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        TITLE = "Retrieval of online handwriting by synthesis and matching",
        JOURNAL = PR,
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224049"}

@article{bb229101,
        AUTHOR = "Basu, S. and Das, N. and Sarkar, R. and Kundu, M. and Nasipuri, M. and Basu, D.K.",
        TITLE = "A hierarchical approach to recognition of handwritten Bangla characters",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "42",
        YEAR = "2009",
        NUMBER = "7",
        MONTH = "July",
        PAGES = "1467-1484",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224050"}

@article{bb229102,
        AUTHOR = "Das, N. and Acharya, K. and Sarkar, R. and Basu, S. and Kundu, M. and Nasipuri, M.",
        TITLE = "A benchmark image database of isolated Bangla handwritten compound
characters",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
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        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "413-431",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224051"}

@article{bb229103,
        AUTHOR = "Roy, S. and Das, N. and Kundu, M. and Nasipuri, M.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten isolated Bangla compound character recognition:
A new benchmark using a novel deep learning approach",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
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        YEAR = "2017",
        NUMBER = "1",
        PAGES = "15-21",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224052"}

@article{bb229104,
        AUTHOR = "Das, N. and Sarkar, R. and Basu, S. and Saha, P.K. and Kundu, M. and Nasipuri, M.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Bangla character recognition using a soft computing
paradigm embedded in two pass approach",
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        PAGES = "2054-2071",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224053"}

@article{bb229105,
        AUTHOR = "Sarkhel, R. and Das, N. and Saha, A.K. and Nasipuri, M.",
        TITLE = "A multi-objective approach towards cost effective isolated
handwritten Bangla character and digit recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
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        YEAR = "2016",
        NUMBER = "1",
        PAGES = "172-189",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224054"}

@article{bb229106,
        AUTHOR = "Sarkar, R. and Das, N. and Basu, S. and Kundu, M. and Nasipuri, M. and Basu, D.K.",
        TITLE = "CMATERdb1: A database of unconstrained handwritten Bangla and
Bangla-English mixed script document image",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
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        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "71-83",
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@article{bb229107,
        AUTHOR = "Kompalli, S. and Setlur, S. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Devanagari OCR using a recognition driven segmentation framework and
stochastic language models",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "12",
        YEAR = "2009",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "July",
        PAGES = "xx-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224056"}

@inproceedings{bb229108,
        AUTHOR = "Kompalli, S. and Setlur, S. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Design and Comparison of Segmentation Driven and Recognition Driven
Devanagari OCR",
        BOOKTITLE = DIAL06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "96-102",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224057"}

@inproceedings{bb229109,
        AUTHOR = "Khedekar, S. and Ramanaprasad, V. and Setlur, S. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Text-image separation in Devanagari documents",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "1265-1269",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224058"}

@inproceedings{bb229110,
        AUTHOR = "Kompalli, S. and Nayak, S. and Setlur, S. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Challenges in OCR of Devanagari documents",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "I: 327-331",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224059"}

@article{bb229111,
        AUTHOR = "Bhowmik, T.K. and Ghanty, P. and Roy, A. and Parui, S.K.",
        TITLE = "SVM-based hierarchical architectures for handwritten Bangla character
recognition",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
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        YEAR = "2009",
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        MONTH = "July",
        PAGES = "xx-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224060"}

@inproceedings{bb229112,
        AUTHOR = "Biswas, C. and Bhattacharya, U. and Parui, S.K.",
        TITLE = "HMM Based Online Handwritten Bangla Character Recognition Using
Dirichlet Distributions",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "600-605",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224061"}

@inproceedings{bb229113,
        AUTHOR = "Bhattacharya, U. and Gupta, B.K. and Parui, S.K.",
        TITLE = "Direction Code Based Features for Recognition of Online Handwritten
Characters of Bangla",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "58-62",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224062"}

@inproceedings{bb229114,
        AUTHOR = "Parui, S.K. and Guin, K. and Bhattacharya, U. and Chaudhuri, B.B.",
        TITLE = "Online handwritten Bangla character recognition using HMM",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "1-4",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224063"}

