@article{bb240200,
        AUTHOR = "Hildebrandt, T.H. and Liu, W.T.",
        TITLE = "Optical recognition of handwritten Chinese characters:
Advances since 1980",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "26",
        YEAR = "1993",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "February",
        PAGES = "205-225",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235071"}

@article{bb240201,
        AUTHOR = "Agui, T. and Nagaahashi, H.",
        TITLE = "A Description Method of Handprinted Chinese Characters",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "1",
        YEAR = "1979",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "January",
        PAGES = "20-24",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235072"}

@inproceedings{bb240202,
        AUTHOR = "Agui, T. and Nagaahashi, H.",
        TITLE = "A Coding Method of Chinese Characters",
        BOOKTITLE = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "1",
        YEAR = "1979",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235073"}

@article{bb240203,
        AUTHOR = "Ogawa, H. and Taniguchi, K.",
        TITLE = "Preprocessing for Chinese character recognition and global
classification of handwritten Chinese characters",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "11",
        YEAR = "1979",
        NUMBER = "1",
        PAGES = "1-7",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235074"}

@article{bb240204,
        AUTHOR = "Xie, S.L. and Suk, M.",
        TITLE = "On Machine Recognition of Hand-Printed Chinese Characters by
Feature Relaxation",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "21",
        YEAR = "1988",
        NUMBER = "1",
        PAGES = "1-7",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235075"}

@article{bb240205,
        AUTHOR = "Sekita, I. and Toraichi, K. and Mori, R. and Yamamoto, K. and Yamada, H.",
        TITLE = "Feature Extraction of Handwritten Japanese Characters by
Spline Functions for Relaxation Matching",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "21",
        YEAR = "1988",
        NUMBER = "1",
        PAGES = "9-17",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235076"}

@article{bb240206,
        AUTHOR = "Cheng, F.H. and Hsu, W.H. and Chen, M.Y.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of Handwritten Chinese Characters by Modified 
Hough Transform Techniques",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "11",
        YEAR = "1989",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "429-439",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235077"}

@article{bb240207,
        AUTHOR = "Cheng, F.H. and Hsu, W.H. and Chen, C.A.",
        TITLE = "Fuzzy approach to solve the recognition problem of handwritten chinese
characters",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "22",
        YEAR = "1989",
        NUMBER = "2",
        PAGES = "133-141",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235078"}

@article{bb240208,
        AUTHOR = "Zhao, M.",
        TITLE = "Two-dimensional extended attribute grammar method for the recognition
of hand-printed chinese characters",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "23",
        YEAR = "1990",
        NUMBER = "7",
        PAGES = "685-695",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235079"}

@article{bb240209,
        AUTHOR = "Liao, C.W. and Huang, J.S.",
        TITLE = "A Transformation Invariant Matching Algorithm for Handwritten Chinese
Character Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "23",
        YEAR = "1990",
        NUMBER = "11",
        PAGES = "1167-1188",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235080"}

@article{bb240210,
        AUTHOR = "Lua, K.T. and Gan, K.W.",
        TITLE = "Recognizing chinese characters through interactive activation and
competition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "23",
        YEAR = "1990",
        NUMBER = "12",
        PAGES = "1311-1321",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235081"}

@article{bb240211,
        AUTHOR = "Yamada, H. and Yamamoto, K. and Saito, T.",
        TITLE = "A Nonlinear Normalization Method for Handprinted Kanji Character
Recognition-Line Density Equalization",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "23",
        YEAR = "1990",
        NUMBER = "9",
        PAGES = "1023-1029",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235082"}

@inproceedings{bb240212,
        AUTHOR = "Saito, T. and Yamamoto, K. and Yamada, H.",
        TITLE = "A Nonlinear Normalization Method for Handprinted Kanji Character
Recognition-Line Density Equalization",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR88,
        YEAR = "1988",
        PAGES = "I: 172-175",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235082"}

@inproceedings{bb240213,
        AUTHOR = "Horiuchi, T. and Haruki, R. and Yamada, H. and Yamamoto, K.",
        TITLE = "Two-Dimensional Extension of Nonlinear Normalization Method Using
Line Density for Character Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "511-514",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235083"}

