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        AUTHOR = "Wang, L. and Katsuyama, Y. and Fan, W. and He, Y. and Sun, J. and Hotta, Y.",
        TITLE = "Text detection in natural scene images with user-intention",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "2256-2259",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206614"}

@inproceedings{bb211501,
        AUTHOR = "Li, L. and Panichkriangkrai, C. and Hachimura, K.",
        TITLE = "Ukiyo-e Rakkan Retrieval System",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "150-154",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206615"}

@inproceedings{bb211502,
        AUTHOR = "Roy, A. and Parui, S.K. and Roy, U.",
        TITLE = "A Pair-Copula Based Scheme for Text Extraction from Digital Images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "892-896",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206616"}

@inproceedings{bb211503,
        AUTHOR = "Raza, A. and Siddiqi, I. and Djeddi, C. and Ennaji, A.",
        TITLE = "Multilingual Artificial Text Detection Using a Cascade of Transforms",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "309-313",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206617"}

@inproceedings{bb211504,
        AUTHOR = "Zhou, Y. and Feild, J.L. and Learned Miller, E.G. and Wang, R.",
        TITLE = "Scene Text Segmentation via Inverse Rendering",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "457-461",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206618"}

@inproceedings{bb211505,
        AUTHOR = "Huang, R. and Shivakumara, P. and Uchida, S.",
        TITLE = "Scene Character Detection by an Edge-Ray Filter",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "462-466",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206619"}

@inproceedings{bb211506,
        AUTHOR = "Terada, Y. and Huang, R. and Feng, Y. and Uchida, S.",
        TITLE = "On the Possibility of Structure Learning-Based Scene Character
Detector",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "472-476",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206620"}

@inproceedings{bb211507,
        AUTHOR = "Gao, S. and Wang, C.H. and Xiao, B.H. and Shi, C.Z. and Zhang, Y. and Lv, Z.J. and Shi, Y.Q.",
        TITLE = "Adaptive Scene Text Detection Based on Transferring Adaboost",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "388-392",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206621"}

@inproceedings{bb211508,
        AUTHOR = "Tian, S.X. and Shivakumara, P. and Phan, T.Q. and Tan, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Scene Character Reconstruction through Medial Axis",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "1360-1364",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206622"}

@inproceedings{bb211509,
        AUTHOR = "Zagoris, K. and Pratikakis, I.",
        TITLE = "Text Detection in Natural Images Using Bio-inspired Models",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "1370-1374",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206623"}

@inproceedings{bb211510,
        AUTHOR = "Bai, B. and Yin, F. and Liu, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Scene Text Localization Using Gradient Local Correlation",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "1380-1384",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206624"}

@inproceedings{bb211511,
        AUTHOR = "Fidler, S. and Sharma, A. and Urtasun, R.",
        TITLE = "A Sentence Is Worth a Thousand Pixels",
        BOOKTITLE = CVPR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "1995-2002",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206625"}

@inproceedings{bb211512,
        AUTHOR = "Clavelli, A. and Karatzas, D. and Llados, J. and Ferraro, M.",
        TITLE = "Towards Modelling an Attention-Based Text Localization Process",
        BOOKTITLE = IbPRIA13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "296-303",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206626"}

@inproceedings{bb211513,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, X.Q. and Lu, K. and Wang, W.Q.",
        TITLE = "Effectively localize text in natural scene images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "1197-1200",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206627"}