@inproceedings{bb229115,
        AUTHOR = "Bhattacharya, U. and Ghosh, S.K. and Parui, S.",
        TITLE = "A Two Stage Recognition Scheme for Handwritten Tamil Characters",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "511-515",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224064"}

@article{bb229116,
        AUTHOR = "Pal, U. and Roy, K. and Kimura, F.",
        TITLE = "A Lexicon-Driven Handwritten City-Name Recognition Scheme for Indian
Postal Automation",
        JOURNAL = IEICE,
        VOLUME = "E92-D",
        YEAR = "2009",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "1146-1158",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224065"}

@inproceedings{bb229117,
        AUTHOR = "Thadchanamoorthy, S. and Kodikara, N.D. and Premaretne, H.L. and Pal, U. and Kimura, F.",
        TITLE = "Tamil Handwritten City Name Database Development and Recognition for
Postal Automation",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "793-797",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224066"}

@inproceedings{bb229118,
        AUTHOR = "Pal, U. and Roy, R.K. and Kimura, F.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Street Name Recognition for Indian Postal Automation",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "483-487",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224067"}

@inproceedings{bb229119,
        AUTHOR = "Pal, U. and Roy, R.K. and Kimura, F.",
        TITLE = "Multi-lingual City Name Recognition for Indian Postal Automation",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "169-173",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224068"}

@inproceedings{bb229120,
        AUTHOR = "Pal, U. and Roy, R.K. and Kimura, F.",
        TITLE = "Bangla and English City Name Recognition for Indian Postal Automation",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "1985-1988",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224069"}

@inproceedings{bb229121,
        AUTHOR = "Tarafdar, A. and Mondal, R. and Pal, S. and Pal, U. and Kimura, F.",
        TITLE = "Shape Code Based Word-Image Matching for Retrieval of Indian
Multi-lingual Documents",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "1989-1992",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224070"}

@inproceedings{bb229122,
        AUTHOR = "Pal, U. and Roy, R.K. and Roy, K. and Kimura, F.",
        TITLE = "Indian Multi-Script Full Pin-code String Recognition for Postal
Automation",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "456-460",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224071"}

@inproceedings{bb229123,
        AUTHOR = "Pal, U. and Sharma, N. and Wakabayashi, T. and Kimura, F.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Character Recognition of Popular South Indian Scripts",
        BOOKTITLE = SACH06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "xx-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224072"}

@inproceedings{bb229124,
        AUTHOR = "Pal, U. and Sharma, N. and Wakabayashi, T. and Kimura, F.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Numeral Recognition of Six Popular Indian Scripts",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "749-753",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224073"}

@inproceedings{bb229125,
        AUTHOR = "Chanda, S. and Pal, U. and Franke, K. and Kimura, F.",
        TITLE = "Script Identification: A Han and Roman Script Perspective",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "2708-2711",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224074"}

@inproceedings{bb229126,
        AUTHOR = "Chanda, S. and Franke, K. and Pal, U. and Wakabayashi, T.",
        TITLE = "Text Independent Writer Identification for Bengali Script",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "2005-2008",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224075"}

@article{bb229127,
        AUTHOR = "Pal, U. and Roy, P.P. and Tripathy, N. and Llados, J.",
        TITLE = "Multi-oriented Bangla and Devnagari text recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "43",
        YEAR = "2010",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "4124-4136",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224076"}

@article{bb229128,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, C.L. and Suen, C.Y.",
        TITLE = "A new benchmark on the recognition of handwritten Bangla and Farsi
numeral characters",
        JOURNAL = PR,
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        YEAR = "2009",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "3287-3295",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224077"}

@article{bb229129,
        AUTHOR = "Bharath, A. and Madhvanath, S.",
        TITLE = "HMM-Based Lexicon-Driven and Lexicon-Free Word Recognition for Online
Handwritten Indic Scripts",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
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        YEAR = "2012",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "670-682",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224078"}

