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@inproceedings{bb259702,
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@inproceedings{bb259703,
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@inproceedings{bb259704,
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@inproceedings{bb259705,
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@inproceedings{bb259706,
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@inproceedings{bb259707,
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@inproceedings{bb259708,
        AUTHOR = "Zamberletti, A. and Noce, L. and Gallo, I.",
        TITLE = "Text Localization Based on Fast Feature Pyramids and Multi-Resolution
Maximally Stable Extremal Regions",
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@inproceedings{bb259709,
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        TITLE = "Robust scene text detection using integrated feature discrimination",
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@inproceedings{bb259710,
        AUTHOR = "Inai, K. and Palsson, M. and Frinken, V. and Feng, Y. and Uchida, S.",
        TITLE = "Selective Concealment of Characters for Privacy Protection",
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@inproceedings{bb259711,
        AUTHOR = "Sun, L. and Huo, Q.A. and Jia, W. and Chen, K.",
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Color-Enhanced Contrasting Extremal Region and Neural Networks",
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@inproceedings{bb259712,
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@inproceedings{bb259713,
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@inproceedings{bb259714,
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        TITLE = "Transparent Text Detection and Background Recovery",
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@inproceedings{bb259715,
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        TITLE = "Spatially Prioritized and Persistent Text Detection and Decoding",
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@inproceedings{bb259716,
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        TITLE = "Scene Text Detection via Integrated Discrimination of Component
Appearance and Consensus",
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@inproceedings{bb259717,
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User-Intention",
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@inproceedings{bb259718,
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@inproceedings{bb259719,
        AUTHOR = "Li, L. and Panichkriangkrai, C. and Hachimura, K.",
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@inproceedings{bb259720,
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@inproceedings{bb259721,
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@inproceedings{bb259722,
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@inproceedings{bb259723,
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@inproceedings{bb259725,
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@inproceedings{bb259726,
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@inproceedings{bb259727,
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@inproceedings{bb259731,
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@inproceedings{bb259732,
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@inproceedings{bb259733,
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@inproceedings{bb259735,
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@inproceedings{bb259737,
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@inproceedings{bb259739,
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@inproceedings{bb259740,
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@inproceedings{bb259741,
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@inproceedings{bb259742,
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@inproceedings{bb259745,
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@inproceedings{bb259746,
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@inproceedings{bb259747,
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@inproceedings{bb259748,
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@inproceedings{bb259750,
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@inproceedings{bb259751,
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on Complex Backgrounds",
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@inproceedings{bb259752,
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        TITLE = "Detecting Text in Natural Scenes Based on a Reduction of Photometric
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        YEAR = "2011",
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@inproceedings{bb259753,
        AUTHOR = "Tremeau, A. and Fernando, B. and Karaoglu, S. and Muselet, D.",
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@inproceedings{bb259754,
        AUTHOR = "Karaoglu, S. and Fernando, B. and Tremeau, A.",
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@inproceedings{bb259755,
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@inproceedings{bb259756,
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@inproceedings{bb259757,
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@inproceedings{bb259758,
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@inproceedings{bb259759,
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@inproceedings{bb259760,
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@inproceedings{bb259761,
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@inproceedings{bb259762,
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@inproceedings{bb259763,
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@inproceedings{bb259764,
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@inproceedings{bb259765,
        AUTHOR = "Clavelli, A. and Karatzas, D.",
        TITLE = "Text Segmentation in Colour Posters from the Spanish Civil War Era",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "181-185",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254504"}

@inproceedings{bb259766,
        AUTHOR = "Chowdhury, S.P. and Dhar, S. and Das, A.K. and Chanda, B. and McMenemy, K.",
        TITLE = "Robust Extraction of Text from Camera Images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "1280-1284",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254505"}

@inproceedings{bb259767,
        AUTHOR = "Zini, L. and Destrero, A. and Odone, F.",
        TITLE = "A Classification Architecture Based on Connected Components for Text
Detection in Unconstrained Environments",
        BOOKTITLE = AVSBS09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "176-181",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254506"}