@inproceedings{bb211514,
        AUTHOR = "Sun, L. and Huo, Q.A.",
        TITLE = "A component-tree based method for user-intention guided text extraction",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "633-636",
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@inproceedings{bb211515,
        AUTHOR = "Gonzalez, A. and Bergasa, L.M. and Yebes, J.J. and Bronte, S.",
        TITLE = "Text location in complex images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "617-620",
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@inproceedings{bb211516,
        AUTHOR = "Phan, T.Q. and Shivakumara, P. and Tan, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Text detection in natural scenes using Gradient Vector Flow-Guided
symmetry",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "3296-3299",
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@inproceedings{bb211517,
        AUTHOR = "Zhang, Y. and Lai, J.H.",
        TITLE = "Arbitrarily oriented text detection using geodesic distances between
corners and skeletons",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "1896-1899",
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@inproceedings{bb211518,
        AUTHOR = "Felhi, M. and Bonnier, N. and Tabbone, S.A.",
        TITLE = "A skeleton based descriptor for detecting text in real scene images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "282-285",
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@inproceedings{bb211519,
        AUTHOR = "Banerjee, S. and Mullick, K. and Bhattacharya, U.",
        TITLE = "A Robust Approach to Extraction of Texts from Camera Captured Images",
        BOOKTITLE = CBDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
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@inproceedings{bb211520,
        AUTHOR = "Du, Y.N. and Duan, G.Q. and Ai, H.Z.",
        TITLE = "Context-based text detection in natural scenes",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP12,
        YEAR = "2012",
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@inproceedings{bb211521,
        AUTHOR = "Zhang, Y. and Wang, C.H. and Xiao, B.H. and Shi, C.Z.",
        TITLE = "A New Text Extraction Method Incorporating Local Information",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
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@inproceedings{bb211522,
        AUTHOR = "Kumar, G. and Shi, Z.X. and Setlur, S. and Govindaraju, V. and Ramachandrula, S.",
        TITLE = "Keyword Spotting Framework Using Dynamic Background Model",
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@inproceedings{bb211523,
        AUTHOR = "Yang, C.L. and Wong, P.C. and Ribarsky, W. and Fan, J.P.",
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        BOOKTITLE = ICMR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
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@inproceedings{bb211524,
        AUTHOR = "Yao, C. and Bai, X. and Liu, W.Y. and Ma, Y. and Tu, Z.W.",
        TITLE = "Detecting texts of arbitrary orientations in natural images",
        BOOKTITLE = CVPR12,
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        PAGES = "1083-1090",
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@inproceedings{bb211525,
        AUTHOR = "Zhou, G. and Liu, Y.H. and Tian, Z.Q. and Su, Y.Q.",
        TITLE = "A new hybrid method to detect text in natural scene",
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        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "2605-2608",
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@inproceedings{bb211526,
        AUTHOR = "Chen, H.Z. and Tsai, S.S. and Schroth, G. and Chen, D.M. and Grzeszczuk, R. and Girod, B.",
        TITLE = "Robust text detection in natural images with edge-enhanced Maximally
Stable Extremal Regions",
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        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "2609-2612",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206640"}

@inproceedings{bb211527,
        AUTHOR = "Rais, M. and Goussies, N.A. and Mejail, M.E.",
        TITLE = "Using Adaptive Run Length Smoothing Algorithm for Accurate Text
Localization in Images",
        BOOKTITLE = CIARP11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "149-156",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206641"}

@inproceedings{bb211528,
        AUTHOR = "Du, Y. and Ai, H.Z. and Lao, S.H.",
        TITLE = "Dot Text Detection Based on FAST Points",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "435-439",
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@inproceedings{bb211529,
        AUTHOR = "Gleichman, S. and Ophir, B. and Geva, A.B. and Marder, M. and Barkan, E. and Packer, E.",
        TITLE = "Detection and Segmentation of Antialiased Text in Screen Images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "424-428",
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@inproceedings{bb211530,
        AUTHOR = "Coates, A. and Carpenter, B. and Case, C. and Satheesh, S. and Suresh, B. and Wang, T. and Wu, D.J. and Ng, A.Y.",
        TITLE = "Text Detection and Character Recognition in Scene Images with
Unsupervised Feature Learning",
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        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "440-445",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206644"}

