chen, S. and Zhao, Y. and Jin, Q. and Wu, Q.",
        TITLE = "Fine-Grained Video-Text Retrieval With Hierarchical Graph Reasoning",
        BOOKTITLE = CVPR20,
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        PAGES = "10635-10644",
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@inproceedings{bb279151,
        AUTHOR = "Schwarcz, S. and Gorban, A. and Serra, X.G. and Lee, D.",
        TITLE = "Adapting Style and Content for Attended Text Sequence Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = WACV20,
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@inproceedings{bb279152,
        AUTHOR = "Wang, Y. and Qian, Y. and Shi, J.H. and Su, F.",
        TITLE = "A Deep Convolutional Deblurring and Detection Neural Network for
Localizing Text in Videos",
        BOOKTITLE = MMMod20,
        YEAR = "2020",
        PAGES = "II:112-124",
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@inproceedings{bb279153,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, D. and Woo, S. and Lee, J.Y. and Kweon, I.S.",
        TITLE = "Deep Blind Video Decaptioning by Temporal Aggregation and Recurrence",
        BOOKTITLE = CVPR19,
        YEAR = "2019",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273809"}

@inproceedings{bb279154,
        AUTHOR = "Slucki, A. and Trzcinski, T. and Bielski, A. and Cyrta, P.",
        TITLE = "Extracting Textual Overlays from Social Media Videos Using Neural
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273810"}

@inproceedings{bb279155,
        AUTHOR = "Shi, B. and Wang, X. and Lyu, P. and Yao, C. and Bai, X.",
        TITLE = "Robust Scene Text Recognition with Automatic Rectification",
        BOOKTITLE = CVPR16,
        YEAR = "2016",
        PAGES = "4168-4176",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273811"}

@inproceedings{bb279156,
        AUTHOR = "Xiang, D.L. and Guo, Q.A. and Xia, Y.",
        TITLE = "Robust Text Detection with Vertically-Regressed Proposal Network",
        BOOKTITLE = IWRR16,
        YEAR = "2016",
        PAGES = "I: 351-363",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273812"}

@inproceedings{bb279157,
        AUTHOR = "Qiao, X. and Zhu, H. and Li, W.P.",
        TITLE = "Scene Text Detection with Adaptive Line Clustering",
        BOOKTITLE = IWRR16,
        YEAR = "2016",
        PAGES = "I: 364-377",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273813"}

@inproceedings{bb279158,
        AUTHOR = "Calarasanu, S. and Fabrizio, J. and Dubuisson, S.",
        TITLE = "From Text Detection to Text Segmentation: A Unified Evaluation Scheme",
        BOOKTITLE = IWRR16,
        YEAR = "2016",
        PAGES = "I: 378-394",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273814"}

@inproceedings{bb279159,
        AUTHOR = "Sharma, N. and Mandal, R. and Sharma, R. and Pal, U. and Blumenstein, M.",
        TITLE = "ICDAR2015 Competition on Video Script Identification (CVSI 2015)",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "1196-1200",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273815"}

@inproceedings{bb279160,
        AUTHOR = "Zuo, Z.Y. and Tian, S. and Pei, W.Y. and Yin, X.C.",
        TITLE = "Multi-strategy tracking based text detection in scene videos",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "66-70",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273816"}

@inproceedings{bb279161,
        AUTHOR = "Sharma, N. and Mandal, R. and Sharma, R. and Roy, P.P. and Pal, U. and Blumenstein, M.",
        TITLE = "Multi-lingual text recognition from video frames",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "951-955",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273817"}

@inproceedings{bb279162,
        AUTHOR = "Kachouri, R. and Armas, C.M. and Akil, M.",
        TITLE = "Gamma correction acceleration for real-time text extraction from
complex colored images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "527-531",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273818"}

@inproceedings{bb279163,
        AUTHOR = "Gomez, L. and Karatzas, D.",
        TITLE = "MSER-Based Real-Time Text Detection and Tracking",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR14,
        YEAR = "2014",
        PAGES = "3110-3115",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273819"}

@inproceedings{bb279164,
        AUTHOR = "Shivakuamra, P. and Lubani, M. and Wong, K. and Lu, T.",
        TITLE = "Optical flow based dynamic curved video text detection",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP14,
        YEAR = "2014",
        PAGES = "1668-1672",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273820"}

@inproceedings{bb279165,
        AUTHOR = "Zhang, Z.K. and Wang, W.Q. and Lu, K.",
        TITLE = "Video Text Extraction Using the Fusion of Color Gradient and
Log-Gabor Filter",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR14,
        YEAR = "2014",
        PAGES = "2938-2943",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273821"}

