@article{bb263400,
        AUTHOR = "El Yacoubi, M.A. and Gilloux, M. and Sabourin, R. and Suen, C.Y.",
        TITLE = "An HMM-Based Approach for Off-Line Unconstrained Handwritten Word
Modeling and Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "21",
        YEAR = "1999",
        NUMBER = "8",
        MONTH = "August",
        PAGES = "752-760",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258120"}

@article{bb263401,
        AUTHOR = "Koerich, A.L. and Sabourin, R. and Suen, C.Y.",
        TITLE = "Recognition and Verification of Unconstrained Handwritten Words",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "27",
        YEAR = "2005",
        NUMBER = "10",
        MONTH = "October",
        PAGES = "1509-1522",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258121"}

@article{bb263402,
        AUTHOR = "Koerich, A.L. and Sabourin, R. and Suen, C.Y.",
        TITLE = "Lexicon-driven HMM decoding for large vocabulary handwriting
recognition with multiple character models",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "6",
        YEAR = "2003",
        NUMBER = "2",
        PAGES = "126-144",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258122"}

@inproceedings{bb263403,
        AUTHOR = "Koerich, A.L. and Sabourin, R. and Suen, C.Y.",
        TITLE = "A distributed scheme for lexicon-driven handwritten word recognition
and its application to large vocabulary problems",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "660-664",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258123"}

@inproceedings{bb263404,
        AUTHOR = "Koerich, A.L. and Leydier, Y. and Sabourin, R. and Suen, C.Y.",
        TITLE = "A hybrid large vocabulary handwritten word recognition system using
neural networks with hidden markov models",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "99-104",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258124"}

@inproceedings{bb263405,
        AUTHOR = "Suen, C.Y. and Sabourin, R. and El Yacoubi, A.",
        TITLE = "Improved Model Architecture and Training Phase in an
Off-Line HMM-Based Word Recognition System",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 1521-1525",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258125"}

@inproceedings{bb263406,
        AUTHOR = "Morita, M. and Sabourin, R. and Bortolozzi, F. and Suen, C.Y.",
        TITLE = "Unsupervised Feature Selection Using Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithms
for Handwritten Word Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "666-670",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258126"}

@article{bb263407,
        AUTHOR = "Clergeautournemire, S. and Plamondon, R.",
        TITLE = "Integration of Lexical and Syntactic Knowledge in a
Handwriting-Recognition System",
        JOURNAL = MVA,
        VOLUME = "8",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "4",
        PAGES = "249-259",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258127"}

@article{bb263408,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, G.H. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "A Lexicon Driven Approach to Handwritten Word Recognition
for Real-Time Applications",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "19",
        YEAR = "1997",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "366-379",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258128"}

@article{bb263409,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, G.H. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Phrase Recognition As Applied To Street Name Images",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "31",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "January",
        PAGES = "41-51",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258129"}

@inproceedings{bb263410,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, G.H. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of Handwritten Phrases as Applied to Street Name Images",
        BOOKTITLE = CVPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "459-464",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258130"}

@article{bb263411,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, G.H. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Efficient Chain Code Based Image Manipulation for
Handwritten Word Recognition",
        JOURNAL = SPIE,
        VOLUME = "2660",
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "262-272",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258131"}

@article{bb263412,
        AUTHOR = "Govindaraju, V. and Krishnamurthy, R.K.",
        TITLE = "Holistic Handwritten Word Recognition Using Temporal Features
Derived from Off-Line Images",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "17",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "537-540",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258132"}

@article{bb263413,
        AUTHOR = "Madhvanath, S. and Kleinberg, E. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Holistic Verification of Handwritten Phrases",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "21",
        YEAR = "1999",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "1344-1356",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258133"}

@inproceedings{bb263414,
        AUTHOR = "Madhvanath, S. and Kleinberg, E. and Govindaraju, V. and Srihari, S.N.",
        TITLE = "The Hover System for Rapid Holistic Verification of
Off-Line Handwritten Phrases",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "855-859",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258134"}

@article{bb263415,
        AUTHOR = "Madhvanath, S. and Govindaraju, V. and Srihari, S.N.",
        TITLE = "Reading Handwritten Phrases on US Census Forms",
        JOURNAL = IJIST,
        VOLUME = "7",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "4",
        PAGES = "312-319",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258135"}