@inproceedings{bb240214,
        AUTHOR = "Yamamoto, K. and Yamada, H. and Saito, T. and Sakaga, I.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of Handprinted Characters in the First Level of JIS 
Chinese Characters",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR86,
        YEAR = "1986",
        PAGES = "570-572",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235084"}

@article{bb240215,
        AUTHOR = "Lu, S.W. and Ren, Y. and Suen, C.Y.",
        TITLE = "Hierarchical attributed graph representation and recognition of
handwritten chinese characters",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "24",
        YEAR = "1991",
        NUMBER = "7",
        PAGES = "617-632",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235085"}

@article{bb240216,
        AUTHOR = "Kumamoto, T. and Toraichi, K. and Horiuchi, T. and Yamamoto, K. and Yamada, H.",
        TITLE = "On speeding candidate selection in handprinted chinese character
recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "24",
        YEAR = "1991",
        NUMBER = "8",
        PAGES = "793-799",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235086"}

@article{bb240217,
        AUTHOR = "Chang, H.D. and Wang, J.F.",
        TITLE = "Preclassification for Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition
by a Peripheral Shape Coding Method",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "26",
        YEAR = "1993",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "711-719",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235087"}

@article{bb240218,
        AUTHOR = "Pai, H.F. and Wang, H.C.",
        TITLE = "A two-dimensional cepstrum approach for the recognition of Mandarin
syllable initials",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "26",
        YEAR = "1993",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "569-577",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235088"}

@article{bb240219,
        AUTHOR = "Tung, C.H. and Lee, H.J. and Tsai, J.Y.",
        TITLE = "Multistage Pre-Candidate Selection In Handwritten Chinese
Character-Recognition Systems",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "27",
        YEAR = "1994",
        NUMBER = "8",
        MONTH = "August",
        PAGES = "1093-1102",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235089"}

@inproceedings{bb240220,
        AUTHOR = "Zhao, S.L. and Lee, H.J.",
        TITLE = "High-precision two-kernel Chinese character recognition in general
document processing systems",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "617-621",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235090"}

@article{bb240221,
        AUTHOR = "Lee, S.J. and Tsai, H.L.",
        TITLE = "Pattern Fusion in Feature Recognition Neural Networks for
Handwritten Character-Recognition",
        JOURNAL = SMC-B,
        VOLUME = "28",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "August",
        PAGES = "612-617",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235091"}

@article{bb240222,
        AUTHOR = "Wang, A.B. and Fan, K.C. and Huang, J.S.",
        TITLE = "Recognition Of Handwritten Chinese Characters By Modified
Relaxation Methods",
        JOURNAL = IVC,
        VOLUME = "12",
        YEAR = "1994",
        NUMBER = "8",
        MONTH = "October",
        PAGES = "509-522",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235092"}

@article{bb240223,
        AUTHOR = "Chang, H.D. and Wang, J.F. and Kuo, S.C.",
        TITLE = "A Bayesian Neural-Network For Separating Similar Complex
Handwritten Chinese Characters",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "15",
        YEAR = "1994",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "403-408",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235093"}

@article{bb240224,
        AUTHOR = "Yong, Y.",
        TITLE = "Handprinted Chinese Character Recognition Via Neural Networks",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "7",
        YEAR = "1988",
        PAGES = "19-25",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235094"}

@article{bb240225,
        AUTHOR = "Kimura, F. and Wakabayashi, T. and Tsuruoka, S. and Miyake, Y.",
        TITLE = "Improvement of Handwritten Japanese Character-Recognition Using
Weighted Direction Code Histogram",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "30",
        YEAR = "1997",
        NUMBER = "8",
        MONTH = "August",
        PAGES = "1329-1337",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235095"}

@inproceedings{bb240226,
        AUTHOR = "Wakabayashi, T. and Pal, U. and Kimura, F. and Miyake, Y.",
        TITLE = "F-ratio Based Weighted Feature Extraction for Similar Shape Character
Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "196-200",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235096"}