@inproceedings{bb229130,
        AUTHOR = "Bharath, A. and Madhvanath, S.",
        TITLE = "On the Significance of Stroke Size and Position for Online Handwritten
Devanagari Word Recognition: An Empirical Study",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "2033-2036",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224079"}

@inproceedings{bb229131,
        AUTHOR = "Bharath, A. and Madhvanath, S.",
        TITLE = "Hidden Markov Models for Online Handwritten Tamil Word Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "506-510",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224080"}

@article{bb229132,
        AUTHOR = "Santosh, K.C. and Nattee, C. and Lamiroy, B.",
        TITLE = "Relative Positioning of Stroke-based Clustering: A New Approach to
Online Handwritten Devanagari Character Recognition",
        JOURNAL = IJIG,
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        YEAR = "2012",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "1250016",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224081"}

@article{bb229133,
        AUTHOR = "Murthy, O.V.R. and Roy, S. and Narang, V. and Hanmandlu, M. and Gupta, S.",
        TITLE = "An approach to divide pre-detected Devanagari words from the scene
images into characters",
        JOURNAL = SIViP,
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        NUMBER = "6",
        MONTH = "November",
        PAGES = "1071-1082",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224082"}

@article{bb229134,
        AUTHOR = "Bag, S. and Harit, G. and Bhowmick, P.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of Bangla compound characters using structural
decomposition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
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        YEAR = "2014",
        NUMBER = "3",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224083"}

@article{bb229135,
        AUTHOR = "Pramanik, R. and Bag, S.",
        TITLE = "Shape decomposition-based handwritten compound character recognition
for Bangla OCR",
        JOURNAL = JVCIR,
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        YEAR = "2018",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224084"}

@article{bb229136,
        AUTHOR = "Naz, S. and Hayat, K. and Razzak, M.I. and Anwar, M.W. and Madani, S.A. and Khan, S.U.",
        TITLE = "The optical character recognition of Urdu-like cursive scripts",
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        NUMBER = "3",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224085"}

@article{bb229137,
        AUTHOR = "Pramod Sankar, K. and Manmatha, R. and Jawahar, C.V.",
        TITLE = "Large Scale Document Image Retrieval by Automatic Word Annotation",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
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        YEAR = "2014",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "1-17",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224086"}

@inproceedings{bb229138,
        AUTHOR = "Pramod Sankar, K. and Jawahar, C.V.",
        TITLE = "Enabling Search over Large Collections of Telugu Document Images:
An Automatic Annotation Based Approach",
        BOOKTITLE = ICCVGIP06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "837-848",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224087"}

@article{bb229139,
        AUTHOR = "Radha, R. and Aparna, R.R.",
        TITLE = "Automatic extraction, segmentation and recognition of multi-font Indian
Pincode",
        JOURNAL = IJCVR,
        VOLUME = "4",
        YEAR = "2014",
        NUMBER = "3",
        PAGES = "247-258",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224088"}

@article{bb229140,
        AUTHOR = "Biswas, A. and Sahu, P.K. and Chandra, M.",
        TITLE = "Audio visual isolated Hindi digits recognition using HMM",
        JOURNAL = IJCVR,
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        YEAR = "2015",
        NUMBER = "3",
        PAGES = "320-334",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224089"}

@article{bb229141,
        AUTHOR = "Abirami, S. and Essakiammal, V. and Baskaran, R.",
        TITLE = "Statistical features based character recognition for offline
handwritten Tamil document images using HMM",
        JOURNAL = IJCVR,
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        YEAR = "2015",
        NUMBER = "4",
        PAGES = "422-440",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224090"}

@article{bb229142,
        AUTHOR = "Hussain, S. and Ali, S. and ul Ain Akram, Q.",
        TITLE = "Nastalique segmentation-based approach for Urdu OCR",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
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        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "357-374",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224091"}

@inproceedings{bb229143,
        AUTHOR = "Javed, S.T. and Hussain, S.",
        TITLE = "Segmentation Based Urdu Nastalique OCR",
        BOOKTITLE = CIARP13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "II:41-49",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224092"}

