@inproceedings{bb268900,
        AUTHOR = "Hayes, K.C.",
        TITLE = "Understanding Handwriting",
        BOOKTITLE = Ph.D.,
        YEAR = "1981",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263565"}

@article{bb268901,
        AUTHOR = "Brown, M.K. and Ganapathy, S.",
        TITLE = "Preprocessing Techniques for Cursive Script Word Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "16",
        YEAR = "1983",
        NUMBER = "5",
        PAGES = "447-458",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263566"}

@article{bb268902,
        AUTHOR = "Kundu, A. and He, Y. and Bahl, P.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of Handwritten Words:
First and Second Order Hidden Markov Model Based Approach",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "22",
        YEAR = "1989",
        NUMBER = "3",
        PAGES = "283-297",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263567"}

@inproceedings{bb268903,
        AUTHOR = "Bahl, P. and He, Y. and Kundu, A.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of Handwritten Words:
First and Second Order Hidden Markov Model Based Approach",
        BOOKTITLE = CVPR88,
        YEAR = "1988",
        PAGES = "457-462",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263567"}

@inproceedings{bb268904,
        AUTHOR = "Kundu, A. and Beach, R.",
        TITLE = "Machine reading of handwritten text information in field technician's
maps",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "II: 943-947",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263568"}

@article{bb268905,
        AUTHOR = "Simon, J.C.",
        TITLE = "Off-Line Cursive Word Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PIEEE,
        VOLUME = "80",
        YEAR = "1992",
        NUMBER = "7",
        MONTH = "July",
        PAGES = "1150-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263569"}

@article{bb268906,
        AUTHOR = "Paquet, T. and Lecourtier, Y.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of handwritten sentences using a restricted lexicon",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "26",
        YEAR = "1993",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "391-407",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263570"}

@article{bb268907,
        AUTHOR = "Chen, M.Y. and Kundu, A. and Zhou, J.",
        TITLE = "Off-Line Handwritten Word Recognition Using a Hidden Markov
Model Type Stochastic Network",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "16",
        YEAR = "1994",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "481-496",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263571"}

@inproceedings{bb268908,
        AUTHOR = "Chen, M.Y. and Kundu, A. and Zhou, J.",
        TITLE = "Off-line handwritten word recognition (HWR) using a single contextual
hidden Markov model",
        BOOKTITLE = CVPR92,
        YEAR = "1992",
        PAGES = "669-672",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263572"}

@inproceedings{bb268909,
        AUTHOR = "He, Y. and Chen, M.Y. and Kundu, A.",
        TITLE = "Off-line handwritten word recognition using HMM with adaptive length
Viterbi algorithm",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR94,
        YEAR = "1994",
        PAGES = "B:460-462",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263573"}

@article{bb268910,
        AUTHOR = "Chen, M.Y. and Kundu, A. and Srihari, S.N.",
        TITLE = "Variable Duration Hidden Markov Model and Morphological 
Segmentation for Handwritten Word Recognition",
        JOURNAL = IP,
        VOLUME = "4",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "1675-1688",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263574"}

@inproceedings{bb268911,
        AUTHOR = "Srihari, S.N. and Kundu, A. and Chen, M.Y.",
        TITLE = "Variable Duration Hidden Markov Model and Morphological 
Segmentation for Handwritten Word Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = CVPR93,
        YEAR = "1993",
        PAGES = "600-601",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263574"}

@inproceedings{bb268912,
        AUTHOR = "Chen, M.Y. and Kundu, A.",
        TITLE = "A complement to variable duration hidden Markov model in handwritten
word recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP94,
        YEAR = "1994",
        PAGES = "I: 174-178",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263575"}

@article{bb268913,
        AUTHOR = "Kundu, A. and He, Y. and Chen, M.Y.",
        TITLE = "Alternatives to Variable Duration HMM in Handwriting Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "20",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "11",
        MONTH = "November",
        PAGES = "1275-1280",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263576"}

@inproceedings{bb268914,
        AUTHOR = "Kundu, A. and Hines, T. and Huyck, B. and Phillips, J. and van Guilder, L.",
        TITLE = "Arabic Handwriting Recognition Using Variable Duration HMM",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "644-648",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263577"}