@article{bb240227,
        AUTHOR = "Chiu, H.P. and Tseng, D.C.",
        TITLE = "Invariant Handwritten Chinese Character-Recognition Using
Fuzzy Min-Max Neural Networks",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "18",
        YEAR = "1997",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "481-491",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235097"}

@article{bb240228,
        AUTHOR = "Tseng, D.C. and Chin, H.P. and Cheng, J.C.",
        TITLE = "Invariant Handwritten Chinese Character-Recognition
Using Fuzzy Ring Data",
        JOURNAL = IVC,
        VOLUME = "14",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "October",
        PAGES = "647-657",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235098"}

@inproceedings{bb240229,
        AUTHOR = "Tseng, D.C. and Chiu, H.P.",
        TITLE = "Fuzzy Ring Data for Invariant Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "III: 94-98",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235099"}

@inproceedings{bb240230,
        AUTHOR = "Chiu, H.P. and Tseng, D.C.",
        TITLE = "A Feature-Preserved Thinning Algorithm for 
Handwritten Chinese Characters",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "III: 235-239",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235100"}

@article{bb240231,
        AUTHOR = "Lin, D.S. and Leou, J.J.",
        TITLE = "A Genetic Algorithm Approach to Chinese Handwriting Normalization",
        JOURNAL = SMC-B,
        VOLUME = "27",
        YEAR = "1997",
        NUMBER = "6",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "999-1007",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235101"}

@article{bb240232,
        AUTHOR = "Suganthan, P.N. and Yan, H.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of Handprinted Chinese Characters by
Constrained Graph Matching",
        JOURNAL = IVC,
        VOLUME = "16",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "191-201",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235102"}

@article{bb240233,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, S.Y. and Lee, S.W.",
        TITLE = "Gray-Scale Nonlinear Shape Normalization Method for
Handwritten Oriental Character Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PRAI,
        VOLUME = "12",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "February",
        PAGES = "81-95",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235103"}

@inproceedings{bb240234,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, S.Y. and Lee, S.W.",
        TITLE = "Nonlinear Shape Normalization Methods for
Gray-Scale Handwritten Character Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "479-482",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235104"}

@article{bb240235,
        AUTHOR = "Park, J.S. and Lee, S.W.",
        TITLE = "Adaptive Nonlinear Shape-Matching for Unconstrained 
Handwritten Character-Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "28",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "8",
        MONTH = "August",
        PAGES = "1223-1235",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235105"}

@article{bb240236,
        AUTHOR = "Lee, S.W. and Park, J.S.",
        TITLE = "Nonlinear Shape Normalization Methods for the Recognition
of Large-Set Handwritten Characters",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "27",
        YEAR = "1994",
        NUMBER = "7",
        MONTH = "July",
        PAGES = "895-902",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235106"}

@article{bb240237,
        AUTHOR = "Lee, S.W. and Song, H.H.",
        TITLE = "Optimal-Design of Reference Models for Large-Set
Handwritten Character-Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "27",
        YEAR = "1994",
        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "September",
        PAGES = "1267-1274",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235107"}

@inproceedings{bb240238,
        AUTHOR = "Lee, S.W. and Park, J.S. and Tang, Y.",
        TITLE = "Performance Evaluation of Nonlinear Shape Normalization Methods for the
Recognition of Large-Set Handwritten Characters",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR93,
        YEAR = "1993",
        PAGES = "402-407",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235108"}

@inproceedings{bb240239,
        AUTHOR = "Tang, Y. and Park, J.S. and Lee, S.W.",
        TITLE = "Performance Evaluation of Nonlinear Shape Normalization Methods for the
Recognition of Large-Set Handwritten Characters",
        BOOKTITLE = ISRI,
        YEAR = "1993",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235108"}

@article{bb240240,
        AUTHOR = "Park, H.S. and Lee, S.W.",
        TITLE = "Truly 2-D hidden Markov model for off-line handwritten character
recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "31",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "1849-1864",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235109"}

@article{bb240241,
        AUTHOR = "Park, H.S. and Lee, S.W.",
        TITLE = "Off-Line Recognition of Large-Set Handwritten Characters with
Multiple Hidden Markov-Models",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "29",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "February",
        PAGES = "231-244",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235110"}