@article{bb263416,
        AUTHOR = "Madhvanath, S. and Kim, G.H. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Chaincode Contour Processing for Handwritten Word Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "21",
        YEAR = "1999",
        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "September",
        PAGES = "928-932",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258136"}

@article{bb263417,
        AUTHOR = "Madhvanath, S. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "The Role of Holistic Paradigms in Handwritten Word Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "23",
        YEAR = "2001",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "February",
        PAGES = "149-164",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258137"}

@inproceedings{bb263418,
        AUTHOR = "Madhvanath, S. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Contour-Based Image Preprocessing for
Holistic Handwritten Word Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "536-539",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258138"}

@inproceedings{bb263419,
        AUTHOR = "Madhvanath, S. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Pruning Large Lexicons Using Generalized Word Shape Descriptors",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "552-555",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258139"}

@article{bb263420,
        AUTHOR = "Madhvanath, S. and Krpasundar, V. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Syntactic methodology of pruning large lexicons in cursive script
recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "34",
        YEAR = "2001",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "January",
        PAGES = "37-46",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258140"}

@inproceedings{bb263421,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, G.H. and Govindaraju, V. and Srihari, S.N.",
        TITLE = "A Segmentation and Recognition Strategy for Handwritten Phrases",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "IV: 510-514",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258141"}

@article{bb263422,
        AUTHOR = "Dewaard, W.P.",
        TITLE = "An Optimized Minimal Edit Distance for Hand-Written Word Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "16",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "10",
        MONTH = "October",
        PAGES = "1091-1096",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258142"}

@article{bb263423,
        AUTHOR = "Eliaz, A. and Geiger, D.",
        TITLE = "Word-Level Recognition of Small Sets of Hand-Written Words",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "16",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "10",
        MONTH = "October",
        PAGES = "999-1009",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258143"}

@article{bb263424,
        AUTHOR = "Cho, W.Y. and Lee, S.W. and Kim, J.H.",
        TITLE = "Modeling and Recognition of Cursive Words with Hidden Markov-Models",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "28",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "1941-1953",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258144"}

@article{bb263425,
        AUTHOR = "Gader, P.D. and Mohamed, M.A. and Keller, J.M.",
        TITLE = "Dynamic-Programming-Based Handwritten Word Recognition Using the
Choquet Fuzzy Integral as the Match Function",
        JOURNAL = JEI,
        VOLUME = "5",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "January",
        PAGES = "15-24",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258145"}

@article{bb263426,
        AUTHOR = "Gader, P.D. and Mohamed, M.A. and Chinag, J.H.",
        TITLE = "Comparison of Crisp and Fuzzy Character Neural Networks in
Handwritten Word Recognition",
        JOURNAL = Fuzzy,
        VOLUME = "3",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "August",
        PAGES = "357-364",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258146"}

@article{bb263427,
        AUTHOR = "Gader, P.D. and Mohamed, M.A. and Chiang, J.H.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Word Recognition with Character and Inter-Character
Neural Networks",
        JOURNAL = SMC-B,
        VOLUME = "27",
        YEAR = "1997",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "February",
        PAGES = "158-164",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258147"}

@article{bb263428,
        AUTHOR = "Mohamed, M.A. and Gader, P.D.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Word Recognition Using Segmentation-Free Hidden Markov Modeling
and Segmentation-Based Dynamic-Programming Techniques",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "18",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "548-554",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258148"}

@article{bb263429,
        AUTHOR = "Gader, P.D. and Whalen, M. and Ganzberger, M. and Hepp, D.",
        TITLE = "Handprinted Word Recognition on a NIST Data Set",
        JOURNAL = MVA,
        VOLUME = "8",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "1",
        PAGES = "31-40",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258149"}

@article{bb263430,
        AUTHOR = "Gader, P.D. and Mohamed, M.A. and Keller, J.M.",
        TITLE = "Fusion of Handwritten Word Classifiers",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "17",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "6",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "577-584",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258150"}

@article{bb263431,
        AUTHOR = "Chiang, J.H.",
        TITLE = "A Hybrid Neural Network Model in Handwritten Word Recognition",
        JOURNAL = NeurNet,
        VOLUME = "11",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "337-346",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258151"}