@inproceedings{bb211531,
        AUTHOR = "Pan, Y.F. and Zhu, Y.P. and Sun, J. and Naoi, S.",
        TITLE = "Improving Scene Text Detection by Scale-Adaptive Segmentation and
Weighted CRF Verification",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "759-763",
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@inproceedings{bb211532,
        AUTHOR = "Zhu, Y.P. and Sun, J. and Naoi, S.",
        TITLE = "Recognizing Natural Scene Characters by Convolutional Neural Network
and Bimodal Image Enhancement",
        BOOKTITLE = CBDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "69-82",
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@inproceedings{bb211533,
        AUTHOR = "Uchida, S. and Shigeyoshi, Y. and Kunishige, Y. and Yaokai, F.",
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        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "819-823",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206647"}

@inproceedings{bb211534,
        AUTHOR = "Kunishige, Y. and Yaokai, F. and Uchida, S.",
        TITLE = "Scenery Character Detection with Environmental Context",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "1049-1053",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206648"}

@inproceedings{bb211535,
        AUTHOR = "Lee, J.J. and Lee, P.H. and Lee, S.W. and Yuille, A.L. and Koch, C.",
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        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "429-434",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206649"}

@inproceedings{bb211536,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, J. and Li, H.P. and Zhang, S. and Liang, W.",
        TITLE = "A Novel Italic Detection and Rectification Method for Chinese
Advertising Images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "698-702",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206650"}

@inproceedings{bb211537,
        AUTHOR = "Zhang, H.W. and Liu, C.S. and Yang, C. and Ding, X.Q. and Wang, K.Q.",
        TITLE = "An Improved Scene Text Extraction Method Using Conditional Random Field
and Optical Character Recognition",
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        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "708-712",
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@inproceedings{bb211538,
        AUTHOR = "Situ, L.J. and Liu, R. and Tan, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Text Localization in Web Images Using Probabilistic Candidate Selection
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        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "1359-1363",
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@inproceedings{bb211539,
        AUTHOR = "Gao, R. and Shafait, F. and Uchida, S. and Feng, Y.",
        TITLE = "A Hierarchical Visual Saliency Model for Character Detection in Natural
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@inproceedings{bb211540,
        AUTHOR = "Jaber, T. and Amira, A. and Milligan, P.",
        TITLE = "Textual noise analysis and removal for effective search engines",
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@inproceedings{bb211541,
        AUTHOR = "Makridis, M. and Mitrakis, N.E. and Nikolaou, N. and Papamarkos, N.",
        TITLE = "Text Extraction Using Component Analysis and Neuro-fuzzy Classification
on Complex Backgrounds",
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        YEAR = "2011",
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@inproceedings{bb211542,
        AUTHOR = "Tremeau, A. and Godau, C. and Karaoglu, S. and Muselet, D.",
        TITLE = "Detecting Text in Natural Scenes Based on a Reduction of Photometric
Effects: Problem of Color Invariance",
        BOOKTITLE = CCIW11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "214-229",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206656"}

@inproceedings{bb211543,
        AUTHOR = "Tremeau, A. and Fernando, B. and Karaoglu, S. and Muselet, D.",
        TITLE = "Detecting Text in Natural Scenes Based on a Reduction of Photometric
Effects: Problem of Text Detection",
        BOOKTITLE = CCIW11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "230-244",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206657"}

@inproceedings{bb211544,
        AUTHOR = "Karaoglu, S. and Fernando, B. and Tremeau, A.",
        TITLE = "A Novel Algorithm for Text Detection and Localization in Natural Scene
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        BOOKTITLE = DICTA10,
        YEAR = "2010",
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@inproceedings{bb211545,
        AUTHOR = "Petter, M. and Fragoso, V. and Turk, M. and Baur, C.",
        TITLE = "Automatic text detection for mobile augmented reality translation",
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@inproceedings{bb211546,
        AUTHOR = "Sanketi, P. and Shen, H.Y. and Coughlan, J.M.",
        TITLE = "Localizing blurry and low-resolution text in natural images",
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@inproceedings{bb211547,
        AUTHOR = "Pan, Y.F. and Liu, C.L. and Hou, X.W.",
        TITLE = "Fast scene text localization by learning-based filtering and
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        BOOKTITLE = ICIP10,
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        PAGES = "2269-2272",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206661"}