@article{bb268915,
        AUTHOR = "Gilloux, M. and Leroux, M. and Bertille, J.M.",
        TITLE = "Strategies for Cursive Script Recognition Using Hidden Markov-Models",
        JOURNAL = MVA,
        VOLUME = "8",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "4",
        PAGES = "197-205",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263578"}

@inproceedings{bb268916,
        AUTHOR = "Gilloux, M.",
        TITLE = "Writer adaptation for handwritten word recognition using hidden Markov
models",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR94,
        YEAR = "1994",
        PAGES = "B:135-139",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263579"}

@inproceedings{bb268917,
        AUTHOR = "Leroux, M. and Salome, J.C. and Badard, J.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of Cursive Script Words in a Small Lexicon",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR91,
        YEAR = "1991",
        PAGES = "774-xx",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263580"}

@article{bb268918,
        AUTHOR = "El Yacoubi, M.A. and Gilloux, M. and Sabourin, R. and Suen, C.Y.",
        TITLE = "An HMM-Based Approach for Off-Line Unconstrained Handwritten Word
Modeling and Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "21",
        YEAR = "1999",
        NUMBER = "8",
        MONTH = "August",
        PAGES = "752-760",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263581"}

@article{bb268919,
        AUTHOR = "Koerich, A.L. and Sabourin, R. and Suen, C.Y.",
        TITLE = "Recognition and Verification of Unconstrained Handwritten Words",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "27",
        YEAR = "2005",
        NUMBER = "10",
        MONTH = "October",
        PAGES = "1509-1522",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263582"}

@article{bb268920,
        AUTHOR = "Koerich, A.L. and Sabourin, R. and Suen, C.Y.",
        TITLE = "Lexicon-driven HMM decoding for large vocabulary handwriting
recognition with multiple character models",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "6",
        YEAR = "2003",
        NUMBER = "2",
        PAGES = "126-144",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263583"}

@inproceedings{bb268921,
        AUTHOR = "Koerich, A.L. and Sabourin, R. and Suen, C.Y.",
        TITLE = "A distributed scheme for lexicon-driven handwritten word recognition
and its application to large vocabulary problems",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "660-664",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263584"}

@inproceedings{bb268922,
        AUTHOR = "Koerich, A.L. and Leydier, Y. and Sabourin, R. and Suen, C.Y.",
        TITLE = "A hybrid large vocabulary handwritten word recognition system using
neural networks with hidden markov models",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "99-104",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263585"}

@inproceedings{bb268923,
        AUTHOR = "Suen, C.Y. and Sabourin, R. and El Yacoubi, A.",
        TITLE = "Improved Model Architecture and Training Phase in an
Off-Line HMM-Based Word Recognition System",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 1521-1525",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263586"}

@inproceedings{bb268924,
        AUTHOR = "Morita, M. and Sabourin, R. and Bortolozzi, F. and Suen, C.Y.",
        TITLE = "Unsupervised Feature Selection Using Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithms
for Handwritten Word Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "666-670",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263587"}

@article{bb268925,
        AUTHOR = "Clergeautournemire, S. and Plamondon, R.",
        TITLE = "Integration of Lexical and Syntactic Knowledge in a
Handwriting-Recognition System",
        JOURNAL = MVA,
        VOLUME = "8",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "4",
        PAGES = "249-259",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263588"}

@article{bb268926,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, G.H. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "A Lexicon Driven Approach to Handwritten Word Recognition
for Real-Time Applications",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "19",
        YEAR = "1997",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "366-379",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263589"}

@article{bb268927,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, G.H. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Phrase Recognition As Applied To Street Name Images",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "31",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "January",
        PAGES = "41-51",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263590"}

@inproceedings{bb268928,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, G.H. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of Handwritten Phrases as Applied to Street Name Images",
        BOOKTITLE = CVPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "459-464",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263591"}

@article{bb268929,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, G.H. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Efficient Chain Code Based Image Manipulation for
Handwritten Word Recognition",
        JOURNAL = SPIE,
        VOLUME = "2660",
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "262-272",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263592"}

@article{bb268930,
        AUTHOR = "Govindaraju, V. and Krishnamurthy, R.K.",
        TITLE = "Holistic Handwritten Word Recognition Using Temporal Features
Derived from Off-Line Images",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "17",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "537-540",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263593"}