@article{bb263432,
        AUTHOR = "Parisse, C.",
        TITLE = "Global Word Shape Processing in Off-Line Recognition of Handwriting",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "18",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "460-464",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258152"}

@article{bb263433,
        AUTHOR = "Powalka, R.K. and Sherkat, N. and Whitrow, R.J.",
        TITLE = "Word Shape-Analysis for a Hybrid Recognition System",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "30",
        YEAR = "1997",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "421-445",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258153"}

@inproceedings{bb263434,
        AUTHOR = "Sherkat, N.",
        TITLE = "Influence of zoning on whole word recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "II: 1085-1089",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258154"}

@article{bb263435,
        AUTHOR = "Saon, G.",
        TITLE = "Cursive word recognition using a random field based hidden Markov model",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "1",
        YEAR = "1999",
        NUMBER = "4 1999",
        PAGES = "199-208",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258155"}

@article{bb263436,
        AUTHOR = "Zimmermann, M. and Mao, J.",
        TITLE = "Lexicon reduction using key characters in cursive handwritten words",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "20",
        YEAR = "1999",
        NUMBER = "11-13",
        MONTH = "November",
        PAGES = "1297-1304",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258156"}

@article{bb263437,
        AUTHOR = "Vinciarelli, A. and Luettin, J.",
        TITLE = "A new normalization technique for cursive handwritten words",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "22",
        YEAR = "2001",
        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "July",
        PAGES = "1043-1050",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258157"}

@article{bb263438,
        AUTHOR = "Verma, B. and Gader, P.D. and Chen, W.T.",
        TITLE = "Fusion of multiple handwritten word recognition techniques",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "22",
        YEAR = "2001",
        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "July",
        PAGES = "991-998",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258158"}

@article{bb263439,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, J.H. and Gader, P.D.",
        TITLE = "Neural networks with enhanced outlier rejection ability for off-line
handwritten word recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "35",
        YEAR = "2002",
        NUMBER = "10",
        MONTH = "October",
        PAGES = "2061-2071",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258159"}

@inproceedings{bb263440,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, J.H. and Gader, P.D.",
        TITLE = "Outlier Rejection with MLPs and Variants of RBF Networks",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR00,
        YEAR = "2000",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 680-683",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258160"}

@article{bb263441,
        AUTHOR = "Marti, U.V. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "The IAM-database: an English sentence database for offline handwriting
recognition",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "5",
        YEAR = "2002",
        NUMBER = "1",
        PAGES = "39-46",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258161"}

@inproceedings{bb263442,
        AUTHOR = "Marti, U.V. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "On the influence of vocabulary size and language models in
unconstrained handwritten text recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "260-265",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258162"}

@inproceedings{bb263443,
        AUTHOR = "Marti, U.V. and Messerli, R. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Writer identification using text line based features",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "101-105",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258163"}

@inproceedings{bb263444,
        AUTHOR = "Marti, U.V. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Text line segmentation and word recognition in a system for general
writer independent handwriting recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "159-163",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258164"}

@inproceedings{bb263445,
        AUTHOR = "Marti, U.V. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Sentence Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR00,
        YEAR = "2000",
        PAGES = "Vol III: 463-466",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258165"}

@article{bb263446,
        AUTHOR = "Vinciarelli, A.",
        TITLE = "A survey on off-line Cursive Word Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "35",
        YEAR = "2002",
        NUMBER = "7",
        MONTH = "July",
        PAGES = "1433-1446",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258166"}

@article{bb263447,
        AUTHOR = "Vinciarelli, A. and Bengio, S.",
        TITLE = "Writer adaptation techniques in HMM based Off-Line Cursive Script
Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "23",
        YEAR = "2002",
        NUMBER = "8",
        MONTH = "June",
        PAGES = "905-916",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258167"}

@inproceedings{bb263448,
        AUTHOR = "Vinciarelli, A. and Bengio, S.",
        TITLE = "Writer adaptation techniques in off-line cursive word recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "287-291",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258168"}

@inproceedings{bb263449,
        AUTHOR = "Vinciarelli, A. and Bengio, S.",
        TITLE = "Offline cursive word recognition using continuous density hidden Markov
models trained with PCA or ICA features",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "III: 81-84",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258169"}