@article{bb229144,
        AUTHOR = "Dasgupta, J. and Bhattacharya, K. and Chanda, B.",
        TITLE = "A holistic approach for Off-line handwritten cursive word recognition
using directional feature based on Arnold transform",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
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        YEAR = "2016",
        NUMBER = "1",
        PAGES = "73-79",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224093"}

@inproceedings{bb229145,
        AUTHOR = "Purkait, P. and Chanda, B.",
        TITLE = "Off-line Recognition of Hand-Written Bengali Numerals Using
Morphological Features",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "363-368",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224094"}

@article{bb229146,
        AUTHOR = "Roy, P.P. and Bhunia, A.K. and Das, A. and Dey, P. and Pal, U.",
        TITLE = "HMM-based Indic handwritten word recognition using zone segmentation",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "60",
        YEAR = "2016",
        NUMBER = "1",
        PAGES = "1057-1075",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224095"}

@inproceedings{bb229147,
        AUTHOR = "Bhunia, A.K. and Das, A. and Roy, P.P. and Pal, U.",
        TITLE = "A comparative study of features for handwritten Bangla text
recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "636-640",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224096"}

@article{bb229148,
        AUTHOR = "Bhunia, A.K. and Roy, P.P. and Mohta, A. and Pal, U.",
        TITLE = "Cross-language framework for word recognition and spotting of Indic
scripts",
        JOURNAL = PR,
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        YEAR = "2018",
        PAGES = "12-31",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224097"}

@inproceedings{bb229149,
        AUTHOR = "Gaur, S. and Sonkar, S. and Roy, P.P.",
        TITLE = "Generation of synthetic training data for handwritten Indic script
recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "491-495",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224098"}

@inproceedings{bb229150,
        AUTHOR = "Basit, R.H. and Aslam, M. and Martinez Enriquez, A.M. and Syed, A.Z.",
        TITLE = "Semantic Similarity Analysis of Urdu Documents",
        BOOKTITLE = MCPR17,
        YEAR = "2017",
        PAGES = "234-243",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224099"}

@article{bb229151,
        AUTHOR = "Sarkhel, R. and Das, N. and Das, A. and Kundu, M. and Nasipuri, M.",
        TITLE = "A multi-scale deep quad tree based feature extraction method for the
recognition of isolated handwritten characters of popular indic
scripts",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "71",
        YEAR = "2017",
        NUMBER = "1",
        PAGES = "78-93",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224100"}

@article{bb229152,
        AUTHOR = "Nayak, M. and Nayak, A.K.",
        TITLE = "Odia character recognition using backpropagation network with binary
features",
        JOURNAL = IJCVR,
        VOLUME = "7",
        YEAR = "2017",
        NUMBER = "5",
        PAGES = "588-604",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224101"}

@article{bb229153,
        AUTHOR = "Prabhanjan, S. and Dinesh, R.",
        TITLE = "Deep Learning Approach for Devanagari Script Recognition",
        JOURNAL = IJIG,
        VOLUME = "17",
        YEAR = "2017",
        NUMBER = "03",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224102"}

@article{bb229154,
        AUTHOR = "Inkeaw, P. and Charoenkwan, P. and Huang, H.L. and Marukatat, S. and Ho, S.Y. and Chaijaruwanich, J.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of handwritten Lanna Dhamma characters using a set of
optimally designed moment features",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "20",
        YEAR = "2017",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "259-274",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224103"}

@article{bb229155,
        AUTHOR = "Kumar, P. and Saini, R. and Roy, P.P. and Pal, U.",
        TITLE = "A lexicon-free approach for 3D handwriting recognition using
classifier combination",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
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        YEAR = "2018",
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@article{bb229156,
        AUTHOR = "Ferrer, M.A. and Chanda, S. and Diaz, M. and Banerjee, C.K. and Majumdar, A. and Carmona Duarte, C. and Acharya, P. and Pal, U.",
        TITLE = "Static and Dynamic Synthesis of Bengali and Devanagari Signatures",
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        YEAR = "2018",
        NUMBER = "10",
        MONTH = "October",
        PAGES = "2896-2907",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224105"}