@article{bb268931,
        AUTHOR = "Madhvanath, S. and Kleinberg, E. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Holistic Verification of Handwritten Phrases",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "21",
        YEAR = "1999",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "1344-1356",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263594"}

@inproceedings{bb268932,
        AUTHOR = "Madhvanath, S. and Kleinberg, E. and Govindaraju, V. and Srihari, S.N.",
        TITLE = "The Hover System for Rapid Holistic Verification of
Off-Line Handwritten Phrases",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "855-859",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263595"}

@article{bb268933,
        AUTHOR = "Madhvanath, S. and Govindaraju, V. and Srihari, S.N.",
        TITLE = "Reading Handwritten Phrases on US Census Forms",
        JOURNAL = IJIST,
        VOLUME = "7",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "4",
        PAGES = "312-319",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263596"}

@article{bb268934,
        AUTHOR = "Madhvanath, S. and Kim, G.H. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Chaincode Contour Processing for Handwritten Word Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "21",
        YEAR = "1999",
        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "September",
        PAGES = "928-932",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263597"}

@article{bb268935,
        AUTHOR = "Madhvanath, S. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "The Role of Holistic Paradigms in Handwritten Word Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "23",
        YEAR = "2001",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "February",
        PAGES = "149-164",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263598"}

@inproceedings{bb268936,
        AUTHOR = "Madhvanath, S. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Contour-Based Image Preprocessing for
Holistic Handwritten Word Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "536-539",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263599"}

@inproceedings{bb268937,
        AUTHOR = "Madhvanath, S. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Pruning Large Lexicons Using Generalized Word Shape Descriptors",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "552-555",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263600"}

@article{bb268938,
        AUTHOR = "Madhvanath, S. and Krpasundar, V. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Syntactic methodology of pruning large lexicons in cursive script
recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "34",
        YEAR = "2001",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "January",
        PAGES = "37-46",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263601"}

@inproceedings{bb268939,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, G.H. and Govindaraju, V. and Srihari, S.N.",
        TITLE = "A Segmentation and Recognition Strategy for Handwritten Phrases",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "IV: 510-514",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263602"}

@article{bb268940,
        AUTHOR = "Dewaard, W.P.",
        TITLE = "An Optimized Minimal Edit Distance for Hand-Written Word Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "16",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "10",
        MONTH = "October",
        PAGES = "1091-1096",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263603"}

@article{bb268941,
        AUTHOR = "Eliaz, A. and Geiger, D.",
        TITLE = "Word-Level Recognition of Small Sets of Hand-Written Words",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "16",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "10",
        MONTH = "October",
        PAGES = "999-1009",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263604"}

@article{bb268942,
        AUTHOR = "Cho, W.Y. and Lee, S.W. and Kim, J.H.",
        TITLE = "Modeling and Recognition of Cursive Words with Hidden Markov-Models",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "28",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "1941-1953",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263605"}

@article{bb268943,
        AUTHOR = "Gader, P.D. and Mohamed, M.A. and Keller, J.M.",
        TITLE = "Dynamic-Programming-Based Handwritten Word Recognition Using the
Choquet Fuzzy Integral as the Match Function",
        JOURNAL = JEI,
        VOLUME = "5",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "January",
        PAGES = "15-24",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263606"}

@article{bb268944,
        AUTHOR = "Gader, P.D. and Mohamed, M.A. and Chinag, J.H.",
        TITLE = "Comparison of Crisp and Fuzzy Character Neural Networks in
Handwritten Word Recognition",
        JOURNAL = Fuzzy,
        VOLUME = "3",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "August",
        PAGES = "357-364",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263607"}

@article{bb268945,
        AUTHOR = "Gader, P.D. and Mohamed, M.A. and Chiang, J.H.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Word Recognition with Character and Inter-Character
Neural Networks",
        JOURNAL = SMC-B,
        VOLUME = "27",
        YEAR = "1997",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "February",
        PAGES = "158-164",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263608"}

@article{bb268946,
        AUTHOR = "Mohamed, M.A. and Gader, P.D.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Word Recognition Using Segmentation-Free Hidden Markov Modeling
and Segmentation-Based Dynamic-Programming Techniques",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "18",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "548-554",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263609"}