@inproceedings{bb259768,
        AUTHOR = "Hanif, S.M. and Prevost, L.",
        TITLE = "Text Detection and Localization in Complex Scene Images using
Constrained AdaBoost Algorithm",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "1-5",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254507"}

@inproceedings{bb259769,
        AUTHOR = "Emmanouilidis, C. and Batsalas, C. and Papamarkos, N.",
        TITLE = "Development and Evaluation of Text Localization Techniques Based on
Structural Texture Features and Neural Classifiers",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "1270-1274",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254508"}

@inproceedings{bb259770,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, Z.Y. and Sarkar, S.",
        TITLE = "Robust outdoor text detection using text intensity and shape features",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "1-4",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254509"}

@inproceedings{bb259771,
        AUTHOR = "Hanif, S.M. and Prevost, L. and Negri, P.A.",
        TITLE = "A cascade detector for text detection in natural scene images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "1-4",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254510"}

@inproceedings{bb259772,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, F. and Peng, X. and Wang, T. and Lu, S.F.",
        TITLE = "A density-based approach for text extraction in images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "1-4",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254511"}

@inproceedings{bb259773,
        AUTHOR = "Jafri, S.A.R. and Boutin, M. and Delp, E.J.",
        TITLE = "Automatic text area segmentation in natural images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "3196-3199",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254512"}

@inproceedings{bb259774,
        AUTHOR = "di Stefano, L. and Tombari, F. and Lanza, A. and Mattoccia, S. and Monti, S.",
        TITLE = "Graffiti Detection Using Two Views",
        BOOKTITLE = VS08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "xx-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254513"}

@inproceedings{bb259775,
        AUTHOR = "Tombari, F. and di Stefano, L. and Mattoccia, S. and Zanetti, A.",
        TITLE = "Graffiti Detection Using a Time-Of-Flight Camera",
        BOOKTITLE = ACIVS08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "xx-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254514"}

@inproceedings{bb259776,
        AUTHOR = "Xu, P.F. and Ji, R.R. and Yao, H.X. and Sun, X.S. and Liu, T.Q. and Liu, X.M.",
        TITLE = "Text Particles Multi-band Fusion for Robust Text Detection",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIAR08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "xx-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254515"}

@inproceedings{bb259777,
        AUTHOR = "Mancas Thillou, C. and Gosselin, B.",
        TITLE = "Spatial and Color Spaces Combination for Natural Scene Text Extraction",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "985-988",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254516"}

@inproceedings{bb259778,
        AUTHOR = "Shen, H.Y. and Coughlan, J.L.",
        TITLE = "Grouping Using Factor Graphs:
An Approach for Finding Text with a Camera Phone",
        BOOKTITLE = GbRPR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "394-403",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254517"}

@inproceedings{bb259779,
        AUTHOR = "Shen, H.Y. and Coughlan, J.L.",
        TITLE = "Finding Text in Natural Scenes by Figure-Ground Segmentation",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "IV: 113-118",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254518"}

@inproceedings{bb259780,
        AUTHOR = "Shen, H.Y. and Coughlan, J.L.",
        TITLE = "Reading LCD/LED Displays with a Camera Cell Phone",
        BOOKTITLE = EmbedCV06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "119",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254519"}

@inproceedings{bb259781,
        AUTHOR = "Claudino, L.M.B. and Braga, A.P. and Araujo, A.A. and Oliveira, A.F.",
        TITLE = "Unsupervised Segmentation of Text Fragments in Real Scenes",
        BOOKTITLE = CIAP05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "399-406",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254520"}

@inproceedings{bb259782,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, C.M. and Wang, C.H. and Dai, R.W.",
        TITLE = "Text detection in images based on unsupervised classification of
edge-based features",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "II: 610-614",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254521"}

@inproceedings{bb259783,
        AUTHOR = "Bargeron, D. and Viola, P. and Simard, P.Y.",
        TITLE = "Boosting-based transductive learning for text detection",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "II: 1166-1171",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254522"}