@inproceedings{bb229157,
        AUTHOR = "Chandra Prakash, K. and Srikar, Y.M. and Trishal, G. and Mandai, S. and Channappayya, S.S.",
        TITLE = "Optical Character Recognition (OCR) for Telugu: Database, Algorithm
and Application",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP18,
        YEAR = "2018",
        PAGES = "3963-3967",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224106"}

@article{bb229158,
        AUTHOR = "Yadav, M. and Purwar, R.K. and Mittal, M.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Hindi character recognition: a review",
        JOURNAL = IET-IPR,
        VOLUME = "12",
        YEAR = "2018",
        NUMBER = "11",
        MONTH = "November",
        PAGES = "1919-1933",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224107"}

@article{bb229159,
        AUTHOR = "Jangid, M. and Srivastava, S.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Devanagari Similar Character Recognition by Fisher Linear
Discriminant and Pairwise Classification",
        JOURNAL = IJIG,
        VOLUME = "18",
        YEAR = "2018",
        NUMBER = "4 2018",
        PAGES = "1850022",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224108"}

@article{bb229160,
        AUTHOR = "Ghosh, R. and Vamshi, C. and Kumar, P.",
        TITLE = "RNN based online handwritten word recognition in Devanagari and
Bengali scripts using horizontal zoning",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "92",
        YEAR = "2019",
        PAGES = "203-218",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224109"}

@article{bb229161,
        AUTHOR = "Li, Z.J. and Wang, W. and Chen, Y. and Hao, Y.S.",
        TITLE = "A novel method of text line segmentation for historical document
image of the uchen Tibetan",
        JOURNAL = JVCIR,
        VOLUME = "61",
        YEAR = "2019",
        PAGES = "23-32",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224110"}

@inproceedings{bb229162,
        AUTHOR = "Ralekar, C. and Gandhi, T.K. and Chaudhury, S.",
        TITLE = "Unlocking the Mechanism of Devanagari Letter Identification Using Eye
Tracking",
        BOOKTITLE = PReMI17,
        YEAR = "2017",
        PAGES = "219-226",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224111"}

@inproceedings{bb229163,
        AUTHOR = "Pramanik, R. and Bag, S.",
        TITLE = "Linear Curve Fitting-Based Headline Estimation in Handwritten Words for
Indian Scripts",
        BOOKTITLE = PReMI17,
        YEAR = "2017",
        PAGES = "116-123",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224112"}

@inproceedings{bb229164,
        AUTHOR = "Mandal, P. and Hossain, B.M.M.",
        TITLE = "Clustering-based Bangla spell checker",
        BOOKTITLE = IVPR17,
        YEAR = "2017",
        PAGES = "1-6",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224113"}

@inproceedings{bb229165,
        AUTHOR = "Razik, S. and Hossain, E. and Ismail, S. and Islam, M.S.",
        TITLE = "SUST-BHND: A database of Bangla Handwritten Numerals",
        BOOKTITLE = IVPR17,
        YEAR = "2017",
        PAGES = "1-6",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224114"}

@inproceedings{bb229166,
        AUTHOR = "Akter, S. and Asa, A.S. and Uddin, M.P. and Hossain, M.D. and Roy, S.K. and Afjal, M.I.",
        TITLE = "An extractive text summarization technique for Bengali document(s)
using K-means clustering algorithm",
        BOOKTITLE = IVPR17,
        YEAR = "2017",
        PAGES = "1-6",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224115"}

@inproceedings{bb229167,
        AUTHOR = "Bag, S. and Krishna, A.",
        TITLE = "Character Segmentation of Hindi Unconstrained Handwritten Words",
        BOOKTITLE = IWCIA15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "247-260",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224116"}

@inproceedings{bb229168,
        AUTHOR = "Karayil, T. and Ul Hasan, A. and Breuel, T.M.",
        TITLE = "A segmentation-free approach for printed Devanagari script
recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "946-950",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224117"}

@inproceedings{bb229169,
        AUTHOR = "Garain, U. and Mioulet, L. and Chaudhuri, B.B. and Chatelain, C. and Paquet, T.",
        TITLE = "Unconstrained Bengali handwriting recognition with recurrent models",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "1056-1060",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224118"}