@article{bb263450,
        AUTHOR = "Vinciarelli, A. and Bengio, S. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Offline Recognition of Unconstrained Handwritten Texts Using HMMs and
Statistical Language Models",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "26",
        YEAR = "2004",
        NUMBER = "6",
        MONTH = "June",
        PAGES = "709-720",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258170"}

@inproceedings{bb263451,
        AUTHOR = "Vinciarelli, A. and Bengio, S. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Offline Recognition of Large Vocabulary Cursive Handwritten Text",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "1101-1105",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258171"}

@inproceedings{bb263452,
        AUTHOR = "Zimmermann, M. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Optimizing the integration of a statistical language model in HMM based
offline handwritten text recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR04,
        YEAR = "2004",
        PAGES = "II: 541-544",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258172"}

@article{bb263453,
        AUTHOR = "Bertolami, R. and Zimmermann, M. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Rejection Strategies for Offline Handwritten Text Line Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "27",
        YEAR = "2006",
        NUMBER = "16",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "2005-2012",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258173"}

@inproceedings{bb263454,
        AUTHOR = "Zimmermann, M. and Bertolami, R. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Rejection strategies for offline handwritten sentence recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR04,
        YEAR = "2004",
        PAGES = "II: 550-553",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258174"}

@article{bb263455,
        AUTHOR = "Bertolami, R. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Hidden Markov Model-Based Ensemble Methods for Offline Handwritten Text
Line Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "41",
        YEAR = "2008",
        NUMBER = "11",
        MONTH = "November",
        PAGES = "3452-3460",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258175"}

@inproceedings{bb263456,
        AUTHOR = "Bertolami, R. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Multiple Handwritten Text Line Recognition Systems Derived from
Specific Integration of a Language Model",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "I: 521-527",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258176"}

@article{bb263457,
        AUTHOR = "Bunke, H. and Roth, M. and Schukat Talamazzini, E.G.",
        TITLE = "Off-Line Cursive Handwriting Recognition Using Hidden Markov-Models",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "28",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "September",
        PAGES = "1399-1413",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258177"}

@inproceedings{bb263458,
        AUTHOR = "Bunke, H. and Roth, M. and Schukat Talamazzini, E.G.",
        TITLE = "Off-line recognition of cursive script produced by a cooperative writer",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR94,
        YEAR = "1994",
        PAGES = "B:383-386",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258178"}

@article{bb263459,
        AUTHOR = "Camastra, F. and Vinciarelli, A.",
        TITLE = "Cursive character recognition by learning vector quantization",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "22",
        YEAR = "2001",
        NUMBER = "6-7",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "625-629",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258179"}

@inproceedings{bb263460,
        AUTHOR = "Camastra, F. and Spinetti, M. and Vinciarelli, A.",
        TITLE = "Offline Cursive Character Challenge: a New Benchmark for Machine
Learning and Pattern Recognition Algorithms.",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "II: 913-916",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258180"}

@article{bb263461,
        AUTHOR = "Camastra, F.",
        TITLE = "A SVM-based cursive character recognizer",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "40",
        YEAR = "2007",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "3721-3727",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258181"}

@article{bb263462,
        AUTHOR = "Pitrelli, J.F. and Roy, A.",
        TITLE = "Creating word-level language models for large-vocabulary handwriting
recognition",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "5",
        YEAR = "2003",
        NUMBER = "2-3",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "126-137",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258182"}

@inproceedings{bb263463,
        AUTHOR = "Pitrelli, J.F. and Roy, A.",
        TITLE = "Creating word-level language models for handwriting recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "721-725",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258183"}

@article{bb263464,
        AUTHOR = "Pitrelli, J.F. and Subrahmonia, J. and Perrone, M.P.",
        TITLE = "Confidence modeling for handwriting recognition:
Algorithms and Applications",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "8",
        YEAR = "2006",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "35-46",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258184"}

@inproceedings{bb263465,
        AUTHOR = "Pitrelli, J.F. and Perrone, M.P.",
        TITLE = "Confidence-scoring post-processing for off-line handwritten-character
recognition verification",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "278-282",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258185"}