@inproceedings{bb279166,
        AUTHOR = "Nguyen, P.X. and Wang, K. and Belongie, S.J.",
        TITLE = "Video text detection and recognition: Dataset and benchmark",
        BOOKTITLE = WACV14,
        YEAR = "2014",
        PAGES = "776-783",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273822"}

@inproceedings{bb279167,
        AUTHOR = "Phan, T.Q. and Shivakumara, P. and Lu, T. and Tan, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of Video Text through Temporal Integration",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "589-593",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273823"}

@inproceedings{bb279168,
        AUTHOR = "Shivakumara, P. and Basavaraju, H.T. and Guru, D.S. and Tan, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Detection of Curved Text in Video: Quad Tree Based Method",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "594-598",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273824"}

@inproceedings{bb279169,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, Y. and Song, Y.H. and Zhang, Y.L. and Meng, Q.",
        TITLE = "A Novel Multi-oriented Chinese Text Extraction Approach from Videos",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "1355-1359",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273825"}

@inproceedings{bb279170,
        AUTHOR = "Liang, G.Z. and Shivakumara, P. and Lu, T. and Tan, C.L.",
        TITLE = "A new wavelet-Laplacian method for arbitrarily-oriented character
segmentation in video text lines",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "926-930",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273826"}

@inproceedings{bb279171,
        AUTHOR = "Sharma, N. and Shivakumara, P. and Pal, U. and Blumenstein, M. and Tan, C.L.",
        TITLE = "A New Method for Character Segmentation from Multi-oriented Video
Words",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "413-417",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273827"}

@inproceedings{bb279172,
        AUTHOR = "Sharma, N. and Shivakumara, P. and Pal, U. and Blumenstein, M. and Tan, C.L.",
        TITLE = "A New Method for Word Segmentation from Arbitrarily-Oriented Video Text
Lines",
        BOOKTITLE = DICTA12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "1-8",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273828"}

@inproceedings{bb279173,
        AUTHOR = "Chattopadhyay, T. and Jain, R. and Chaudhuri, B.B.",
        TITLE = "A novel low complexity TV video OCR system",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "665-668",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273829"}

@inproceedings{bb279174,
        AUTHOR = "Elagouni, K. and Garcia, C. and Sebillot, P.",
        TITLE = "A comprehensive neural-based approach for text recognition in videos
using natural language processing",
        BOOKTITLE = ICMR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "23",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273830"}

@inproceedings{bb279175,
        AUTHOR = "Zhao, Y. and Lu, T. and Liao, W.J.",
        TITLE = "A Robust Color-Independent Text Detection Method from Complex Videos",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "374-378",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273831"}

@inproceedings{bb279176,
        AUTHOR = "Peng, X.J. and Cao, H. and Prasad, R. and Natarajan, P.",
        TITLE = "Text Extraction from Video Using Conditional Random Fields",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "1029-1033",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273832"}

@inproceedings{bb279177,
        AUTHOR = "Ntirogiannis, K. and Gatos, B. and Pratikakis, I.",
        TITLE = "Binarization of Textual Content in Video Frames",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "673-677",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273833"}

@inproceedings{bb279178,
        AUTHOR = "Huang, X.D. and Ma, H.D.",
        TITLE = "Automatic Detection and Localization of Natural Scene Text in Video",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "3216-3219",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273834"}

@inproceedings{bb279179,
        AUTHOR = "Yi, J. and Peng, Y.X. and Xiao, J.G.",
        TITLE = "Using Multiple Frame Integration for the Text Recognition of Video",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "71-75",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273835"}

@inproceedings{bb279180,
        AUTHOR = "Zhou, J.C. and Xu, L. and Xiao, B.H. and Dai, R.W. and Si, S.",
        TITLE = "A robust system for text extraction in video",
        BOOKTITLE = ICMV07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "119-124",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273836"}

@inproceedings{bb279181,
        AUTHOR = "Papavassiliou, V. and Stafylakis, T. and Katsouros, V. and Carayannis, G.",
        TITLE = "A Parametric Spectral-Based Method for Verification of Text in Videos",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "879-883",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273837"}

@inproceedings{bb279182,
        AUTHOR = "Bouaziz, B. and Mahdi, W. and Ben Hamadou, A.",
        TITLE = "A New Video Images Text Localization Approach Based on a Fast Hough
Transform",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIAR06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "I: 414-425",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273838"}