@article{bb240242,
        AUTHOR = "Tang, Y.Y. and Tu, L.T. and Liu, J.M. and Lee, S.W. and Lin, W.W. and Shyu, I.S.",
        TITLE = "Offline Recognition of Chinese Handwriting by Multifeature and
Multilevel Classification",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "20",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "556-561",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235111"}

@article{bb240243,
        AUTHOR = "Mizukami, Y.",
        TITLE = "A Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition System Using
Hierarchical Displacement Extraction Based on Directional Features",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "19",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "7",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "595-604",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235112"}

@inproceedings{bb240244,
        AUTHOR = "Mizukami, Y. and Koga, K.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Chinese character recognition using displacement extraction
based on directional features",
        BOOKTITLE = CIAP97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "II: 655-662",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235113"}

@inproceedings{bb240245,
        AUTHOR = "Mizukami, Y. and Koga, K.",
        TITLE = "A Handwritten Character Recognition System Using
Hierarchical Displacement Extraction Algorithm",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "III: 160-164",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235114"}

@article{bb240246,
        AUTHOR = "Wong, P.K. and Chan, C.K.",
        TITLE = "Off-Line Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition as a
Compound Bayes Decision Problem",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "20",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "September",
        PAGES = "1016-1023",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235115"}

@inproceedings{bb240247,
        AUTHOR = "Wong, P.K. and Chan, C.K.",
        TITLE = "An Off-Line Large Vocabulary Hand-Written Chinese Character Recognizer",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "III: 324-327",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235116"}

@article{bb240248,
        AUTHOR = "Wong, P.K. and Chan, C.",
        TITLE = "Postprocessing Statistical Language Models for a Handwritten Chinese
Character Recognizer",
        JOURNAL = SMC-B,
        VOLUME = "29",
        YEAR = "1999",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "286",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235117"}

@article{bb240249,
        AUTHOR = "Amin, A. and Singh, S.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of Hand-printed Chinese Characters Using
Decision Trees/Machine Learning C4.5 System",
        JOURNAL = PAA,
        VOLUME = "1",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "2",
        PAGES = "130-141",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235118"}

@inproceedings{bb240250,
        AUTHOR = "Amin, A. and Bemford, M. and Hoffmann, A. and Mahidadia, A. and Compton, P.",
        TITLE = "A Knowledge Acquisition Technique for Recognizing
Handprinted Chinese Characters",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "III: 254-258",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235119"}

@article{bb240251,
        AUTHOR = "Amin, A. and Sammut, C. and Sum, K.C.",
        TITLE = "Learning to recognize Hand-printed Chinese characters using
Inductive Logic Programming",
        JOURNAL = PRAI,
        VOLUME = "10",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "7",
        PAGES = "829-847",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235120"}

@inproceedings{bb240252,
        AUTHOR = "Amin, A. and Kim, S.G. and Sammut, C.",
        TITLE = "Hand-Printed Chinese Character Recognition via Machine Learning",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "190-194",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235121"}

@article{bb240253,
        AUTHOR = "Leung, C.H. and Tam, W.C. and Cheung, Y.S.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of handwritten Chinese characters by elastic matching",
        JOURNAL = IVC,
        VOLUME = "16",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "14",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "979-988",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235122"}

@article{bb240254,
        AUTHOR = "Chan, K.P. and Cheung, Y.S.",
        TITLE = "Fuzzy-Attribute Graph
with application to Chinese Character Recognition",
        JOURNAL = SMC,
        VOLUME = "22",
        YEAR = "1992",
        NUMBER = "2",
        PAGES = "402-410",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235123"}

@article{bb240255,
        AUTHOR = "Wakahara, T. and Kimura, Y.",
        TITLE = "Toward robust handwritten Kanji character recognition",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "20",
        YEAR = "1999",
        NUMBER = "10",
        MONTH = "October",
        PAGES = "979-990",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235124"}

@article{bb240256,
        AUTHOR = "Xue, J.L. and Ding, X.Q. and Liu, C.S. and Zhang, R. and Qian, W.W.",
        TITLE = "Location and interpretation of destination addresses on handwritten
Chinese envelopes",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "22",
        YEAR = "2001",
        NUMBER = "6-7",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "639-656",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235125"}