@inproceedings{bb229170,
        AUTHOR = "Ghosh, R. and Roy, P.P.",
        TITLE = "Study of two zone-based features for online Bengali and Devanagari
character recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "401-405",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224119"}

@inproceedings{bb229171,
        AUTHOR = "Khattak, I.U. and Siddiqi, I. and Khalid, S. and Djeddi, C.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of Urdu ligatures - a holistic approach",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "71-75",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224120"}

@inproceedings{bb229172,
        AUTHOR = "Ul Hasan, A. and Shafaity, F. and Liwicki, M.",
        TITLE = "Curriculum learning for printed text line recognition of
ligature-based scripts",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "1001-1005",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224121"}

@inproceedings{bb229173,
        AUTHOR = "Singh, P.K. and Sarkar, R. and Nasipuri, M. and Doermann, D.S.",
        TITLE = "Word-level script identification for handwritten Indic scripts",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "1106-1110",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224122"}

@inproceedings{bb229174,
        AUTHOR = "Ahmad, R. and Afzal, M.Z. and Rashid, S.F. and Liwicki, M. and Dengel, A. and Breuel, T.",
        TITLE = "Recognizable units in Pashto language for OCR",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "1246-1250",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224123"}

@inproceedings{bb229175,
        AUTHOR = "Ahmad, R. and Afzal, M.Z. and Rashid, S.F. and Liwicki, M. and Breuel, T.",
        TITLE = "Scale and rotation invariant OCR for Pashto cursive script using
MDLSTM network",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "1101-1105",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224124"}

@inproceedings{bb229176,
        AUTHOR = "Nahar, L. and Jaafar, A.",
        TITLE = "Bangla Talking Calculator for Visually Impaired Students in Bangladesh",
        BOOKTITLE = IVIC15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "326-334",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224125"}

@inproceedings{bb229177,
        AUTHOR = "Frinken, V. and Bhattacharya, N. and Uchida, S. and Pal, U.",
        TITLE = "Improved BLSTM Neural Networks for Recognition of On-Line Bangla
Complex Words",
        BOOKTITLE = SSSPR14,
        YEAR = "2014",
        PAGES = "404-413",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224126"}

@inproceedings{bb229178,
        AUTHOR = "Rahul, L. and Nandakishor, S. and Singh, L.J. and Dutta, S.K.",
        TITLE = "Design of Manipuri Keywords Spotting System using HMM",
        BOOKTITLE = NCVPRIPG13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "1-3",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224127"}

@inproceedings{bb229179,
        AUTHOR = "Yadav, N. and Chaudhury, S. and Kalra, p.",
        TITLE = "Off-line skilled forgery detection on handwritten Devanagri script",
        BOOKTITLE = NCVPRIPG13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "1-4",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224128"}

@inproceedings{bb229180,
        AUTHOR = "Surinta, O. and Schomaker, L. and Wiering, M.",
        TITLE = "A Comparison of Feature and Pixel-Based Methods for Recognizing
Handwritten Bangla Digits",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "165-169",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224129"}

@inproceedings{bb229181,
        AUTHOR = "Lehal, G.S.",
        TITLE = "Ligature Segmentation for Urdu OCR",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "1130-1134",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224130"}

@inproceedings{bb229182,
        AUTHOR = "El Korashy, A. and Shafait, F.",
        TITLE = "Search Space Reduction for Holistic Ligature Recognition in Urdu
Nastalique Script",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "1125-1129",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224131"}

@inproceedings{bb229183,
        AUTHOR = "Ul Hasan, A. and Ahmed, S.B. and Rashid, F. and Shafait, F. and Breuel, T.M.",
        TITLE = "Offline Printed Urdu Nastaleeq Script Recognition with Bidirectional
LSTM Networks",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "1061-1065",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224132"}

@inproceedings{bb229184,
        AUTHOR = "Su, B. and Ding, X.Q. and Peng, L.R. and Liu, C.S.",
        TITLE = "Cross-Language Sensitive Words Distribution Map: A Novel
Recognition-Based Document Understanding Method for Uighur and
Tibetan",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "255-259",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224133"}