@inproceedings{bb259784,
        AUTHOR = "Li, C. and Ding, X.Q. and Wu, Y.S.",
        TITLE = "Automatic text location in natural scene images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "1069-1073",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254523"}

@inproceedings{bb259785,
        AUTHOR = "Nourbakhsh, F. and Pati, P.B. and Ramakrishnan, A.G.",
        TITLE = "Text Localization and Extraction from Complex Gray Images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICCVGIP06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "776-785",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254524"}

@inproceedings{bb259786,
        AUTHOR = "Raju, S.S. and Pati, P.B. and Ramakrishnan, A.G.",
        TITLE = "Text Localization and Extraction from Complex Color Images",
        BOOKTITLE = ISVC05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "486-493",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254525"}

@inproceedings{bb259787,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, J.S. and Park, S.C. and Kim, S.H.",
        TITLE = "Text locating from natural scene images using image intensities",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "II: 655-659",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254526"}

@inproceedings{bb259788,
        AUTHOR = "Angiati, D. and Gera, G. and Piva, S. and Regazzoni, C.S.",
        TITLE = "A novel method for graffiti detection using change detection algorithm",
        BOOKTITLE = AVSBS05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "242-246",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254527"}

@inproceedings{bb259789,
        AUTHOR = "Marcenaro, L. and Oberti, F. and Regazzoni, C.S.",
        TITLE = "Change Detection Methods for Automatic Scene Analysis by Using Mobile
Surveillance Cameras",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP00,
        YEAR = "2000",
        PAGES = "Vol I: 244-247",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254528"}

@inproceedings{bb259790,
        AUTHOR = "Zhang, D.Q. and Chang, S.F.",
        TITLE = "Learning to Detect Scene Text Using a Higher-Order MRF with Belief
Propagation",
        BOOKTITLE = LCV04,
        YEAR = "2004",
        PAGES = "101",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254529"}

@inproceedings{bb259791,
        AUTHOR = "Yamaguchi, T. and Maruyama, M.",
        TITLE = "Character extraction from natural scene images by hierarchical
classifiers",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR04,
        YEAR = "2004",
        PAGES = "II: 687-690",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254530"}

@inproceedings{bb259792,
        AUTHOR = "Wang, H.",
        TITLE = "Automatic character location and segmentation in color scene images",
        BOOKTITLE = CIAP01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "2-7",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254531"}

@inproceedings{bb259793,
        AUTHOR = "Bertucci, E. and Pilu, M. and Mirmehdi, M.",
        TITLE = "Text selection by structured light marking for hand-held cameras",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "555-559",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254532"}

@inproceedings{bb259794,
        AUTHOR = "Pilu, M. and Pollard, S.",
        TITLE = "A light-weight text image processing method for handheld embedded
cameras",
        BOOKTITLE = BMVC02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "Poster Session",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254533"}

@inproceedings{bb259795,
        AUTHOR = "Wang, H. and Kangas, J.",
        TITLE = "Character-like region verification for extracting text in scene images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "957-962",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254534"}

@inproceedings{bb259796,
        AUTHOR = "Jin, N. and Tang, Y.Y.",
        TITLE = "Text area localization under complex-background using wavelet
decomposition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "1126-1130",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254535"}

@inproceedings{bb259797,
        AUTHOR = "Shiku, O. and Kawasue, K. and Nakamura, A.",
        TITLE = "A Method for Character String Extraction Using
Local and Global Segment Crowdedness",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 1077-1080",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254536"}

@inproceedings{bb259798,
        AUTHOR = "Chutatape, O. and Li, L.",
        TITLE = "Character extraction from scene image using fuzzy entropy and
rule-based technique",
        BOOKTITLE = CAIP97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "597-604",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT254537"}

@article{bb259799,
        AUTHOR = "Yang, H. and Wu, S. and Deng, C. and Lin, W.",
        TITLE = "Scale and Orientation Invariant Text Segmentation for Born-Digital
Compound Images",
        JOURNAL = Cyber,
        VOLUME = "45",
        YEAR = "2015",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "533-547",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966tor2.html#TT254538"}

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