@inproceedings{bb263466,
        AUTHOR = "Pitrelli, J.F. and Perrone, M.P.",
        TITLE = "Confidence modeling for verification post-processing for handwriting
recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "30-35",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258186"}

@article{bb263467,
        AUTHOR = "Gunter, S. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "HMM-based handwritten word recognition: on the optimization of the
number of states, training iterations and Gaussian components",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "37",
        YEAR = "2004",
        NUMBER = "10",
        MONTH = "October",
        PAGES = "2069-2079",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258187"}

@inproceedings{bb263468,
        AUTHOR = "Gunter, S. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Optimizing the number of states, training iterations and Gaussians in
an HMM-based handwritten word recognizer",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "472-476",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258188"}

@article{bb263469,
        AUTHOR = "Graves, A. and Liwicki, M. and Fernandez, S. and Bertolami, R. and Bunke, H. and Schmidhuber, J.",
        TITLE = "A Novel Connectionist System for Unconstrained Handwriting Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "31",
        YEAR = "2009",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "855-868",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258189"}

@inproceedings{bb263470,
        AUTHOR = "Indermuhle, E. and Frinken, V. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Mode Detection in Online Handwritten Documents Using BLSTM Neural
Networks",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "302-307",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258190"}

@inproceedings{bb263471,
        AUTHOR = "Indermuhle, E. and Frinken, V. and Fischer, A. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Keyword Spotting in Online Handwritten Documents Containing Text and
Non-text Using BLSTM Neural Networks",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "73-77",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258191"}

@article{bb263472,
        AUTHOR = "Frinken, V. and Fischer, A. and Manmatha, R. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "A Novel Word Spotting Method Based on Recurrent Neural Networks",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "34",
        YEAR = "2012",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "February",
        PAGES = "211-224",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258192"}

@inproceedings{bb263473,
        AUTHOR = "Liwicki, M. and Indermuhle, E. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "On-Line Handwritten Text Line Detection Using Dynamic Programming",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "447-451",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258193"}

@inproceedings{bb263474,
        AUTHOR = "Liwicki, M. and Scherz, M. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Word Extraction from On-Line Handwritten Text Lines",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "II: 929-933",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258194"}

@inproceedings{bb263475,
        AUTHOR = "Frinken, V. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Self-training for Handwritten Text Line Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = CIARP10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "104-112",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258195"}

@inproceedings{bb263476,
        AUTHOR = "Varga, T. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Tree structure for word extraction from handwritten text lines",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "I: 352-356",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258196"}

@inproceedings{bb263477,
        AUTHOR = "Varga, T. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Off-line handwritten textline recognition using a mixture of natural
and synthetic training data",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR04,
        YEAR = "2004",
        PAGES = "II: 545-549",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258197"}

@inproceedings{bb263478,
        AUTHOR = "Varga, T. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Generation of synthetic training data for an HMM-based handwriting
recognition system",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "618-622",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258198"}

@article{bb263479,
        AUTHOR = "Gunter, S. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Feature selection algorithms for the generation of multiple classifier
systems and their application to handwritten word recognition",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "25",
        YEAR = "2004",
        NUMBER = "11",
        MONTH = "August",
        PAGES = "1323-1336",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258199"}

@article{bb263480,
        AUTHOR = "Zimmermann, M. and Chappelier, J.C. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Offline Grammar-Based Recognition of Handwritten Sentences",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "28",
        YEAR = "2006",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "818-821",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258200"}

@inproceedings{bb263481,
        AUTHOR = "Zimmermann, M. and Chappelier, J.C. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Parsing N-best lists of handwritten sentences",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "572-576",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258201"}

@article{bb263482,
        AUTHOR = "Rath, T.M. and Manmatha, R.",
        TITLE = "Word spotting for historical documents",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "9",
        YEAR = "2007",
        NUMBER = "2-4",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "139-152",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258202"}

@article{bb263483,
        AUTHOR = "Manmatha, R. and Rath, T.M.",
        TITLE = "Word spotting for historical documents",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "9",
        YEAR = "2007",
        NUMBER = "2-4",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "299",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258202"}

@inproceedings{bb263484,
        AUTHOR = "Rath, T.M. and Manmatha, R.",
        TITLE = "Word image matching using dynamic time warping",
        BOOKTITLE = CVPR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "II: 521-527",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258203"}