@inproceedings{bb229185,
        AUTHOR = "Narang, V. and Roy, S. and Murthy, O.V.R. and Hanmandlu, M.",
        TITLE = "Devanagari Character Recognition in Scene Images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "902-906",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224134"}

@inproceedings{bb229186,
        AUTHOR = "Sankaran, N. and Neelappa, A. and Jawahar, C.V.",
        TITLE = "Devanagari Text Recognition: A Transcription Based Formulation",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "678-682",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224135"}

@inproceedings{bb229187,
        AUTHOR = "Bhattacharya, N. and Pal, U. and Kimura, F.",
        TITLE = "A System for Bangla Online Handwritten Text",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "1335-1339",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224136"}

@inproceedings{bb229188,
        AUTHOR = "Ma, L.L. and Wu, J.",
        TITLE = "Semi-automatic Tibetan Component Annotation from Online Handwritten
Tibetan Character Database by Optimizing Segmentation Hypotheses",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "1340-1344",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224137"}

@inproceedings{bb229189,
        AUTHOR = "Yadav, N. and Chaudhury, S. and Kalra, P.",
        TITLE = "Most Discriminative Primitive Selection for Identity Determination
Using Handwritten Devanagari Script",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "1390-1394",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224138"}

@inproceedings{bb229190,
        AUTHOR = "Sankaran, N. and Jawahar, C.V.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of printed Devanagari text using BLSTM Neural Network",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "322-325",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224139"}

@inproceedings{bb229191,
        AUTHOR = "Chanda, S. and Pal, U. and Franke, K.",
        TITLE = "Font identification: In context of an Indic script",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "1655-1658",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224140"}

@inproceedings{bb229192,
        AUTHOR = "Rajkumar, J. and Mariraja, K. and Kanakapriya, K. and Nishanthini, S. and Chakravarthy, V.S.",
        TITLE = "Two Schemas for Online Character Recognition of Telugu Script Based on
Support Vector Machines",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "565-570",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224141"}

@inproceedings{bb229193,
        AUTHOR = "Raza, A. and Siddiqi, I. and Abidi, A. and Arif, F.",
        TITLE = "An Unconstrained Benchmark Urdu Handwritten Sentence Database with
Automatic Line Segmentation",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "491-496",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224142"}

@inproceedings{bb229194,
        AUTHOR = "Reza, K.N. and Khan, M.",
        TITLE = "Grouping of Handwritten Bangla Basic Characters, Numerals and Vowel
Modifiers for Multilayer Classification",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "325-330",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224143"}

@inproceedings{bb229195,
        AUTHOR = "Mullick, K. and Banerjee, S. and Bhattacharya, U.",
        TITLE = "An efficient line segmentation approach for handwritten Bangla
document image",
        BOOKTITLE = ICAPR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "1-6",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224144"}

@inproceedings{bb229196,
        AUTHOR = "Bhattacharya, U. and Banerjee, R. and Baral, S. and De, R. and Parui, S.K.",
        TITLE = "A Semi-automatic Annotation Scheme for Bangla Online Mixed Cursive
Handwriting Samples",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "680-685",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224145"}

@inproceedings{bb229197,
        AUTHOR = "Bhattacharya, N. and Pal, U.",
        TITLE = "Stroke Segmentation and Recognition from Bangla Online Handwritten Text",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "740-745",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224146"}

@inproceedings{bb229198,
        AUTHOR = "Banerjee, P. and Chaudhuri, B.B.",
        TITLE = "A System for Handwritten and Machine-Printed Text Separation in Bangla
Document Images",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "758-762",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224147"}

@inproceedings{bb229199,
        AUTHOR = "Biswas, S. and Das, A.K.",
        TITLE = "Content Independent Writer Identification Using Occurrences of Writing
Styles for Bangla Handwritings",
        BOOKTITLE = NCVPRIPG11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "154-157",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1031.html#TT224148"}

Last update:Sep 9, 2019 at 16:26:55