@inproceedings{bb240257,
        AUTHOR = "Jiang, Y. and Ding, X.Q. and Fu, Q.A. and Ren, Z.",
        TITLE = "Application of Bi-gram Driven Chinese Handwritten Character
Segmentation for an Address Reading System",
        BOOKTITLE = DAS06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "220-231",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235126"}

@inproceedings{bb240258,
        AUTHOR = "Jiang, Y. and Ding, X.Q. and Fu, Q.A. and Ren, Z.",
        TITLE = "Context Driven Chinese String Segmentation and Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = SSPR06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "127-135",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235127"}

@inproceedings{bb240259,
        AUTHOR = "Jiang, Y. and Ding, X.Q. and Ren, Z.",
        TITLE = "Substring Alignment Method for Lexicon Based Handwritten Chinese String
Recognition and Its Application to Address Line Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "II: 683-686",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235128"}

@inproceedings{bb240260,
        AUTHOR = "Fu, Q.A. and Ding, X.Q. and Liu, T. and Jiang, Y. and Ren, Z.",
        TITLE = "A Novel Segmentation and Recognition Algorithm for Chinese Handwritten
Address Character Strings",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "II: 974-977",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235129"}

@inproceedings{bb240261,
        AUTHOR = "Jiang, Y. and Ding, X.Q. and Ren, Z.",
        TITLE = "A Suffix Tree Based Handwritten Chinese Address Recognition System",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "292-296",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235130"}

@article{bb240262,
        AUTHOR = "Wang, Y.W. and Ding, X.Q. and Liu, C.S.",
        TITLE = "Topic Language Model Adaption for Recognition of Homologous Offline
Handwritten Chinese Text Image",
        JOURNAL = SPLetters,
        VOLUME = "21",
        YEAR = "2014",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "550-553",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235131"}

@inproceedings{bb240263,
        AUTHOR = "Wang, Y.W. and Liu, C.S. and Ding, X.Q.",
        TITLE = "Similar Pattern Discriminant Analysis for Improving Chinese Character
Recognition Accuracy",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "1056-1060",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235132"}

@inproceedings{bb240264,
        AUTHOR = "Jiang, Z.W. and Ding, X.Q. and Liu, C.S. and Wang, Y.W.",
        TITLE = "A Novel Short Merged Off-line Handwritten Chinese Character String
Segmentation Algorithm Using Hidden Markov Model",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "668-672",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235133"}

@inproceedings{bb240265,
        AUTHOR = "Fu, Q.A. and Ding, X.Q. and Liu, C.S. and Jiang, Y. and Ren, Z.",
        TITLE = "A hidden Markov model based segmentation and recognition algorithm for
Chinese handwritten address character strings",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "II: 590-594",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235134"}

@article{bb240266,
        AUTHOR = "Chung, F.L. and Ip, W.W.S.",
        TITLE = "Complex character decomposition using deformable model",
        JOURNAL = SMC-C,
        VOLUME = "31",
        YEAR = "2001",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "February",
        PAGES = "126-132",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235135"}

@inproceedings{bb240267,
        AUTHOR = "Tsang, C.K.Y. and Chung, F.L.",
        TITLE = "A Structural Deformable Model with Application to Post-recognition of
Handwritings",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR00,
        YEAR = "2000",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 129-132",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235136"}

@article{bb240268,
        AUTHOR = "Xiong, Y. and Huo, Q.A. and Chan, C.",
        TITLE = "A Discrete Contextual Stochastic Model for the Offline Recognition of
Handwritten Chinese Characters",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "23",
        YEAR = "2001",
        NUMBER = "7",
        MONTH = "July",
        PAGES = "774-782",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235137"}

@article{bb240269,
        AUTHOR = "Zhao, S. and Chi, Z. and Shi, P. and Yan, H.",
        TITLE = "Two-stage segmentation of unconstrained handwritten Chinese characters",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "36",
        YEAR = "2003",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "January",
        PAGES = "145-156",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235138"}