@inproceedings{bb279183,
        AUTHOR = "Palma, D. and Ascenso, J. and Pereira, F.",
        TITLE = "Automatic Text Extraction in Digital Video Based on Motion Analysis",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIAR04,
        YEAR = "2004",
        PAGES = "I: 588-596",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273839"}

@inproceedings{bb279184,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, Y. and Lu, H. and Xue, X.Y. and Tan, Y.P.",
        TITLE = "Effective video text detection using line features",
        BOOKTITLE = ICARCV04,
        YEAR = "2004",
        PAGES = "II: 1528-1532",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273840"}

@inproceedings{bb279185,
        AUTHOR = "Umai, C. and Kassim, A. and Yue, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Detection and Interpretation of Text Information in Noisy Video
Sequences",
        BOOKTITLE = ICARCV06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "1-4",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273841"}

@inproceedings{bb279186,
        AUTHOR = "Tang, L.J. and Kender, J.R.",
        TITLE = "A Unified Text Extraction Method for Instructional Videos",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "III: 1216-1219",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273842"}

@inproceedings{bb279187,
        AUTHOR = "Tang, L.J. and Kender, J.R.",
        TITLE = "Educational video understanding:
Mapping handwritten text to textbook chapters",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "II: 919-923",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273843"}

@inproceedings{bb279188,
        AUTHOR = "Sun, J. and Katsuyama, Y. and Naoi, S.",
        TITLE = "Video Degradation Model and Its Application to Character Recognition in
e-Learning Videos",
        BOOKTITLE = DAS04,
        YEAR = "2004",
        PAGES = "555-558",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273844"}

@inproceedings{bb279189,
        AUTHOR = "Tekinalp, S. and Alatan, A.A.",
        TITLE = "Utilization of texture, contrast and color homogeneity for detecting
and recognizing text from video frames",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "III: 505-508",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273845"}

@inproceedings{bb279190,
        AUTHOR = "Mariano, V.Y. and Kasturi, R.",
        TITLE = "Detection of text marks on moving vehicles",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "393-397",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273846"}

@inproceedings{bb279191,
        AUTHOR = "Du, E.Y.Z. and Chang, C.I.",
        TITLE = "Thresholding video images for text detection",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "III: 919-922",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273847"}

@inproceedings{bb279192,
        AUTHOR = "Mao, W. and Chung, F.L. and Lam, K.K.M. and Sin, W.C.",
        TITLE = "Hybrid Chinese/English text detection in images and video frames",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "III: 1015-1018",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT273848"}

@article{bb279193,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, Y.X. and Goto, S. and Ikenaga, T.",
        TITLE = "A Contour-Based Robust Algorithm for Text Detection in Color Images",
        JOURNAL = IEICE,
        VOLUME = "E89-D",
        YEAR = "2006",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "1221-1230",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT273849"}

@inproceedings{bb279194,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, Y.X. and Goto, S. and Ikenaga, T.",
        TITLE = "A robust algorithm for text detection in color images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "I: 399-403",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT273850"}

@article{bb279195,
        AUTHOR = "Jung, C.K. and Liu, Q.F. and Kim, J.K.",
        TITLE = "A stroke filter and its application to text localization",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "30",
        YEAR = "2009",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "January",
        PAGES = "114-122",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT273851"}

@article{bb279196,
        AUTHOR = "Jung, C.K. and Liu, Q.F. and Kim, J.K.",
        TITLE = "Accurate text localization in images based on SVM output scores",
        JOURNAL = IVC,
        VOLUME = "27",
        YEAR = "2009",
        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "August",
        PAGES = "1295-1301",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT273852"}

@article{bb279197,
        AUTHOR = "Yi, C.C. and Tian, Y.L.",
        TITLE = "Text String Detection From Natural Scenes by Structure-Based Partition
and Grouping",
        JOURNAL = IP,
        VOLUME = "20",
        YEAR = "2011",
        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "September",
        PAGES = "2594-2605",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT273853"}

@article{bb279198,
        AUTHOR = "Yi, C.C. and Tian, Y.L.",
        TITLE = "Localizing Text in Scene Images by Boundary Clustering, Stroke
Segmentation, and String Fragment Classification",
        JOURNAL = IP,
        VOLUME = "21",
        YEAR = "2012",
        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "September",
        PAGES = "4256-4268",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT273854"}

@inproceedings{bb279199,
        AUTHOR = "Yi, C.C. and Tian, Y.L.",
        TITLE = "Text Detection in Natural Scene Images by Stroke Gabor Words",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "177-181",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT273855"}

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