@article{bb268947,
        AUTHOR = "Gader, P.D. and Whalen, M. and Ganzberger, M. and Hepp, D.",
        TITLE = "Handprinted Word Recognition on a NIST Data Set",
        JOURNAL = MVA,
        VOLUME = "8",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "1",
        PAGES = "31-40",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263610"}

@article{bb268948,
        AUTHOR = "Gader, P.D. and Mohamed, M.A. and Keller, J.M.",
        TITLE = "Fusion of Handwritten Word Classifiers",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "17",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "6",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "577-584",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263611"}

@article{bb268949,
        AUTHOR = "Chiang, J.H.",
        TITLE = "A Hybrid Neural Network Model in Handwritten Word Recognition",
        JOURNAL = NeurNet,
        VOLUME = "11",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "337-346",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263612"}

@article{bb268950,
        AUTHOR = "Parisse, C.",
        TITLE = "Global Word Shape Processing in Off-Line Recognition of Handwriting",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "18",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "460-464",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263613"}

@article{bb268951,
        AUTHOR = "Powalka, R.K. and Sherkat, N. and Whitrow, R.J.",
        TITLE = "Word Shape-Analysis for a Hybrid Recognition System",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "30",
        YEAR = "1997",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "421-445",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263614"}

@inproceedings{bb268952,
        AUTHOR = "Sherkat, N.",
        TITLE = "Influence of zoning on whole word recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "II: 1085-1089",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263615"}

@article{bb268953,
        AUTHOR = "Saon, G.",
        TITLE = "Cursive word recognition using a random field based hidden Markov model",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "1",
        YEAR = "1999",
        NUMBER = "4 1999",
        PAGES = "199-208",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263616"}

@article{bb268954,
        AUTHOR = "Zimmermann, M. and Mao, J.",
        TITLE = "Lexicon reduction using key characters in cursive handwritten words",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "20",
        YEAR = "1999",
        NUMBER = "11-13",
        MONTH = "November",
        PAGES = "1297-1304",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263617"}

@article{bb268955,
        AUTHOR = "Vinciarelli, A. and Luettin, J.",
        TITLE = "A new normalization technique for cursive handwritten words",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "22",
        YEAR = "2001",
        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "July",
        PAGES = "1043-1050",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263618"}

@article{bb268956,
        AUTHOR = "Verma, B. and Gader, P.D. and Chen, W.T.",
        TITLE = "Fusion of multiple handwritten word recognition techniques",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "22",
        YEAR = "2001",
        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "July",
        PAGES = "991-998",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263619"}

@article{bb268957,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, J.H. and Gader, P.D.",
        TITLE = "Neural networks with enhanced outlier rejection ability for off-line
handwritten word recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "35",
        YEAR = "2002",
        NUMBER = "10",
        MONTH = "October",
        PAGES = "2061-2071",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263620"}

@inproceedings{bb268958,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, J.H. and Gader, P.D.",
        TITLE = "Outlier Rejection with MLPs and Variants of RBF Networks",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR00,
        YEAR = "2000",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 680-683",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263621"}

@article{bb268959,
        AUTHOR = "Marti, U.V. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "The IAM-database: an English sentence database for offline handwriting
recognition",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "5",
        YEAR = "2002",
        NUMBER = "1",
        PAGES = "39-46",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263622"}

@inproceedings{bb268960,
        AUTHOR = "Marti, U.V. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "On the influence of vocabulary size and language models in
unconstrained handwritten text recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "260-265",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263623"}

@inproceedings{bb268961,
        AUTHOR = "Marti, U.V. and Messerli, R. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Writer identification using text line based features",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "101-105",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263624"}

@inproceedings{bb268962,
        AUTHOR = "Marti, U.V. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Text line segmentation and word recognition in a system for general
writer independent handwriting recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "159-163",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263625"}

@inproceedings{bb268963,
        AUTHOR = "Marti, U.V. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Sentence Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR00,
        YEAR = "2000",
        PAGES = "Vol III: 463-466",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263626"}

@article{bb268964,
        AUTHOR = "Vinciarelli, A.",
        TITLE = "A survey on off-line Cursive Word Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "35",
        YEAR = "2002",
        NUMBER = "7",
        MONTH = "July",
        PAGES = "1433-1446",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263627"}