@inproceedings{bb240270,
        AUTHOR = "Zhao, S. and Chi, Z. and Shi, P. and Yan, H.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Chinese character segmentation using a two-stage approach",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "179-183",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235139"}

@article{bb240271,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, C.L. and Koga, M. and Fujisawa, H.",
        TITLE = "Lexicon-Driven Segmentation and Recognition of Handwritten Character
Strings for Japanese Address Reading",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "24",
        YEAR = "2002",
        NUMBER = "11",
        MONTH = "November",
        PAGES = "1425-1437",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235140"}

@inproceedings{bb240272,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, C.L. and Koga, M. and Fujisawa, H.",
        TITLE = "Lexicon-driven handwritten character string recognition for Japanese
address reading",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "877-881",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235141"}

@article{bb240273,
        AUTHOR = "Wang, D.H. and Liu, C.L. and Zhou, X.D.",
        TITLE = "An approach for real-time recognition of online Chinese handwritten
sentences",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "45",
        YEAR = "2012",
        NUMBER = "10",
        MONTH = "October",
        PAGES = "3661-3675",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235142"}

@article{bb240274,
        AUTHOR = "Yin, F. and Wang, Q.F. and Liu, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Transcript mapping for handwritten Chinese documents by integrating
character recognition model and geometric context",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "46",
        YEAR = "2013",
        NUMBER = "10",
        MONTH = "October",
        PAGES = "2807-2818",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235143"}

@inproceedings{bb240275,
        AUTHOR = "Wang, D.H. and Liu, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Dynamic Text Line Segmentation for Real-Time Recognition of Chinese
Handwritten Sentences",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "931-935",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235144"}

@inproceedings{bb240276,
        AUTHOR = "Zhou, X.D. and Wang, D.H. and Nakagawa, M. and Liu, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Error Reduction by Confusing Characters Discrimination for Online
Handwritten Japanese Character Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "495-500",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235145"}

@article{bb240277,
        AUTHOR = "Zhou, X.D. and Wang, D.H. and Tian, F. and Liu, C.L. and Nakagawa, M.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Chinese/Japanese Text Recognition Using Semi-Markov
Conditional Random Fields",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "35",
        YEAR = "2013",
        NUMBER = "10",
        PAGES = "2413-2426",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235146"}

@article{bb240278,
        AUTHOR = "Zhou, X.D. and Zhang, Y.M. and Tian, F. and Wang, H.A. and Liu, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Minimum-risk training for semi-Markov conditional random fields with
application to handwritten Chinese/Japanese text recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "47",
        YEAR = "2014",
        NUMBER = "5",
        PAGES = "1904-1916",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235147"}

@article{bb240279,
        AUTHOR = "Delaye, A. and Liu, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Contextual text/non-text stroke classification in online handwritten
notes with conditional random fields",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "47",
        YEAR = "2014",
        NUMBER = "3",
        PAGES = "959-968",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235148"}

@article{bb240280,
        AUTHOR = "Delaye, A. and Liu, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Multi-class segmentation of free-form online documents with tree
conditional random fields",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "17",
        YEAR = "2014",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "313-329",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235149"}

@inproceedings{bb240281,
        AUTHOR = "Zhou, X.D. and Tian, F. and Liu, C.L. and Wang, H.A.",
        TITLE = "Minimum Risk Training for Handwritten Chinese/Japanese Text
Recognition Using Semi-Markov Conditional Random Fields",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "940-944",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235150"}

@inproceedings{bb240282,
        AUTHOR = "Zhou, X.D. and Yin, F. and Wang, D.H. and Wang, Q.F. and Nakagawa, M. and Liu, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Transcript Mapping for Handwritten Text Lines Using Conditional Random
Fields",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "58-62",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235151"}

@inproceedings{bb240283,
        AUTHOR = "Zhu, B.L. and Gao, J.F. and Nakagawa, M.",
        TITLE = "Objective Function Design for MCE-Based Combination of On-line and
Off-line Character Recognizers for On-line Handwritten Japanese Text
Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "594-598",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235152"}

@inproceedings{bb240284,
        AUTHOR = "Phan, T.V. and Gao, J.F. and Zhu, B.L. and Nakagawa, M.",
        TITLE = "Effects of Line Densities on Nonlinear Normalization for Online
Handwritten Japanese Character Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "834-838",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235153"}