@inproceedings{bb263485,
        AUTHOR = "Rath, T.M. and Manmatha, R.",
        TITLE = "Features for word spotting in historical manuscripts",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "218-222",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258204"}

@inproceedings{bb263486,
        AUTHOR = "Lavrenko, V. and Rath, T.M. and Manmatha, R.",
        TITLE = "Holistic word recognition for handwritten historical documents",
        BOOKTITLE = DIAL04,
        YEAR = "2004",
        PAGES = "278-287",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258205"}

@article{bb263487,
        AUTHOR = "Adamek, T. and O'Connor, N.E. and Smeaton, A.F.",
        TITLE = "Word matching using single closed contours for indexing handwritten
historical documents",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "9",
        YEAR = "2007",
        NUMBER = "2-4",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "153-165",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258206"}

@article{bb263488,
        AUTHOR = "Konidaris, T. and Gatos, B. and Ntzios, K. and Pratikakis, I.E. and Theodoridis, S. and Perantonis, S.J.",
        TITLE = "Keyword-guided word spotting in historical printed documents using
synthetic data and user feedback",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "9",
        YEAR = "2007",
        NUMBER = "2-4",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "167-177",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258207"}

@inproceedings{bb263489,
        AUTHOR = "Gatos, B. and Pratikakis, I.E.",
        TITLE = "Segmentation-Free Word Spotting in Historical Printed Documents",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "271-275",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258208"}

@article{bb263490,
        AUTHOR = "Ruiz Pinales, J. and Jaime Rivas, R. and Castro Bleda, M.J.",
        TITLE = "Holistic cursive word recognition based on perceptual features",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "28",
        YEAR = "2007",
        NUMBER = "13",
        MONTH = "October",
        PAGES = "1600-1609",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258209"}

@article{bb263491,
        AUTHOR = "Farooq, F. and Jose, D. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Phrase-based correction model for improving handwriting recognition
accuracies",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "42",
        YEAR = "2009",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "3271-3277",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258210"}

@article{bb263492,
        AUTHOR = "Howe, N.R. and Feng, S.L. and Manmatha, R.",
        TITLE = "Finding words in alphabet soup:
Inference on freeform character recognition for historical scripts",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "42",
        YEAR = "2009",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "3338-3347",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258211"}

@article{bb263493,
        AUTHOR = "Cao, H.G. and Bhardwaj, A. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "A probabilistic method for keyword retrieval in handwritten document
images",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "42",
        YEAR = "2009",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "3374-3382",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258212"}

@article{bb263494,
        AUTHOR = "Cao, H.G. and Govindaraju, V. and Bhardwaj, A.",
        TITLE = "Unconstrained handwritten document retrieval",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "14",
        YEAR = "2011",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "June",
        PAGES = "145-157",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258213"}

@article{bb263495,
        AUTHOR = "Li, Q. and Chen, Y.Z.P.",
        TITLE = "Personalized text snippet extraction using statistical language models",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "43",
        YEAR = "2010",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "January",
        PAGES = "378-386",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258214"}

@article{bb263496,
        AUTHOR = "Farooq, F. and Bhardwaj, A. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Using topic models for OCR correction",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "12",
        YEAR = "2009",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "September",
        PAGES = "xx-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258215"}

@article{bb263497,
        AUTHOR = "Can, E.F. and Duygulu, P.",
        TITLE = "A line-based representation for matching words in historical
manuscripts",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "32",
        YEAR = "2011",
        NUMBER = "8",
        MONTH = "June",
        PAGES = "1126-1138",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258216"}

@inproceedings{bb263498,
        AUTHOR = "Can, E.F. and Duygulu, P. and Can, F. and Kalpakli, M.",
        TITLE = "Redif Extraction in Handwritten Ottoman Literary Texts",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "1941-1944",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258217"}

@inproceedings{bb263499,
        AUTHOR = "Ataer, E. and Duygulu, P.",
        TITLE = "Matching Ottoman Words:
An image retrieval approach to historical document indexing",
        BOOKTITLE = CIVR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "341-347",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1018.html#TT258218"}

Last update:Jun 21, 2021 at 13:48:20