@inproceedings{bb211548,
        AUTHOR = "Mavaddat, N. and Kim, T.K. and Cipolla, R.",
        TITLE = "Design and Evaluation of Features That Best Define Text in Complex
Scene Images",
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@inproceedings{bb211549,
        AUTHOR = "Sun, Q.Y. and Lu, Y. and Sun, S.L.",
        TITLE = "A Visual Attention Based Approach to Text Extraction",
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        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "3991-3995",
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@inproceedings{bb211550,
        AUTHOR = "Jung, I. and Oh, I.S.",
        TITLE = "Local Binary Pattern-Based Features for Text Identification of Web
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        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "4320-4323",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206664"}

@inproceedings{bb211551,
        AUTHOR = "Anthimopoulos, M. and Vlissidis, N. and Gatos, B.",
        TITLE = "A Pixel-Based Evaluation Method for Text Detection in Color Images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "3264-3267",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206665"}

@inproceedings{bb211552,
        AUTHOR = "Anoual, H. and El Fkihi, S. and Jilbab, A. and Aboutajdine, D.",
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        YEAR = "2010",
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@inproceedings{bb211553,
        AUTHOR = "Choi, S.H. and Yun, J.P. and Sim, S.B. and Kim, S.W.",
        TITLE = "Edge-based text localization and character segmentation algorithms for
automatic slab information recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = IASP10,
        YEAR = "2010",
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@inproceedings{bb211554,
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@inproceedings{bb211555,
        AUTHOR = "Halidan, A. and Maitimusha, K. and Yan, Z.",
        TITLE = "Uygur Words Localization in Single Frame Image of Complex Background",
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        YEAR = "2009",
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@inproceedings{bb211556,
        AUTHOR = "O'Grady, R. and Cohen, C.J. and Beach, G. and Moody, G.",
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@inproceedings{bb211557,
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        TITLE = "Text Segmentation in Colour Posters from the Spanish Civil War Era",
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@inproceedings{bb211558,
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Foreground-Background Separation",
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@inproceedings{bb211559,
        AUTHOR = "Lettner, M. and Sablatnig, R.",
        TITLE = "Spatial and Spectral Based Segmentation of Text in Multispectral Images
of Ancient Documents",
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@inproceedings{bb211560,
        AUTHOR = "Lettner, M. and Sablatnig, R.",
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@inproceedings{bb211561,
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@inproceedings{bb211562,
        AUTHOR = "Zini, L. and Destrero, A. and Odone, F.",
        TITLE = "A Classification Architecture Based on Connected Components for Text
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        BOOKTITLE = AVSBS09,
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@inproceedings{bb211563,
        AUTHOR = "Hanif, S.M. and Prevost, L.",
        TITLE = "Text Detection and Localization in Complex Scene Images using
Constrained AdaBoost Algorithm",
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@inproceedings{bb211564,
        AUTHOR = "Emmanouilidis, C. and Batsalas, C. and Papamarkos, N.",
        TITLE = "Development and Evaluation of Text Localization Techniques Based on
Structural Texture Features and Neural Classifiers",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
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@inproceedings{bb211565,
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        TITLE = "Page frame segmentation for contextual advertising in print on demand
books",
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        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "17-22",
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@inproceedings{bb211566,
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        TITLE = "Robust outdoor text detection using text intensity and shape features",
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@inproceedings{bb211567,
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        YEAR = "2008",
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@inproceedings{bb211568,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, F. and Peng, X. and Wang, T. and Lu, S.F.",
        TITLE = "A density-based approach for text extraction in images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR08,
        YEAR = "2008",
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@inproceedings{bb211569,
        AUTHOR = "Jafri, S.A.R. and Boutin, M. and Delp, E.J.",
        TITLE = "Automatic text area segmentation in natural images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "3196-3199",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206683"}