@article{bb268965,
        AUTHOR = "Vinciarelli, A. and Bengio, S.",
        TITLE = "Writer adaptation techniques in HMM based Off-Line Cursive Script
Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "23",
        YEAR = "2002",
        NUMBER = "8",
        MONTH = "June",
        PAGES = "905-916",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263628"}

@inproceedings{bb268966,
        AUTHOR = "Vinciarelli, A. and Bengio, S.",
        TITLE = "Writer adaptation techniques in off-line cursive word recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "287-291",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263629"}

@inproceedings{bb268967,
        AUTHOR = "Vinciarelli, A. and Bengio, S.",
        TITLE = "Offline cursive word recognition using continuous density hidden Markov
models trained with PCA or ICA features",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "III: 81-84",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263630"}

@article{bb268968,
        AUTHOR = "Vinciarelli, A. and Bengio, S. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Offline Recognition of Unconstrained Handwritten Texts Using HMMs and
Statistical Language Models",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "26",
        YEAR = "2004",
        NUMBER = "6",
        MONTH = "June",
        PAGES = "709-720",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263631"}

@inproceedings{bb268969,
        AUTHOR = "Vinciarelli, A. and Bengio, S. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Offline Recognition of Large Vocabulary Cursive Handwritten Text",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "1101-1105",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263632"}

@inproceedings{bb268970,
        AUTHOR = "Zimmermann, M. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Optimizing the integration of a statistical language model in HMM based
offline handwritten text recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR04,
        YEAR = "2004",
        PAGES = "II: 541-544",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263633"}

@article{bb268971,
        AUTHOR = "Bertolami, R. and Zimmermann, M. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Rejection Strategies for Offline Handwritten Text Line Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "27",
        YEAR = "2006",
        NUMBER = "16",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "2005-2012",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263634"}

@inproceedings{bb268972,
        AUTHOR = "Zimmermann, M. and Bertolami, R. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Rejection strategies for offline handwritten sentence recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR04,
        YEAR = "2004",
        PAGES = "II: 550-553",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263635"}

@article{bb268973,
        AUTHOR = "Bertolami, R. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Hidden Markov Model-Based Ensemble Methods for Offline Handwritten Text
Line Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "41",
        YEAR = "2008",
        NUMBER = "11",
        MONTH = "November",
        PAGES = "3452-3460",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263636"}

@inproceedings{bb268974,
        AUTHOR = "Bertolami, R. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Multiple Handwritten Text Line Recognition Systems Derived from
Specific Integration of a Language Model",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "I: 521-527",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263637"}

@article{bb268975,
        AUTHOR = "Bunke, H. and Roth, M. and Schukat Talamazzini, E.G.",
        TITLE = "Off-Line Cursive Handwriting Recognition Using Hidden Markov-Models",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "28",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "September",
        PAGES = "1399-1413",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263638"}

@inproceedings{bb268976,
        AUTHOR = "Bunke, H. and Roth, M. and Schukat Talamazzini, E.G.",
        TITLE = "Off-line recognition of cursive script produced by a cooperative writer",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR94,
        YEAR = "1994",
        PAGES = "B:383-386",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263639"}

@article{bb268977,
        AUTHOR = "Camastra, F. and Vinciarelli, A.",
        TITLE = "Cursive character recognition by learning vector quantization",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "22",
        YEAR = "2001",
        NUMBER = "6-7",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "625-629",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263640"}

@inproceedings{bb268978,
        AUTHOR = "Camastra, F. and Spinetti, M. and Vinciarelli, A.",
        TITLE = "Offline Cursive Character Challenge: a New Benchmark for Machine
Learning and Pattern Recognition Algorithms.",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "II: 913-916",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263641"}

@article{bb268979,
        AUTHOR = "Camastra, F.",
        TITLE = "A SVM-based cursive character recognizer",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "40",
        YEAR = "2007",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "3721-3727",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263642"}

@article{bb268980,
        AUTHOR = "Pitrelli, J.F. and Roy, A.",
        TITLE = "Creating word-level language models for large-vocabulary handwriting
recognition",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "5",
        YEAR = "2003",
        NUMBER = "2-3",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "126-137",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263643"}

@inproceedings{bb268981,
        AUTHOR = "Pitrelli, J.F. and Roy, A.",
        TITLE = "Creating word-level language models for handwriting recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "721-725",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263644"}