@inproceedings{bb240285,
        AUTHOR = "Zhou, X.D. and Liu, C.L. and Nakagawa, M.",
        TITLE = "Online Handwritten Japanese Character String Recognition Using
Conditional Random Fields",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "521-525",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235154"}

@inproceedings{bb240286,
        AUTHOR = "Zhou, X.D. and Yu, J.L. and Liu, C.L. and Nagasaki, T. and Marukawa, K.",
        TITLE = "Online Handwritten Japanese Character String Recognition Incorporating
Geometric Context",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "48-52",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235155"}

@inproceedings{bb240287,
        AUTHOR = "Kagehiro, T. and Koga, M. and Sako, H. and Fujisawa, H.",
        TITLE = "Segmentation of Handwritten Kanji Numerals Integrating
Peripheral Information by Bayesian Rule",
        BOOKTITLE = MVA98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "xx-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235156"}

@inproceedings{bb240288,
        AUTHOR = "Koga, M. and Kagehiro, T. and Sako, H. and Fujisawa, H.",
        TITLE = "Segmentation of Japanese Handwritten Characters Using
Peripheral Feature Analysis",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 1137-1141",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235157"}

@article{bb240289,
        AUTHOR = "Li, Y.X. and Tan, C.L. and Ding, X.Q. and Liu, C.S.",
        TITLE = "Contextual post-processing based on the confusion matrix in offline
handwritten Chinese script recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "37",
        YEAR = "2004",
        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "September",
        PAGES = "1901-1912",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235158"}

@article{bb240290,
        AUTHOR = "Wang, Y.W. and Fu, Q.A. and Ding, X.Q. and Liu, C.S.",
        TITLE = "Importance sampling based discriminative learning for large scale
offline handwritten Chinese character recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "48",
        YEAR = "2015",
        NUMBER = "4",
        PAGES = "1225-1234",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235159"}

@inproceedings{bb240291,
        AUTHOR = "Wang, Y.W. and Ding, X.Q. and Liu, C.S.",
        TITLE = "MQDF Discriminative Learning Based Offline Handwritten Chinese
Character Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "1100-1104",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235160"}

@inproceedings{bb240292,
        AUTHOR = "Ding, X.Q. and Liu, H.L.",
        TITLE = "Segmentation-Driven Offline Handwritten Chinese and Arabic Script
Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = SACH06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "xx-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235161"}

@inproceedings{bb240293,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, H.L. and Ding, X.Q.",
        TITLE = "Improve Handwritten Character Recognition Performance by
Heteroscedastic Linear Discriminant Analysis",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "I: 880-883",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235162"}

@inproceedings{bb240294,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, H.L. and Ding, X.Q.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten character recognition using gradient feature and quadratic
classifier with multiple discrimination schemes",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "I: 19-23",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235163"}

@inproceedings{bb240295,
        AUTHOR = "Zhang, R. and Ding, X.Q.",
        TITLE = "Minimum classification error training for handwritten character
recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "I: 580-583",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235164"}

@inproceedings{bb240296,
        AUTHOR = "Yao, Z.B. and Ding, X.Q. and Liu, C.S.",
        TITLE = "On-line handwritten Chinese word recognition based on lexicon",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "II: 320-323",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235165"}

@inproceedings{bb240297,
        AUTHOR = "Chen, Y. and Ding, X.Q. and Wu, Y.",
        TITLE = "Off-Line Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition Based on
Crossing Line Feature",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "206-210",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235166"}

@article{bb240298,
        AUTHOR = "Ishidera, E. and Nishiwaki, D. and Sato, A.",
        TITLE = "A confidence value estimation method for handwritten Kanji character
recognition and its application to candidate reduction",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "6",
        YEAR = "2004",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "263-270",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235167"}

@inproceedings{bb240299,
        AUTHOR = "Ishidera, E. and Sato, A.",
        TITLE = "A candidate reduction method for handwritten Kanji character
recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "8-13",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1008.html#TT235168"}

Last update:May 26, 2020 at 12:00:59