@inproceedings{bb211570,
        AUTHOR = "di Stefano, L. and Tombari, F. and Lanza, A. and Mattoccia, S. and Monti, S.",
        TITLE = "Graffiti Detection Using Two Views",
        BOOKTITLE = VS08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "xx-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206684"}

@inproceedings{bb211571,
        AUTHOR = "Tombari, F. and di Stefano, L. and Mattoccia, S. and Zanetti, A.",
        TITLE = "Graffiti Detection Using a Time-Of-Flight Camera",
        BOOKTITLE = ACIVS08,
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        PAGES = "xx-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206685"}

@inproceedings{bb211572,
        AUTHOR = "Xu, P.F. and Ji, R.R. and Yao, H.X. and Sun, X.S. and Liu, T.Q. and Liu, X.M.",
        TITLE = "Text Particles Multi-band Fusion for Robust Text Detection",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIAR08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "xx-yy",
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@inproceedings{bb211573,
        AUTHOR = "Kandan, R. and Reddy, N.K. and Arvind, K.R. and Ramakrishnan, A.G.",
        TITLE = "A Robust Two Level Classification Algorithm for Text Localization in
Documents",
        BOOKTITLE = ISVC07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "II: 96-105",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206687"}

@inproceedings{bb211574,
        AUTHOR = "Ma, Y. and Wang, C. and Xiao, B. and Dai, R.",
        TITLE = "Usage-Oriented Performance Evaluation for Text Localization Algorithms",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "1033-1037",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206688"}

@inproceedings{bb211575,
        AUTHOR = "Mancas Thillou, C. and Gosselin, B.",
        TITLE = "Spatial and Color Spaces Combination for Natural Scene Text Extraction",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "985-988",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206689"}

@inproceedings{bb211576,
        AUTHOR = "Farooq, F. and Sridharan, K. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Identifying Handwritten Text in Mixed Documents",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "II: 1142-1145",
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@inproceedings{bb211577,
        AUTHOR = "Shen, H.Y. and Coughlan, J.L.",
        TITLE = "Grouping Using Factor Graphs: An Approach for Finding Text with a
Camera Phone",
        BOOKTITLE = GbRPR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "394-403",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206691"}

@inproceedings{bb211578,
        AUTHOR = "Shen, H.Y. and Coughlan, J.L.",
        TITLE = "Finding Text in Natural Scenes by Figure-Ground Segmentation",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "IV: 113-118",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206692"}

@inproceedings{bb211579,
        AUTHOR = "Shen, H.Y. and Coughlan, J.L.",
        TITLE = "Reading LCD/LED Displays with a Camera Cell Phone",
        BOOKTITLE = EmbedCV06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "119",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206693"}

@inproceedings{bb211580,
        AUTHOR = "Claudino, L.M.B. and Braga, A.P. and Araujo, A.A. and Oliveira, A.F.",
        TITLE = "Unsupervised Segmentation of Text Fragments in Real Scenes",
        BOOKTITLE = CIAP05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "399-406",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206694"}

@inproceedings{bb211581,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, C.M. and Wang, C.H. and Dai, R.W.",
        TITLE = "Text detection in images based on unsupervised classification of
edge-based features",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "II: 610-614",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206695"}

@inproceedings{bb211582,
        AUTHOR = "Bargeron, D. and Viola, P. and Simard, P.Y.",
        TITLE = "Boosting-based transductive learning for text detection",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "II: 1166-1171",
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@inproceedings{bb211583,
        AUTHOR = "Li, C. and Ding, X.Q. and Wu, Y.S.",
        TITLE = "Automatic text location in natural scene images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "1069-1073",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206697"}