@article{bb268982,
        AUTHOR = "Pitrelli, J.F. and Subrahmonia, J. and Perrone, M.P.",
        TITLE = "Confidence modeling for handwriting recognition:
Algorithms and Applications",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "8",
        YEAR = "2006",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "35-46",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263645"}

@inproceedings{bb268983,
        AUTHOR = "Pitrelli, J.F. and Perrone, M.P.",
        TITLE = "Confidence-scoring post-processing for off-line handwritten-character
recognition verification",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "278-282",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263646"}

@inproceedings{bb268984,
        AUTHOR = "Pitrelli, J.F. and Perrone, M.P.",
        TITLE = "Confidence modeling for verification post-processing for handwriting
recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "30-35",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263647"}

@article{bb268985,
        AUTHOR = "Gunter, S. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "HMM-based handwritten word recognition: on the optimization of the
number of states, training iterations and Gaussian components",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "37",
        YEAR = "2004",
        NUMBER = "10",
        MONTH = "October",
        PAGES = "2069-2079",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263648"}

@inproceedings{bb268986,
        AUTHOR = "Gunter, S. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Optimizing the number of states, training iterations and Gaussians in
an HMM-based handwritten word recognizer",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "472-476",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263649"}

@article{bb268987,
        AUTHOR = "Graves, A. and Liwicki, M. and Fernandez, S. and Bertolami, R. and Bunke, H. and Schmidhuber, J.",
        TITLE = "A Novel Connectionist System for Unconstrained Handwriting Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "31",
        YEAR = "2009",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "855-868",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263650"}

@inproceedings{bb268988,
        AUTHOR = "Indermuhle, E. and Frinken, V. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Mode Detection in Online Handwritten Documents Using BLSTM Neural
Networks",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "302-307",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263651"}

@inproceedings{bb268989,
        AUTHOR = "Indermuhle, E. and Frinken, V. and Fischer, A. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Keyword Spotting in Online Handwritten Documents Containing Text and
Non-text Using BLSTM Neural Networks",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "73-77",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263652"}

@article{bb268990,
        AUTHOR = "Frinken, V. and Fischer, A. and Manmatha, R. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "A Novel Word Spotting Method Based on Recurrent Neural Networks",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "34",
        YEAR = "2012",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "February",
        PAGES = "211-224",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263653"}

@inproceedings{bb268991,
        AUTHOR = "Liwicki, M. and Indermuhle, E. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "On-Line Handwritten Text Line Detection Using Dynamic Programming",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "447-451",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263654"}

@inproceedings{bb268992,
        AUTHOR = "Liwicki, M. and Scherz, M. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Word Extraction from On-Line Handwritten Text Lines",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "II: 929-933",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263655"}

@inproceedings{bb268993,
        AUTHOR = "Frinken, V. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Self-training for Handwritten Text Line Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = CIARP10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "104-112",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263656"}

@inproceedings{bb268994,
        AUTHOR = "Varga, T. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Tree structure for word extraction from handwritten text lines",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "I: 352-356",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263657"}

@inproceedings{bb268995,
        AUTHOR = "Varga, T. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Off-line handwritten textline recognition using a mixture of natural
and synthetic training data",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR04,
        YEAR = "2004",
        PAGES = "II: 545-549",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263658"}

@inproceedings{bb268996,
        AUTHOR = "Varga, T. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Generation of synthetic training data for an HMM-based handwriting
recognition system",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "618-622",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263659"}

@article{bb268997,
        AUTHOR = "Gunter, S. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Feature selection algorithms for the generation of multiple classifier
systems and their application to handwritten word recognition",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "25",
        YEAR = "2004",
        NUMBER = "11",
        MONTH = "August",
        PAGES = "1323-1336",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263660"}

@article{bb268998,
        AUTHOR = "Zimmermann, M. and Chappelier, J.C. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Offline Grammar-Based Recognition of Handwritten Sentences",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "28",
        YEAR = "2006",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "818-821",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263661"}

@inproceedings{bb268999,
        AUTHOR = "Zimmermann, M. and Chappelier, J.C. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Parsing N-best lists of handwritten sentences",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "572-576",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT263662"}

Last update:Oct 16, 2021 at 11:54:21