@inproceedings{bb211584,
        AUTHOR = "Nourbakhsh, F. and Pati, P.B. and Ramakrishnan, A.G.",
        TITLE = "Text Localization and Extraction from Complex Gray Images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICCVGIP06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "776-785",
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@inproceedings{bb211585,
        AUTHOR = "Raju, S.S. and Pati, P.B. and Ramakrishnan, A.G.",
        TITLE = "Text Localization and Extraction from Complex Color Images",
        BOOKTITLE = ISVC05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "486-493",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206699"}

@inproceedings{bb211586,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, J.S. and Park, S.C. and Kim, S.H.",
        TITLE = "Text locating from natural scene images using image intensities",
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        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "II: 655-659",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206700"}

@inproceedings{bb211587,
        AUTHOR = "Zhang, D.Q. and Chang, S.F.",
        TITLE = "Learning to Detect Scene Text Using a Higher-Order MRF with Belief
Propagation",
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        YEAR = "2004",
        PAGES = "101",
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@inproceedings{bb211588,
        AUTHOR = "Yamaguchi, T. and Maruyama, M.",
        TITLE = "Character extraction from natural scene images by hierarchical
classifiers",
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        YEAR = "2004",
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@inproceedings{bb211589,
        AUTHOR = "Song, Y.J. and Kim, K.C. and Choi, Y.W. and Byun, H.R. and Kim, S.H. and Chi, S.Y. and Jang, D.K. and Chung, Y.K.",
        TITLE = "Text region extraction and text segmentation on camera-captured
document style images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "I: 172-176",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206703"}

@inproceedings{bb211590,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, K.C. and Byun, H.R. and Song, Y.J. and Choi, Y.W. and Chi, S.Y. and Kim, K.K. and Chung, Y.K.",
        TITLE = "Scene text extraction in natural scene images using hierarchical
feature combining and verification",
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        YEAR = "2004",
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@inproceedings{bb211591,
        AUTHOR = "Byun, H.R. and Roh, M.C. and Kim, K.C. and Choi, Y.W. and Lee, S.W.",
        TITLE = "Scene Text Extraction in Complex Images",
        BOOKTITLE = DAS02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "329 ff.",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206705"}

@inproceedings{bb211592,
        AUTHOR = "Kise, K. and Tsujino, M. and Matsumoto, K.",
        TITLE = "Spotting Where to Read on Pages:
Retrieval of Relevant Parts from Page Images",
        BOOKTITLE = DAS02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "388 ff.",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206706"}

@inproceedings{bb211593,
        AUTHOR = "Wang, H.",
        TITLE = "Automatic character location and segmentation in color scene images",
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        YEAR = "2001",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206707"}

@inproceedings{bb211594,
        AUTHOR = "Bertucci, E. and Pilu, M. and Mirmehdi, M.",
        TITLE = "Text selection by structured light marking for hand-held cameras",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "555-559",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206708"}

@inproceedings{bb211595,
        AUTHOR = "Pilu, M. and Pollard, S.",
        TITLE = "A light-weight text image processing method for handheld embedded
cameras",
        BOOKTITLE = BMVC02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "Poster Session",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206709"}

@inproceedings{bb211596,
        AUTHOR = "Perroud, T. and Sobottka, K. and Bunke, H.",
        TITLE = "Text extraction from color documents-clustering approaches in three and
four dimensions",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "937-941",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206710"}

@inproceedings{bb211597,
        AUTHOR = "Wang, H. and Kangas, J.",
        TITLE = "Character-like region verification for extracting text in scene images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "957-962",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206711"}

@inproceedings{bb211598,
        AUTHOR = "Jin, N. and Tang, Y.Y.",
        TITLE = "Text area localization under complex-background using wavelet
decomposition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "1126-1130",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206712"}

@inproceedings{bb211599,
        AUTHOR = "Shiku, O. and Kawasue, K. and Nakamura, A.",
        TITLE = "A Method for Character String Extraction Using
Local and Global Segment Crowdedness",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 1077-1080",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char965.html#TT206713"}

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